The Pros And Cons Of Child Trafficking

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Child trafficking has been a serious problem plaguing the world and it is still ongoing today. This essay, however, will be focusing on forced child labour. Child labour explained by the ILO’s (International Labour Organization) Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, is the exploitation and “enslavement of anyone under the age of 18. Any work deemed to be harmful to the health, safety or morals of the child is considered to be child labour” (Child Labor, 2014).
Globally, as of 2012, report from ILO shows approximately 20.9 million people are in forced labour with 26% making up of children aged 17 years and below. Now it stands at 168 million children and more than half of them are doing hazardous works like in the agriculture industries. Child
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This is already violating the ILO Child Labour Standards (Child Labor and Slavery in the Chocolate Industry, 2014). Furthermore, many live in poor conditions with no one to care for them and they are forced to hunt for food by themselves. Those who attempt to leave are beaten. In addition, they are exposed to chemicals like insect spray without wearing any protective clothing. The fact that these children have to work the whole day with almost no rest, they thus have no opportunity to attend school and experience childhood. They are treated as slaves with their well-being totally not being cared for and basic human rights…show more content…
There is the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) consisting of industry protocol which was explicitly established to end child labour and it was signed by major partners in 2001 with the ILO, labour, NGO and consumer organizations (International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), 2005). This act as a platform for intensive, ongoing consultations between these parties and ILO and IPEC to come up with campaigns and projects to eliminate this problem. For instance, they engaged in a large-scale programme known as the West Africa Cocoa and Commercial Agriculture Project to Combat Hazardous and Exploitative Child Labour (WACAP) which helps to raise awareness on the issue, to the families and communities in Africa and also send these working children for educational and vocational training facilities (International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), 2005) so that they can be rescued and have their lives rebuild. Furthermore, a child labour monitoring system is being carried out not only in Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire but also the Asia countries like the Philippines and Vietnam so as to ensure tighter security and reduce exploitation. At the same time, research is ongoing to know deeper about the safety and health hazards these children faced thus enabling organisations to come up with effective policies. The UNICEF also calls for a child

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