Introduction: Genetically modified organisms can be defined as organisms in which the DNA has been changed in a way that does not occur naturally by any reproduction procedure. The enviropig is just one of many organisms that they did experiments on to modify it to have specific (needed) outcomes. The reason for genetic modification is to be able to change a product or organism so that it deliver desirable traits. The enviropig was created to solve the problem of pigs not being able to absorb enough phosphorous from their diet, which then in its turn contributes to the larger factor of pollution.
This experiment has only 5% chance to get success. So the first argument against human cloning is straightforward and widely shared: it is dangerous. Here genetic screening is used with cloned human embryos and any embryo that does not pass will be killed. So the opponents of human cloning say that an embryo at any stage of development is a human life, worthy of protection and any kind of research that entails destroying an embryo is immoral, unethical, no matter how worthy the intent may be. It involves using human beings as means; it turns human into commodities and fosters a culture of
Making a new and safe environment would not only help the animals, but also put less emotional stress on the scientists. Only about seventy percent of the time animals experiment is reliable (Hamil 1). Many forms of medication used for animal research are relabeled or pulled off the shelf because they have sicken or killed a human patient (Moore 2). The experiments just fell far short of expectations (Conlee 1). When the medication are pulled, money is lost in the making and canceling the
Genetic alteration is “playing God” and when it comes to physical trait selection, it is not our place to decide. Killing one kid in order to give another stronger and quicker muscle growth is wrong on so many levels. The only exception is if a mother’s child is saved from a dangerous disease with the healthy genes of an artificially inseminated lab-kid, mothered by nobody. However, “farming” kids still seems very inhumane because these are potential lives we’re talking about. But regardless of how it is used, it must be used in moderation.
The controversial topic that I chose to do my research paper on is whether or not animal testing should be used in scientific experiments. This topic is important because 26 million animals are used annually in the U.S alone. I chose this topic because of the strong views of both sides and how well backed up they are. This is a major discussion that has been going on for years with no apparent resolution in sight. There are two sides to using animal testing, which are that using animals has helped us in experiments, making us able to test on living subjects without using human volunteers, and that animal testing is abusive, cruel and unnecessary because of the other resources we could use, being that animals are different from humans.
Procon.org reads, “If vaccines were not tested on animals, millions of animals would have died from rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, infectious hepatitis virus, tetanus, anthrax, and canine parvovirus.” The main debate over testing on animals is that people want the animals’ well being to be taken care of. It is understandable that some will sympathize with them however, if their goal was to keep an animal healthy then the best option would be to let the animal be tested on so that it can be cured. Taking away animal testing will also take away an animal’s last option in surviving. There is an argument that the animals will not be taken care of because they must go through inhumane acts in order to be tested and they would never benefit from testing.
Bill #2 General Debate Pro- I am in strong support of this bill because animal testing is a dated and cruel method. The anatomic, metabolic, and cellular differences between animals and people make animals poor models for human beings. The entire concept of animal testing is based on the fact that the discoveries found when an innocent animal is tested on can be applied to human beings. Thomas Hartung, Professor of evidence-based toxicology at Johns Hopkins University, argues for alternatives to animal testing because "we are not 70 kg rats.”
If some countries have come up with the idea to take care of animals and have made even groups and organizations against animal abuse why do, they inhumanly abuse animals for testing. Experimental tests on animals its something unessential, and what if results are erroneous and in animals works perfect and on human results badly. As well, we know that the human body its pretty similar to an animal's body. Some doctors say that animal testing can slow down he results for a research or for a product.
Animal Experimentation for Medical Development The use of animals for medical research has been around for centuries, it is not a new concept and there is a deep passion for and against this practice. This topic intertwines a great deal of emotion and facts, which takes solid evidence to distinguish between the two. There is the scientific view and the view of ordinary people who challenge the morality of animal experimentation.
Some alternatives to animal testing are doing vitro testing(In Testing | Alternatives to Animal Testing and Research), genetic testing, microdosing-humans receiving small doses of drugs-, MRI and CT scans, etc.(In Testing | Alternatives to Animal Testing and Research) Others have thought otherwise because it has created some great medical breakthroughs. Such views are misguided because so many animals are harmed horribly and there are so many more ways that we could find cures Animal testing is cruel, unnecessary and should be banned. Sure, there are some diseases that get cured, but in the five years of testing, millions of animals die. There are scientific ways we should be able to find cures with from all the years and money spent on improving science.
The scientists and doctors treat the living beings with such disrespect, ignorance, and cruelty. They treat it as if it is a test object, but not a living being. Also, animal use cannot always be reliable and accurate. For example, many drugs that appear safe and effective in animals fail in humans, or cause significant harm and sometimes even death. A 2004 study from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration found that 92 percent of drugs entering clinical trials following animal testing fail to be approved.
Animal Experimentation is a large controversial topic across the United States because of the harm forced upon innocent animals for the benefit of mankind’s health. The use of animals in laboratories is a common occurrence in the medical field, cosmetic industry, and in clothing production. Animals are used in experiments to test the safety, durability, and quality of many everyday products. In order to end these unethical testing methods, society must be informed of the harsh realities that include wasted profit due to expensive testing, unnecessary procedures that lead to inaccurate results, and the mental and physical abuse inflicted upon these innocent animals.
(Rethinking Humanity: The Chimera Debate) Human chimera upsets many religious groups because of the inhumane treatment of animals. This also questions our human dignity. Another reason is because chimeras raise scientific problems. One article says, “A chimera provides the perfect
Moreover, cloning as a whole can even help the world from a preservation perspective. Through cloning, scientists can help save endangered species by creating genetic replicas that can contribute to multiplying the species, driving it away from extinction. Countering all those cloning positives, however, is the endless list of arguments against cloning. It goes against Darwin’s “survival of the fittest” theory, making it an unnatural process. It interferes with the cycle of life; it manipulates death, playing a God-like role.
In this circumstance many animal lovers are always worried about animals that are being killed due to animal testing. Yes, there are other alternatives such as using a human’s cell, computer models, etc. instead of killing animals. Also, animal testing is not always reliable and can’t predict how a human will react once being used on. But animal testing helps out everyone, whether people like it or not. Without animal testing people wouldn’t be surviving out in the streets for too long with so many diseases around the corner.