Study design is divided into three different categories: exploratory, explanatory and descriptive. Exploratory research is usually ahead depth study of the problem. The results of Exploratory research give possibility to clarify of purpose, hypothesis, objectives, questions, their formulation for future researches. Descriptive studies are used to systematically obtain information about a certain social phenomenon. Explanatory research not only describes the elements of the phenomenon or process being studied, but also allows to identify and explain the relationship between elements and causal relationships (Yin,
For the last decades, this experience experience was gained all over the world. In this research I investigate the key differences between qualitative and quantitative researches as well as the reliability and validity of both methods. Qualitative research The qualitative research is commonly used when researcher needs to get consumer’s opinion or feeling about a product or service. The reason for that is simple as using this method you it is possible to get subjective data. It’s a good start especially when there is no need for mathematical data that must be gathered.
Case studies may be prospective, and cases fitting the investigation are included, as they become known to the report. Or they can be retrospective, where cases from older records are used and included in the study (Boundless). The main advantage of a case study is that it gives one a chance to study a real-world problem in detail from many different viewpoints. For this case study one can use library research, interviews, questionnaires, observation, diaries, historical documents, or current documents (UEfAP). A typical case study often does not have a lot of information to begin.
Introduction: Recognition: Recognition is an act of identifying or recognizing something or someone, recognition has some different means: first it’s an action of intelligent apprehension, sometimes it’s hard to recognize, but when we recognize something we understand that we made a mistake. Second recognition is a form of acknowledge such as when you see someone from a place and recognize him or her. Third it is an act of identification or regarding other being, such as when you recognize someone’s place and location which its attainment or rights. Different efforts have made to defining precisely what is and it is not, to show the act of recognition. This case shows the recognition means: if you have 4 point which it’s A B C D, point A Taking
From past to present, there has been a wide array of arguments about the implicit and explicit knowledge from many aspects of language related fields. The three different articles from various perspectives will be examined and responded briefly by focusing on their points about two knowledge systems. Before getting into details, it should be declared that it is common idea that whereas the declarative knowledge, explicit one, is related with the question of knowing what, occur without awareness, and necessities the ability of verbalizing; procedural knowledge, implicit one, has features of knowing how, having intuition and the ability of using the knowledge. Initially, the article of, Automatization, Skill Acquisition, and Practice in Second Language Acquisition, by Robert Dekeyser and Raquel Criado mainly focus on the systematic practice by getting into details about explicit and implicit knowledge, the process of automatization and showing how all these elements are associated in each other. Their fundamental point is that what should be concentrated on the language learning is to associate the forms and meanings.
The case study design is a method of studying a phenomenon intensively over time within its natural setting. It utilises several methods of data collection, such as observations, interviews, and secondary data. The case study design employs and infers about the phenomenon of interest. It can also be employed in a positivist manner for the testing of theory testing or in an interpretive manner for building new theories (Bhattacherjee, 2012). Case study designs have several unique strengths over other research methods such as experimental and survey research.
Another one is that there are several similar names for roughly the same idea. A third one, which, maybe, is the most severe, is that there are many vague descriptions and few definitions of what TQM really is. In this paper we will discuss some of the problems with TQM and describe and discuss our own view of TQM as a management system consisting of the three interdependent
According to Williams (2007), research is sometimes erroneously regarded as the gathering information, documenting of facts, and rummaging through previously collected data for information. Contrary to this opinion, research is the process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data in order to understand a phenomenon (Leedy & Omrod, 2005). Therefore, the researcher needs to be able to argue convincingly that new knowledge that is valuable has been added to the body of knowledge ( Sekaran , 2003). However, according to Sekaran (2003) research can be defined as, “an organized, systemic, data- based, critical, scientific inquiry or investigation into a specific problem, undertaken with the objective of finding answers or solutions to
In general, information does has two clear-cut characteristics which is easy to use but hard to define (Birchler & Bütler, 2006). Information is easy to use because it does not limit the users’ rights and no one can prevent someone from using the information. For example, the information we obtained to complete the project task were mostly from the same sources as the others but this does not exclude someone else from using it when it has already been used. On the other hand, information is hard to define as it refers to the objective knowledge but also can be expressed as a subjective belief (Hirshleifer & Riley, 1992). For instance, most of us using the same source of information but the way we interpret it as a knowledge and express it in our writing is non-identical.
Whatever attempts we made, were gently rebuffed and taken down. There was hence a need to apply our ideas in an environment where we could resemble a workplace, and yet be easily monitored. The studies and opinions collected were gathered by the group members themselves in the most objective manner possible, even though the evaluation at this stage of norming is probably a bit premature. Not to mention the biases that might have crept in and the very tiny sample size we took. But we did not need a large sample size to prove that personality tests hold in most cases.