From Singer’s perspective, it is irrelevant if someone’s suffering is physically distant from us. However, there are reasons why we place higher value on relationships that are closer to us. The wellbeing of those who we have forged meaningful relationships with have a tendency to outweigh the wellbeing of strangers. This is not just a callous social construct. As human beings, there are a finite number of issues that our mind can conceptualise at any point in time.
A dystopia is a nonexistent place where everything is awful. Many stories written in a dystopian society tend to open up as if it was a utopia- the opposite of a dystopia. In “Harrison Bergeron” by Kurt Vonnegut the startup of the short story appears to be a utopia, and everything seems like a perfect futuristic society. However, it quickly becomes unmasked as a dystopia by the oppression and fear for this society to be “perfect” and “equal”.
The quote, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. ” summarizes what Harrison is fighting for. The year 2081, there is finally equality, but to be made equal there are many individuals that are made handicapped because they are better than everyone else. Harrison is one that is made handicapped and tension arose between the handicap general and Harrison. Harrison believed that being handicapped stops him from showing his full potential.
He represents individual dignity and moral integrity while believing in justice for all, rich and poor, strong and weak” (Lang 160). Superman was the ultimate symbol of what America valued at the time he was first published. This hero is in sharp contrast to another famous superhero, Spiderman, who was introduced in the 1960s in a time when America was in the midst of the Cold War and had a much bleaker outlook that directly following World War Two. Lang and Trimble argue that Spiderman is very different than Superman, in that “frequently Spiderman wishes that someone else would assume the role of being society’s protector, and talks about giving up the superhero role” (Lang 160). The article says that the reason for the difference in these two heroes has to do with the changes in the American monomyth between the 1930s and the 1960s.
In "Do Artifacts Have Politics," in A Search for Limits in an Age of High Technology, Langdon Winner explores the idea that technology "can embody specific forms of power and authority" (19). He refers to Lewis Mumford's 1960s writing that technologies can be categorized as either authoritarian or democratic. Winner adds Hayes who notes that deploying nuclear power facilities will result in an authoritarian society because he prefers solar sources that are better than the former's centralized technologies (19). Despite these views, Winner asserts that, using the theory of technological politics, the social and economic systems of technologies are the ones with political qualities, not technical artifacts per se (Winner 20). In this case, the state uses its political qualities and imbues them into the technical artifacts.
Imagine living in a world where everyone is equal, no one is better than anyone else, and the word "I" is against all laws. Seems pretty surreal, well that is reality in the science fiction novel Anthem by Ayn Rand. Throughout the course of the text, the theme of relationships has progressed and developed in many ways. The first of my examples of the change of relationship is how early on in the novel we got the impression that Equality shared thoughts with his government of "We" and no "I".
Is a perfect society possible, or is it just the seed of a corrupt governments rise to total control, masquerading the truth from its community. In The Giver, by Lois Lowry, the protagonist named Jonas just happens to be one of the government’s pawns at the time. Throughout the book, Jonas learns that the ‘perfect’ society he’s been living in his life isn’t a utopia after all. It actually turns out to be a dystopian society, where there is no freedom to do the things that people take for granted in modern society. The dystopian society written about in The Giver has many distinct differences and some similarities whilst being held up to the light with modern society today.
What if technology was being used and abused but you never knew about it? In the book “Harrison Bergeron” by Kurt Vonnegut, technology is being abused without anyone knowing except for one person (Harrison Bergeron). “The year was 2081, and everybody was finally equal” (Vonnegut 133). The people are not just equal before the law, but they are equal in every way. The agents of the United States Handicapper General put handicappers (technological devices) to take away the people’s differences.
How A Modern Society Can Change To Imperfection According to Lauren Oliver an author of many young adult novels, “I think that Dystopian futures are also a reflection of our current fears” (Oliver). Dystopia a word said when it isn’t a perfect world; actually the opposite. The future worlds are made up to be imperfect and scary, a future where every single person is equal and government reigns like a king over everyone. This means that all fears of being completely equal and controlled are what people make the imperfect future to be like.
“The year was 2081, and everybody was finally equal”1 is a statement that in the mouth of the American writer should sound at least victorious. However, Kurt Vonnegut in the opening line of his dystopian short story Harrison Bergeron creates a highly ironical declaration, which he later ridicules by the following story. The author who gained his fame by writing the novel Slaughterhouse-Five, describes the world supposedly equal and free, but entirely bound by the laws that command the lives of people. That describes also fairly well the second short story 2 B R 0 2 B, which title refers to the famous phrase “to be or not to be”2 from William Shakespeare 's Hamlet, as mentioned in the text, “the trick telephone number that people who didn 't
The book follows Guy Montag, an average, ordinary person, who gets his world turned upside-down by Clarisse McClellan, a young girl who sees the society in the light instead of the dark like most of the citizens. As the story progresses, we watch Montag finally open his eyes to see what has become of his beloved society. The reader also sees Montag start to ask the big questions, the ones with no definite answer that can get him into trouble in this new society. The people in this fictional society believe that they have found utopia, but when our society views it, we see a dystopia, although when we look closer at our society we not only see the differences but the similarities.
Gatlin Farrington 12/1 P.4 Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury is an excellent utopian/dystopian fictional story about a man who fights for the freedom to read. The government in this world has made almost every book (with a few exceptions) illegal. They have done this due to the contradictory ideas found in them. It was thought that all of the contradictions might confuse citizens on what is the truth and what isn’t.
In the same review from “Pulp and Dagger” they state later that “…despite the obvious high-minded intentions, it seems, first and foremost, entertainment” (Superman). Comic books are entertaining and Red Son is entertaining, it definitely sold well with “…orders for Red Son have doubled normal sales…” (Boztas). But comic books also have morals they are supposed to teach a lesson. There is simply too much with this story to just be about entertainment. Superman spends a whole mini-series worth of comic books making mistakes, trying to control the Earth, and then realizing the horrible truth behind that concept and that’s just entertainment?
If everyone was made equal how is it fair to others? In the story “Harrison Bergeron” by Kurk Vonnegut Jr, The year is 2018, people are completely equal, and they are the same in every way possible. There are people in the society being handicapped to be made the same as the other people in the society. The people who aren’t handicapped are the people who have “perfect” intelligence, strength, and beauty, which means that they aren’t that big of a threat. The superiors(intellectual people) are a bigger threat to the society, the so called “perfect” citizens are not a threat because they can’t process their own thoughts very well.
Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury are two novels, taken place in the far future, which have numerous similarities and differences throughout them. Fahrenheit 451 presents in American society set in the future where the public is brainwashed by the government to believe that the world is perfect and nothing is wrong. Brave New World is set in London 6:32 A.F. (After Ford), it satires the new developments that the society has in reproductive technology, sleep learning (hypnopeadia), psychological manipulation and overall societal conditioning that combined create a "perfect" society. Of all the common factors, the ones that stand out the most would be: The outlaw of reading books, the protagonist pictured as