For Arts, I will be looking at the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) as the sponsee and Bank of America (BOA) as the sponsor. I am not sure if this is a good fit. I say this because according to an article published in the magazine American Renaissance by Jared Taylor, BOA was ordered to pay $335 million to settle charges that its discriminated against non-white borrowers (Taylor, J., 2011). They also steered blacks and Hispanics more often than they did whites into costly, risky, sub-prime mortgages. The primary goal for BOA is to improve image.
Racial profiling, poverty and high crime rates are the major contributors to high incarceration rates for African Americans compared to their percent of the general population. Besides social and economic isolation, African Americans have been marked as inherently criminal with the war on drugs and crime targeting them even when the statics shows they are less likely to be in possession of cocaine for example (Walker, Spohn, DeLone, 2012). The high number of African Americans on death row is the result of institutional racism. Majority of the judges in the United States are white and more often than not are either implicitly or explicitly biased in their rulings (Walker, Spohn, DeLone, 2012). Institutionalized racism refers to an expression
The sentencing disparity for drug use by race is disproportionate for African Americans because of The War on Drugs. Matthew Lassiter (2015) explains, “In 1951, Harry Anslinger, the commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, collaborated with senate of criminal investigations to target black ‘dope peddlers’ who were luring pretty white blondes into drug addiction”(2015:128). According to Lassiter (2015), Anslinger believed that peddlers, who destroyed teenagers’ lives, required the most sever punishment (2015:129). Using this rhetoric, presidents like Nixon and Reagan would shape the way drug laws are enforced. For example, Richard Nixon made it his goal to focus on treatment, rather than criminal punishment (Yuill 2009).
Through my research I continuously asked myself; why are there more people of color incarcerated than whites? Is it because they commit more crimes? Or are parts of the criminal justice system flawed and discriminatory? Nonetheless, if the there is some kind of discrimination, does this explain poverty in African American and Hispanic communities? I found that, today, people of color are more likely to be incarcerated and sentenced disproportionally than their white counterparts.
Or, to put it in another way: A black driver is 31% more likely to be pulled over than a white driver, or 23% more likely than a Hispanic driver. "Driving while black" is indeed a measurable phenomenon. Also the police department is trying to improve the lawfulness and legitimacy of their policing activities by letting the researcher study the daily activity of police officer. like any other government system there are always some unfairness in the system and the way of getting it fare to every body is a time consuming process. Now days is getting better and
In contrast, stricter policy reforms were implemented into the courts due to the reflective increase in use of illegal substance among offenders. Moreover, the increase in violence and drugs among offenders enhanced stricter policy reforms, for more than 78.7% percent of offenders have used illegal drugs, which is three-fourth’s of the incarcerated population. Also, 62.2% percent of convicted drug offenders meet the diagnostic criteria of drug abuse or dependence that accumulates to be two-thirds of the populations, while 64.3% percent of offenders used an illegal substance regularly. In addition, convicted offenders have a high rate of 56.7% percent in committing recidivism, for Mark Harmon author of "Fixed ' Sentencing: The Effect On Imprisonment
One of the most reliable findings in research on attitudes toward police is that citizen distrust is more widespread among African-Americans than whites. Residents of disadvantaged communities have a considerable risk of experiencing direct and indirect contact with police
People of color have accounted for a disproportionate 43 % of total executions since 1976 and 55 % of those currently awaiting execution. A moratorium of the death penalty is necessary to address the blatant prejudice in our application of the death penalty. One can also notice the death penalty is disproportionately directed towards racial minorities and in many jurisdictions African Americans are subjected to Capital Punishment at a rate of 38% higher than all others (Ruts-Terrian). It can be argued when looking at the actual numbers of how many white people are on death row they outnumber the amount of black people on death row. However, when you look at the population density and how many people there actually are of each race in the United States African American people are disproportionately represented on death row.
For example, does race play a factor since there are more blacks in prisons than whites? If so, is it because of their low-income neighborhood and lifestyle growing up? It is not hard to recognize that the drug crime offenses are increasing, and it shows with the wide epidemic of the war on drugs. Lastly, combatting violent and drug related crimes would help decrease incarceration rates. Combining communication and readily available support and income can help people with violence and drugs.
There are a lot of things that influence African Americans lives, but jail incarceration and poverty seems to be at the root. I am mentioning poverty because unjust jail incarceration is linked adjacent to it. According to the State of Working America in a 2013 study, African Americans, poverty rates are the highest at 27%. According to the NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, “African Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population.” According to the U.S. Sentencing Commission in a 2010 study, African Americans offenders receive sentences that are 10% longer than white offenders for the same crimes.
There have been many controversial discussions concerning the disfranchisement of felons, especially in African-American community. African-Americans are twice as likely to be convicted of a felony higher than any other race in the American population. African-Americans felons are also twice as likely to return to prison higher than any other race. The discussion about the recidivist’s rate of African-Americans often place blame on the individual’s behavior and/or being a product of one’s own environmental. Although this may be true but taking deeper into cause of African-Americans recidivism, would reveal the main factor being laws that have been put into place to keep convicted felon at a disadvantage, hence felony disenfranchisement.
MENTAL HEALTH: BLACK COMMUNITY Mental Health in the Black community has rapidly grown overtime. According to the Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health, African Americans are 20% more likely to experience serious mental health problems than the general population. (Mental Health American p. 3) Mental health disorder is popular in the Black community. Which can include: depression, ADHD and PTSD, which usually stem from either a violent past or background. (NAMI p. 3) Furthermore, Cultural Trauma probes the internal conflicts over the form and meaning of representation and culture in successive generations of black Americans after slavery.