Bowel Cancer Research Paper

1024 Words5 Pages
The latest statistics from the Hospital Authority has shown bowel cancer is currently the most common cancer in Hong Kong. In this year, more than 4800 new cases and nearly 2000 deaths caused by bowel cancer, these numbers are continuously increasing. Research from the Hong Kong Cancer Fund also found that almost 20 percent of bowel cancer happens in both genders. More and more people suffering from this cancer due to the unhealthy eating habit, sedentary lifestyle and familial inheritance. Medical experts believe that this cancer is preventable. Besides, they suggest people should adjust their daily diet in order to eat healthier, maintain a healthy lifestyle and have regular physical check-up.

First of all, unhealthy eating habit such as
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When we drink alcohol, our body converts them into acetaldehyde. It is a toxic chemical that can damage DNA and prevents our cells from repairing this damage. A study from the United Kingdom shows that a 21 percent increase of bowel cancers with drinking more than one standard glass of red wine or half a pint of beer a day, compared to non drinkers or occasional drinkers (The International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2011). The risk of having bowel cancer will increase further if you drink more. Another study was done in China, the result shows regular beer drinkers had a 20 percent increased risk of bowel cancer when compared with non-drinkers or occasional drinkers (Department of Colorectal Surgery at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2015). Both studies show that no matter western or Chinese diet, drinking alcohol is one of the major reasons that cause bowel cancer. We can prevent suffer from bowel cancer by avoid or limit our alcohol consumption. The government should increase alcohol taxes since it is the most cost-effective way to reduce alcohol consumption and the resulting harms, particularly among young…show more content…
Sufficient evidence indicates 12 percent of bowel cancer deaths are attributed to smoking (Fatima and Haggar, 2009). Having 40 cigarettes per day can increase 38 percent to suffer from bowel cancer, the risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked each day. Therefore, current smokers have higher chance to have bowel cancer while comparing to people who have never smoked. Cigarette smoking is important for formation and growth of adenomatous polyps, the recognized precursor lesions of bowel cancer. The research also demonstrates an earlier average age of onset incidence of bowel cancer among people who smoke cigarettes. Only stop smoking could help to prevent suffer from bowel

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