The American Revolution lasted six years and the impacts of it were everlasting(Schultz, 2010). The effects were felt by every group of people in North America and many worldwide. Even though George Washington had all of his troops vaccinated against smallpox, the colonists were not so fortunate and as a results some estimates are that as many as one hundred and thirty thousand people died from this dreaded disease. This loss of life combined with the divisions among the colonies into those loyal to Britain and those who wanted freedom would forever change the way of life for the colonists.
Native Americans flourished in North America, but over time white settlers came and started invading their territory. Native Americans were constantly being thrown and pushed off their land. Sorrowfully this continued as the Americans looked for new opportunities and land in the West. When the whites came to the west, it changed the Native American’s lives forever. The Native Americans had to adapt to the whites, which was difficult for them.
SOUTHWEST SETTLEMENTS The Southwest was home to many cultures, some forced, and some created. Although there was quite for many years for the local Native Americans. Spaniards took over and controlled much land to create much of what is left today. But not only were Native American’s controlled, land was formed and taken as well.
European exploration of the West began in 1500 and continued to flourish for over three centuries. While colonizing this new land, Europeans first came into contact with the native peoples. European religious views, gender roles, and land ownership shaped their interactions with Native Americans. The English, for example, practiced Christianity, while the Native Americans possessed a more spiritual and animalistic religion. Native American societies were heavily reliant on women for not only household duties, but also agricultural responsibilities.
Manifest destiny was almost like a way of life for the American people. It was the idea that something was destined to happen and that it would be better for the people if they followed this instinct. One of the thoughts that they got was traveling West. They thought that it would help them gain more land and become richer. This movement affected many people and places and tribes.
The great herds were not decimated overnight. The slaughter was a gradual process, reaching its full momentum in the 1870s. The Native Americans of the Great Plains had relied upon and hunted buffalo for thousands of years. Without the arrival of the Caucasians—and with them the gun, the horse, and the market for bison products—it seems likely the Indians could have lived sustainably with the bison far into the future.
Throughout the nineteenth century, most white settlers viewed Native Americans as lesser people and who were no better than animals. However, the thoughts about the survivability of Native Americans were in sharp contrast. Many commentators believed that American Indians were unable to evolve to sustain their prehistoric lifestyle and would soon die off. Others thought American Indians were instead able to endure the rapid change and would survive. With rumors and myths spreading rapidly, it became abundantly clear that in the nineteenth century Native Americans were widely viewed as a dying race although there were the occasional reports on the success and survivability of American Indian groups.
Throughout “Are Humans One Race or Many?” , Alfred Russell Wallace asserts that human races, despite initially sharing an ancestry line, diversified due to the unique environments each group resided in. Wallace’s thesis postulates that the environment’s “physical peculiarities” (Wallace 218) and specific “climate, food, and habitat” (Wallace 219) are the underlying influences behind the growth of each race. Wallace believes that as human races fostered physical strength and higher thinking, humanity bypassed natural order and established superiority between human races.
As the violence between the Native Americans and the miners escalated, governor John Evans sent a Voluntary Militia commander named Colonel John Chivington to resolve the conflict with the Indians. The chiefs had pursued to maintain the peace despite burdens brought on by the soldiers and settlers. This encounter involved welcoming those who were pleasant to meet at a happy medium at Fort Lyon in the eastern plains, where their native people would be given requirements and protection by the United States army.
Since their initial encounter with the Europeans in the late fifteenth century, Native Americans have lost a tremendous amount of their beliefs, values, and tribal practices. This loss in social cohesion has been the outcome of the cultural clash, or conflict between cultures, with the colonization of the Americas by the Europeans. The social distinction between the members of indigenous populations and the Spaniards resulted in the formation of new races and religion, which is accounted to be part of the reason for the diversity of culture in the Americas today. Articles such as: “Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico,” “Body and Soul Among the Maya,” “Indigenous Eroticism and Colonial Morality in Mexico,” and “Art and Society in Highland
When the English settlers came over to the Americas they were not expecting to find indigenous people already there. These people were the Native Americans. Over time the English settlers formed one of two relationships with the Native Americans that they encountered. Some of the English and indigenous people became allies and worked together in hopes of benefiting their own society. Other groups of English and Native Americans did not get along and conflict broke out.
European colonialism in Africa was a violent process of exploitation and dominance in the political, social, and cultural sphere of native society. Pop culture music and dance are dynamic social products that provide insight into the shifting sociocultural formations of a society. Through this analysis of pop culture I will discuss the classist social hierarchies established by colonialism and defined power by proximity to whiteness. I will explore native actors’ response to colonial social hierarchies in their alliances or resistance to colonialism and their influence on music and dance styles. Finally, we will evaluate ways in which music and dance are forms of resistance that challenge the status quo in colonial societies.