With the next presidential election rapidly approaching, many issues and viewpoints have been thrust into the political battlefield. Each candidate informs voters on his or her solutions, usually centered around republican and democratic views. When a candidate breaks the norm and distances himself or herself the farthest away from the two main parties, it grabs my attention. Bernie Sanders’ socialist ideas make him very unique, but also give him a negative connotation with some American voters.
Simply put, In a Communist system, individual people do not own land, factories, or machinery. Instead, the government or the whole community owns these things. The ultimate goal of communism is to create a classless society and creating a dictatorship (A government in which one ruler has complete control over a country.) For nearly 35 years, the Cold War took place between the Soviet Union and the United States. The war was referred to as cold because there was never any physical fighting between the two countries. The Cold War essentially began due to political and military clashes between the two countries. After WW2, the United States sought for stronger united Germany and independent nations in Eastern Europe. The United States president
Communism: Communism is defined as the political and economic doctrine that aims to replace private property and a profit-based economy with public ownership and communal control of at least the major means of production and the natural resources of a society. This form of government is important because it is backed by the idea of pure equality and is known for being the highest, most advanced form of socialism. Communism fueled the leaders of the Russian Revolution, such as Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, and Leon Trotsky. When Lenin was called into power after Nicholas II’s abdication, he immediately introduced Communism as Russia’s new form of government. This resulted in the break out of the Russian Civil War between the communist “reds”
Andrew Carnegie discusses three different forms of distributing riches. Carnegie used ethos and pathos as well as vocabulary in order to strengthen his argument. The three methods are inheritance, distributing after death and distributing during a lifetime. Inheritance refers to the wealthy person leaving behind their riches to their children. Carnegie argues that this method often leads to failure. He says that it is too much pressure for the children. Having to manage a large estate without life experience or knowledge of maintaining a business. Carnegie also believes that leaving behind so much wealth sets up the descendants for failure. Since the offspring are not learning how to making a living with their own bear hands kids they will often end up in poverty. Most of these inheritors end up living off the wealth and not using it to better humanity, the wealth stagnates. Carnegie goes to say that it is rare for rich children to not be spoiled and to work for the greater good of the general public. Although there are exceptions Carnegie believes that this is the worst way to distribute wealth.
I have read the dystopian novel “The Giver” (1993) which is written by the beloved American author Lois Lowry. “The Giver” is about a twelve-year-old boy with the name Jonas. Jonas lives a similar life as all the others in the community, until the Ceremony of Twelve when he got assigned the task as the Receiver of Memory. As The Receiver of Memory it is Jonas’ task to keep all the memories of the past so not everyone needs to keep this burden. Although Jonas received beautiful memories with a lot of colors and happiness he also felt grief, pain and anger. The Giver and Jonas were tired of being the only ones who have to keep the memories and feel the pain. Therefore, does Jonas leave the community so the memories will bit by bit, come back to the citizens of the community.
The Bill of Rights is the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. The Bill of Rights more specifically protects the rights of individuals against any action by the Federal government that took their Life, Liberty, or property.The first meeting of congress was held in 1789 and began writing the Amendments we know now as the Bill of Rights. All 10 Amendments in the Bill of Rights were enacted and passed in 1791 and ratified by the states in the same year. The Bill of Rights is only second to being known by the Preamble.
Ronald Reagan delivered the speech “Tear Down this Wall”, June 12, 1987 to the West Berliners in Berlin, Germany at the Brandenburg Gate and stood with the wall behind him to create a greater impact on his words. Two years after his speech, the wall was finally put down and west and east berlin became one. In “Tear Down this Wall”, Ronald Reagan uses rhetorical devices such as rhetorical appeals, imagery and repetition to bring hope to the people that one day they will be able to breathe freedom.
The Red Scare was a time filled with hysteria and fear of anarchist, socialist, and communist revolt against America. This sparked unpleasant emotion and terrorist attacks in the United States ("The First"). The Red Scare began in 1919 and the name was given to this time period because of the many race riots which were caused by accused troublemakers and conscientious objectors("The Red Scare").The widespread fear caused by the First Red Scare created a negative tension in the United States during the early 1900's. The First Red Scare affected the United States government, the workers, and the people.
Communism, a political theory advocating social war, was born in the 19th century, farthered by Karl Marx and later took a toll on the rest of the world. The Bolshevik Revolution took control over the Soviet Union and communism began to rise in Russia and everywhere else for that matter. Communism sparked rebellion and believers. In the novel Anthem, the author Ayn Rand recreates history using connection, characterization and tone in a fictional futuristic dystopia.
In Michael Huemer’s book, The Problem of Political Authority he argues that the government does not hold legitimate authority and then proposes a form of anarcho capitalism, which he believes could eventually replace an existing democracy, specifically in the United States. I found the section concerning whether or not the government holds legitimate authority to be convincing. However, the second section of the essay directed at proposing how a system of anarcho capitalism could be put into action does not seem like a feasible alternative to government. Huemer does well to address how private security agencies and private arbitration firms could replace the current police and court systems, but does
In Anthem, Ayn Rand depicts a government that has structured control over its citizens and everyone is equal. Comparably, fascism is a governmental system, led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism. Communism is a system in which all property is owned by the government and there is a collective, classless society. The society presented in this novella is similar to communism, as the government establishes a classless routined society and relates to fascism, as the government has complete control and restricts individualism.
Have you ever heard the saying that Fascism and Communism are two sides of the same coin? These ideologies flourished during the first half of the 20th century and influenced several European states which followed the two ideologies. Fascism was imposed in order to promote powerful and permanent nationalism within a totalitarian state led by a dictator which is ready to engage in conflict internally and with its neighbors. The doctrine of Fascism was drafted in 1919 by Giovanni Gentile and adopted by Mussolini (Mussolini is considered the founder of fascism). Gentile stated, “Everything for the state; nothing against the state” (Heywood, Politics 48). Meanwhile, the theory of Communism was theoretically developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848, with the writing of “The Communist Manifesto” (Heywood, Politics 41). Communism is a system in which all economics and politics are synthesized into one classless state which is most commonly associated with common ownership and people 's leadership by a political party. Although both ideologies coincide in a few aspects when in practice, Communism and Fascism feature different approaches to property and society.
The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic Revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world t o win. WORKING MEN OF ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE! (Friedrich).
Marx saw capital and liberal democracies as the fundamental reasons for the low standards of living and the low social conditions of workers. Karl Marx in particular is especially concerned with the political assumptions behind these two ideologies. According to him, these two types of government should be replaced by communism, since communism would provide a more equal and socially just society. Although this statement may seem unusual, since we tend to associate communism with Stalin and China, the type of communism implemented in these countries is different from the communism that Marx and Engels envisaged in their Communist Manifesto. Marx and Engels’ vision of communism is based on the principle of equality among the people and freedom