Existential therapy is more of an idea rather than an independent school of psychology with certain abided rules in therapy such as psychoanalysis or behaviorism. Some key people that contributed to existential therapy are Victor Frankl and Rollo May. Not only is existential therapy an idea practised in therapy, it has also influenced researchers to branch out, developing new theory styles based on the themes of existential therapy. Jacob Moreno, for example, has come up with a therapy style known as psychodrama which revolved around existential themes. He based
Functionalism and Behaviorism Name: Institutional Affiliation: Functionalism And Behaviorism Introduction Psychology is the study of mind and behavior. Since people have varied perceptions and thoughts with regards to this definition, scholars in the past and present have come up with various classical theories related to psychology, all of which are geared to helping people to better understand the different perspectives of psychology and how it impacts the daily lives of humans (Bjorklund & Pellegrini, 2002). In this paper, I will aim to compare and contrast two major schools of psychology that is functionalism and behaviorism and their impacts in the field of psychology. Functionalism can be defined as a psychological philosophy, which considers mental life and behavior with regards to active adaptation to the person’s environment. Therefore, it provides people with the general basis on which they can develop psychological theories that are not readable and testable through controlled experiments and applied psychology.
Instead, the client consciously and rationally decides for themselves what is wrong and what should be done about it. The therapist is more of a friend or counselor who listens and encourages on an equal level. One reason why Rogers (1951) rejected interpretation was that he believed that, although symptoms did arise from past experience, it was more useful for the client to focus on the present and future than on the past. Rather than just liberating clients from their past, as psychodynamic therapists aim to do, Rogerians hope to help their clients to achieve personal growth and eventually to self
With this in mind, machines should be given ethical consideration if they possess certain qualities such as self-awareness and the ability to make moral decisions. So what does it actually mean to be human? Throughout the years, a variety of people have tried to answer this question through scientific research and spiritual practice. Since many different viewpoints were brought up by this issue, it is better to make an effort to understand humans on a deeper level. To enumerate, there are certain traits that sets humans apart from other species.
The authors emphasize the need to strengthen self-sustainability (viability) and minimizing vulnerability as professional psychologists and students of psychological faculties. Key highlights four factors that have the potential to become the basis for a psychologist in the counseling, but also can be a source of serious ethical errors (6, p.7): 1) The desire and the desire to help people is a key motivation when choosing the profession of psychologist. But this desire, leading to excessive involvement in the process, may be the result of departing from the scope of professional interaction and violation of borders, as an example, an agreement to favor the client a small amount of money or consent to an invitation to a personal meeting with
Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT), is a cognitive behavioural therapy and one of the first therapies that deal with thinking and behaviour, not only does it deal with thinking and behaviour, it also deals with; decision making, judging and analysing (Corey, 2014). According to Corey (2014), the grandfather of REBT is psychologist, Albert Ellis. REBT is all about helping the client realize their psychological problems they have created for themselves and assisting the client in realizing their psychological problems by making irrational beliefs into rational beliefs in other words the counsellor is there to help the client create coping mechanisms (Corey, 2014). The essay will discuss REBT, how the therapeutic approaches can assist me
But the term learning is a distinct term in the educational psychology field. Learning is a step by step process of gaining new information and skills. Learning is not obligatory; it is contextual (Schacter, Gilbert , & Wegner, 2011). It does not occur suddenly, but builds on prior knowledge. Thus, learning may be considered as a process, instead of a set of accurate and practical knowledge.
Passive observation has shown to be the fountain of knowledge for many new discoveries in the study of humans, past and present. As an IB Psychology student, I discovered that a significant portion of Psychology relies on gaining knowledge about human behavior through observational methods without any intervention of the researcher. A famous figure in Social Psychology who
One first strength of Gestalt therapy is its view of the client as a unique individual human being (Clarkson & Cavicchia, 2013). Gestalt therapy is based on holism, the theory that states that a person needs to be seen as a whole, emphasizing that the whole is more than the sum of its parts (Tan, 2011). Based on that assumption, no part of a client’s experience is more important than any other part. The Gestalt therapist considers the client’s “feelings, behaviors, thoughts, bodily sensations, dreams, and other experiences” (Tan, 2011) as being equally important. Another influential aspect that shaped Gestalt therapy is the Field Theory by Kurt Lewin (1939).
Psychology is defined as “the scientific study of the mind and behavior” (Introduction to Psychology, 2015). Psychology provides an overview of biology and behavior, sensation and perception, learning, memory, intelligence, language, motivation, emotion, abnormal psychology, and therapy (PSY 102 Course Syllabus, 2018, pg 1). Because psychology allows for a better understanding of how the mind and body work, this knowledge can be beneficial for any field of study or career. The theoretical and practical understanding of the basics of psychology can help with decision-making, critical thinking, stress management, time management, better understanding of others, improving communication, and even achieving goals and objectives, all components that allow someone to be more successful throughout their life. Throughout this course I hope to gain a greater understanding of historical and theoretical perspectives of human behavior and development (PSY 102 Course Syllabus, 2018, pg 2).