Today’s society is one of instants: Instant downloads, instant messaging, instant shipping, instant oatmeal, instant movies, instant gratification. For many, the idea of having the world on a whim is a thrilling human achievement. For others, such as Paul Roberts and Aldous Huxley, this instant gratification is their nightmare. In Robert’s case, he theorizes that humans are designed to work hard and to struggle. By taking away any sort of effort and hardship, humans are being numbed, dumbed down and destructive. Huxley, in his novel Brave New World, sets up an entire society that relying on mass production, mass consumption, and instant gratification. This immediacy and efficiencies creates a world of mindless drone humans skating through life
Ted talk 3 This ted talk don’t eat the marshmallow yet teaches you that if you delay gratification for an even bigger reward you will succeed in life. It is proved that this trait will help you in every single job. At Stanford they did a test on a large group of 4 year old’s with a marshmallow. They left them in a room with the marshmallow for 15 minutes. If the marshmallow was still there, they would get a second marshmallow.
The Socio-behaviorist theory (behaviorism) Socio-behaviorists often study how children 's experiences model their behaviors (Nolan & Raban, 2015). Behaviorism believes that what matters is not the development itself, but the external factors that shape children 's behaviors (Nolan & Raban, 2015). This theory demonstrates that teachers and mentors dominate and instruct child-related activities, and they decide what children should learn and how to learn (Nolan & Raban, 2015). Reinforcement, which is an essential factor that helps children to learn particular behaviors, generally refers to rewards and punishments (Nolan & Raban, 2015). Children are more likely to repeat actions that result in receiving praise; in contrast, they may ignore or abandon behaviors that make them get punishment.
There are three prime areas of development that children learn through: physical, communication and language and personal, social and emotional. Together, the prime areas make up a child’s overall learning and understanding, also known as “holistic development”. When one of these areas are delayed, it tends to have a knock-on effect on the other areas because they all work together to learn and achieve. These prime areas also support the specific areas of literacy, mathematics, understanding the world and expressive arts and design. If there is a delay in one of the prime sectors, you can’t possibly expect the child affected to be able to move through and understand a more advanced, specific development province.
A study from PLOS decided to examine ow multiple social factors come together to influence outcomes. They knew that it was necessary to stop looking at one factor to find a single factor that causes the issue of low academic success or low hopes for the future children in school. They looked at race, socioeconomic status, and gender and how these factors influenced children in school, both individually and together. They wanted to examine how these factors combine to create inequality. They had several outcome factors, such as test scores and self-concept, that helped them see how each piece of identity affected
Then there is the theory of Operant Conditioning of B.F. Skinner and what the public’s view on this theory is and how well it works. Behavior Modification
In “Cooling Down Our Brain,” Jason Peters talked about how researchers proved that self-control can be developed by specific mental exercises. He explained an experiment named “the marshmallow test” and how the result of the experiment showed that children who had self-control became more successful in their lives than those who did not have it. The author further stated that additional research showed that the human brain has “hot” and “cool” areas and everyone can train the “cool” part to control the impulses.
Skinners experiment was standardised and controlled it made the study more reliable because there were no influences from other factors like extraneous variables/confounding variables. This shows that researchers could have compromised ecological validity for other factors that are just as important in psychological
The environment a person was grown is could affect the way he practices delay. Delayed-gratification impacts on the future of a person. In the article “Who Holds the Clicker?”, during the early performance of psychosurgery “the surgery was being used to ‘cure’ everything from mental retardation to homosexuality to criminal insanity” (Slater ). Whatever the society deemed normal was implanted in a person regardless if the problem was a disease or a birth disorder; resulting in a change that was unnecessary. The environment can affect a person’s identity positively or
In the articles “Making Allowance Count: Tips for Raising Children Who aren’t Spoiled,” by Richard Rende and “Why ‘Bribing’ Your Child with Treats doesn’t Work,” by Suzanne Gelb, both doctors explore the “coin reward system.” Each article is different from each other, though. Gelb discusses about not bribing a child with treats for getting chores done. Whereas Rende argues that giving an allowance to a child that does chores is detrimental to a child’s progression.
Next, response feedback influences will also impact the occurrence of such behavior in the future. Lastly, it stressed that cognitive functions are important as well. To prove that same behaviors will be learned by individuals following the action of the models and altering their own behaviors, Albert Bandura conducted a famous experiment, known as the Bobo doll experiment in 1961 (McLeod, 2014). Before the experiment, Albert Bandura made 4 predictions. First, children that observed adult acting aggressively will be more likely to act the same.
If a child grew up surrounded by a positive and encouraging home-life, it can be seen in their better test scores than children grew up in a negative environment. And of course a person’s access to school and educational materials while affect someone’s long-term intelligence (Genetic and Environmental Impacts,