In late 1942, the US decided it was time for them to take action in the war and do something to stop it. Three years prior the scientific community some how discovered that the German scientists learned how to split an uranium atom. Everyone was soon scared at the possibility of German scientists using that huge amount of energy to produce a bomb capable of massive destruction. Our well known scientists Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi escaped from nazis. They both agreed that the president of the United States needed to know about the dangers that the Germans could cause.
The United States 's utilizes a policy of assured destruction as a means of deterrence. The American defense maintains a true and credible ability to requite any nuclear attack in greater and more devastating force. This policy is meant to assure the aggressive entity that a nuclear attack on the United States, whether it be its military, industry, or its society, would equivalent to “suicide”. The United States wants to maintain an upper hand against other nations with nuclear potential by maintaining that no such nation would have a superior “first-strike capability”. First-strike capability is not just defined as a nation’s ability to make a deadly strike first, but it also refers to that nation’s ability to eliminate their enemy’s second-strike forces.
The letter opens with a strong introduction that indicates the dangers posed to the American nation as a result of the discovery of the atomic bomb, and its subsequent placement into the hands of the American military. The author then explains that the atomic bombs were useful in case America was at the threat of being attacked by the same weapons, but the phase of war then, did not favor the US using atomic bombs on Japan. Szilard recommends alternatives that should be pursued and that America reexamines its position on the use of atomic bombs. Finally, Leo gives out reasons why it would be a bad idea for America to attack
Could the viewpoints and arguments that were brought up from the scientists made him truly have second thoughts on what to do? Could the critical reading that he did with this letter have made him doubt what the right answer was? Though, the case was strong from Leo Szilard’s “Petition to the President” the United Stated decided it had no other choice but to use atomic power to win World War II and against Japan for their actions against our
In 1945, when it became open knowledge that President Truman and his cabinet planned on using atomic weapons against Japan, a group of scientists who had worked on the project that led to the Atomic bomb, decided to protest. With Leo Szilard in the lead, an appeal was written to the President. This petition asked the President “to rule that the United States shall not, in the present phase of the war, resort to the use of atomic bombs” (Szilard). This letter contained the use of both ethos and pathos in hopes of convincing the President to change his point of view. While the use of pathos and egos was effective, the fact that Szilard was a nuclear physicist would have leant greater credibility to his letter than trying to appeal emotionally
The Japanese were already on the verge of surrendering, so there was no point on dropping the bomb. Also, President Truman could have just shown an image or chart of the atomic bomb, rather than actually going through with the plan. These examples illustrate how the atomic bomb will always be a big controversy, but America was right for dropping the
Unfortunately, the United States was determined to destroy Japan with the powerful atomic bomb. In 1944, the U.S. President and prime minster of United Kingdom made a private agreement to immediately use the bomb against Japan once it was available, “despite the clear indications (as early as 1944) that Japan had little chance of winning.” (Ham 3, History). The atomic bomb was at no means justified. President Truman was informed of the potential damage of the bomb and the United States, clearly, had other less violent options. Yet, they were set on the most harmful choice to claim superiority and demonstrate revenge through the atomic bomb.
World War Two was a devastating moment in the history of the world. Many people died for their belief in a religion, dictators wanting to control the world, and the creation of the new weapons that can be used to attack others. The new weapons, to be more specific, was the atom bomb. The atom bomb had a code name; the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project benefited from extremely intelligent, experienced, and effective leaders.
This residing fear of death will later help him in his speech when convincing the nation that rather than fighting a dangerous war, the world must unite through a “peaceful revolution of hope” (Kennedy). Kennedy then expresses, “remembering on both sides that civility is not a sign of weakness” (Kennedy). Because Kennedy implies that using atomic weaponry shows a “sign of weakness,” he attempts to persuade other countries that peaceful unity is more powerful. Conversely, he argues that physical warfare is not the best decision. Emphasizing the power of atomic weaponry, which creates fear through pathos, Kennedy argues for a peaceful end to the
As World War II came to an end, so would an era. The deafening thunder of the nuclear age was ushered in as two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan, the new weapon being one of most destructive and decisive armaments ever. This new age of cold war was defined by the new nuclear bomb. From peace to conflict, the bomb was ever present in the minds of foreign policy makers all over the world. While created as a weapon of war, the nuclear bomb became the main reason peace was seen at all during the Cold War.
He had written an “open letter” to the United Nations dated June 9, 1950. This letter stated how he thought that countries shouldn’t use atomic weapons and “dangers involved in the technical advances have now most forcibly stressed the need for decisive steps toward openness as a primary condition for the progress and protection of civilization.” The IAEA would later be formed very close along the lines of Bohr 's original suggestion of nuclear power for
“[T]he world was never to be the same again.” (Stein 27) The dropping of the atom bomb on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a monumental event that changed the course of human history. The atom bomb was built and developed to help end World War II and it did accomplish that goal by causing the surrender of the Japanese. (Editors of Encyclopaedia par.7) However, the development and use of the atomic bomb opened an era where anyone and everyone was at potential risk of destruction and the survival of the entire human race held hostage to the disputes between international superpowers. An Atomic Bomb is a weapon, or explosive, cause by a quick release of energy from the splitting of the nuclei. Elements like uranium or plutonium are used in the bomb.
Throughout history, a military stands vital to protect a country in the event of an invasion. With the newly created Atomic Bomb, destruction and warfare enters a whole new light. The Atomic Bomb creates an unbalanced power, allowing one country to strike the other country with greater force than ever seen before. Albert Einstein and Dwight D. Eisenhower, the geniuses of their time, adopt varying views on the state of military in peacetime. Dwight D. Eisenhower states that military needs to stay always present so power stays balanced.