The Pros And Cons Of 20th Century Globalization

957 Words4 Pages
“Americanism, not globalism, will be our credo,” Donald Trump declared lately. America is not alone. “Brexit spreads across Europe” — such headlines also indicate that there are rising voices against globalization, especially in western developed countries. “Globalization refers to all those processes by which the people of the world are incorporated into a single world society, global society.” (Albrow, 1990) However, nowadays globalization appears the other way round. What has triggered the hostility to 21st century globalization, and how does it differ from 20th century globalization? The main argumentation of this issue focuses on the different aspects of globalization during this period of transformation. In exploring the debates on globalization…show more content…
Naturally, 20th century globalization was occupied with post-war development policies and uncertainty, which adversely affected urban development. At that time urban planning was mainly led and limited by the crude vision of “functional segregation”, laid down in Athens Charter. This notion inclined urban planning to treat buildings and developments as isolated parts of the overall urban ecosystem, resulting in a 20th-century move towards establishing something stable, structured, and rationalised within what had become a world of chaos, flux and change (Irving, 1993). Later on with the revolutions of 1989 and subsequent liberalization all over the world, globalization picked up again, which acted as a spur to a significant expansion of global interconnectedness and the emergence of postmodernism. This time, the world was ready to embrace diversity and to exalt uncertainty, flexibility and change. To follow the trend,…show more content…
Marginalized by the inequalities of economic neoliberal globalization, people have no choice but to be stuck in urban fringe — an inferior but affordable living condition. We failed to account for this influx of people and didn’t realize that such migration, other than being a problem, is also the backbone supporting our global system. According to the study of this issue by the World Bank in 2009, the most effective method to poverty reduction and economic growth is to encourage the highest possible urban population density and the growth!3 of the largest cities through
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