Radiation exposure may result in thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, and hypothyroidism. The risk of radiation-induced thyroid neoplasms is more common after childhood than adult radiation exposure and is, in part, related to radiation dose. High-dose head and neck radiation also increases the risk of hypothyroidism. Low-dose (environmental radiation) exposure may increase the possibility of developing markers of autoimmune thyroid disease, although the evidence for this and developing hypothyroidism are conflicting (Schneider,
In fact, approximately 50% of all cancer patients will go through this type of treatment (4). Delivered in three forms, radiation therapy utilizes beams of radiation targeted at tumors to treat cancer. The first X-ray was invented in 1896 by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, and just three years later, radiation was used to treat cancer (2). Originally, treatment involved low voltage diagnostic machines and radium, but scientists soon found that daily doses of radiation over the course of several weeks improved the therapy. In the beginning of 20th century, scientists discovered that in addition to treating cancer,
ABSTRACT Objective: As the peptic ulcer affects 2-10% of the population and is gradually affecting more of the young as compared to the old so a study was designed to identify the factors associated and look for the complications and incidence of peptic ulcer perforation in young adults. Methods: Patients of either sex between 18-30 years of age diagnosed of peptic ulcer perforation (gastric or duodenal ulcer perforation) failing to respond to medical therapy, admitted on an emergency basis were included into the study. Intra-operative findings pertaining to exploration under general anesthesia, release of free gas as the abdomen was opened, site and size of perforation, amount and nature of peritoneal contamination present were made note
We take the advantages of these medical imaging techniques in order to detect the abnormalities and the diseases. In the all above mentioned medical imaging techniques the X-Ray imaging techniques is the oldest technique which was invented in 1895, and after that digital imaging techniques are introduced. For the digital imaging CT-scanner and other means are used which gives the real time X-Ray image on the monitor and this technique is very well known as fluoroscopy. Now a days it has become the most rapidly growing technology with its applications in almost every field such as Biology, Astronomy, Medicine, Security, Biometrics, Satellite imagery and many more. It
Cancer can either be the outcome of plain old genetic abnormalities, mutated cells, and prolonged exposure/consumption of certain drugs/carcinogens/any chemical substances. Under a normal condition, our body will produce 100 to 200 cancerous cells every day. When we reach 40 years old, the production of cancerous cells will increase from 3,000 to 5,000 cells. When our immune system does not function well or weaken, these 100 to 200 cancerous cells will gradually grow into 1,000, 2000……4000 cells. And later, these cancerous cells will soon develop into 10000 to 20000 cells, and then from 100000 to 200000 cells.
The information gained from this study will be valuable in directing future policy and budget initiatives in the healthcare sector. The collaborative nature of the study will also assist in building networking opportunities and research capacity among healthcare workers in diverse environments, which will facilitate the development of further research opportunities in the future. Materials and methods An observational study design was used for this study. The study was conducted in medical, surgical, obstetric and orthopedic ward in Hospital Tunku Ampuan Afzan, Kuantan Pahang using convenience sampling method. Data were collected from February to September 2015.
As mentioned in the heading,the intention of this thesis is about diagnosis and treatment of the orbital fracture which my is my interest about maxillofacial surgery .In this thesis I would like to concern more bout the treatment of the orbital fractures. Orbital fractures have a higher occurrence in males especially in their second decade of life. Orbitial fractures are as a result of trauma, and is best chacterised according to age. In adults motor vehicle accidents and sports are common mechanisms of injury . However, In pediatric patients falls and sports related injuries are more common.
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates at least fifty percent of sexually active men and women will contract the human papillomavirus. In females some strains of HPV have been linked to cervical cancer. Pap smears have added the benefit of detecting pre-cancerous cells with causes other than HPV. The usefulness of the detection programs is enhanced by the long latency from HPV infection to
Cholestatic Jaundice, Biliary Atresia Regular blood extraction should be planned to prevent children to be uncooperative in the plan of care. Nursing procedures must be explained well in order to secure the consent from blood transfusions and radiologic examinations. Conversation for possible operation and transfer eventual transfer to surgery ward should be open up. 12. Achalasia Health teachings include radiologic procedures and operation.
Thousands of those who were children and adolescents at the time of the accident have developed thyroid cancer as a result of exposure to radioactive iodine. The majority of those cancers have been treated successfully. Among workers who were exposed to higher doses of radiation this exposure have contributed to an increase in the number of cases of certain types of leukaemia and solid cancers, and possibly of cardiovascular diseases and cataracts. (Ilyin
With the shortage of Radiologists and with the expansion of radiology technology, the need for radiologist assistant has great increased in the past year. Radiologist Assistants are comparable to a physician’s assistant. Both of these jobs assist doctors in performing advance medicine. According to the American Society of Radiologic Technologists, radiologist assistants are registered radiographers who have additional education and certification that qualifies them to serve as radiologist extenders (IN TEXT). The extra education allows a higher pay scale and qualified to perform more procedures.
The embryo might not have malforming effects, but would receive lethal effects. Normally the only time a mother would make a decision based off of whether to receive certain amounts of radiation during the treatment would be if the mother was in danger. Brent confirms, “ Pregnant women can receive radioactive materials for different treatments, which would not hurt the fetus” (“Pregnancy and Radiation”). Doctors advise the mothers to be very
There is the American Academy of Professional Coders (AAPC) and the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA). The AAPC was founded in 1988, their goal was to provide education and professional certifications to physician based medical coders. They currently have a membership base of over 154,000 worldwide, 107,000 of which are certified. AAPC credentialed coders represent the best in the medical coding career field. AHIMA is now serving over 52 affiliated component stated associations and more than 101,000 health information professionals.
The government should make it mandatory to get vaccinated, because it can help prevent someone from getting sick, keep the illnesses from killing people, and to help prevent diseases from being spread to others. A vaccine is “a product that produces immunity from a disease and can be administered through needle injections, by mouth, or by aerosol” ("Basics" 1). The vaccines make it so you don’t get certain diseases, and keeps you safe from getting sick. They are a good defense against dangerous, preventable, and contagious diseases ("Basics." 1).
The United States spends the most money on healthcare than any other country, however the healthcare related results are almost non-existent. Growing healthcare costs continues to surpass the growth of the United States economy, and has been reliably doing so since the 1970’s.The results of the continuous rising healthcare costs jeopardize the economic well being of millions of individuals, families and businesses. Before the implementation of Affordable Care Act, forty million Americans were estimated to be uninsured. The strategic aim of universal health coverage is to ensure that everyone can use the health services they need without risk of financial ruin or impoverishment, no matter what their socio-economic situation. The Affordable