The Pros And Cons Of Capital Punishment

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Capital punishment, also referred to as death penalty or execution, is punishment by death. 103 (53%) countries have completely abolished the death penalty while 6 (3%) countries retain this punishment solely for special circumstances, such as war crimes. A total of 86 (44%) countries retain the death penalty, 50 (26%) of which haven’t executed anyone for at least 10 years or are currently under a moratorium. However, if the individual was under the age of eighteen when committing the crime, execution of said individual is prohibited by international law. Only the countries of Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan carry out such executions. Despite the majority of countries having abolished capital punishment, over 60% of the world’s population live in China, India, Indonesia, and the United States of America, the four most populated countries in the world, where death penalty is retained.

In the past, capital punishment was practiced by most societies to punish criminals and political or religious dissidents. Torture often accompanied the death sentence, and executions usually took place in public. The execution methods used were quite violent, gruesome, and painful for the convicted individual. Examples of such methods are boiling, in which the individual is immersed in a boiling liquid (water or oil), premature burial, when the individual is buried alive, and immurement, where the individual is kept in a confined space with all exits secured and left to die of either starvation

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