The Oligarchy Oligarchy is defined as the type of government where the rule of the government is in the hands of a few. The word comes from the Greek terms oligos (meaning a few) and arkhein (meaning to rule). Around 1100-800 B.C.E, a small group of people started to share power and rule in a couple of Greek city-states. This power was mostly shared amongst the aristocrats, who had a lot of wealth inherited from family. As time moved on, even this type of arrangement changed into a type of system where power vested in the hands of a few selected wealthy people.
An oligarchy is a type of government in which a very small group of people, determined by nobility, religiousness, or any other criterion, held the power and ruled the populace of the country or, in case of Greek, the city-state(Carr, 2017). The social, economic, and political changes in city-states kept showing and demonstrating the flaws in these ruling systems, and so city-states tried, or better yet,
After his death he would be succeeded by his eldest son, the prince. If there was no successor, his military advisors would usually battle amongst each other to ascend the throne. Monarchies eventually disappeared from Greek rule, and was replaced by a different system where a small group of people shared power and ruled as a group. The Aristocracy Aristocracy comes from the Greek words aristos (meaning excellent) and kratos (meaning power). Aristocracy is the type of government which put power in the
Forms of Government: Monarch, Aristocracy, Oligarch, Democracy, and Tyranny Introduction In ancient Greek political systems, there were different forms of government, such as Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and Tyranny. In this essay, we will illustrate, compare and contrast these government forms. Monarchy is an old form of government; a monarch, such as a king or a queen, rules a kingdom or empire. In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch's power is limited by a constitution, but in an absolute monarchy, the monarch has unlimited power. Aristocracy, which was the combination of Greek words “aristos” means "excellent", and “kratos” means "power" (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989).
3. Compare and contrast the idea of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Which system was more democratic and why? Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts.
(n.d)). In this essay, i will compare and contrast ancient Greek’s various form of governance ranging from Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Monarchy Greek city –States practiced monarchies form of government, this is a type of government ruled by a single person, usually the king with the help of council of advisors and his powers were hereditary, the king has absolute power and citizens have no say in their governments. He usually retain his political power for life and his eldest son ( the prince) succeeds him on the throne. Notable monarchies in Greek city-states were those of Epeiros and Macedonia, where the king shared power with the assembly.
Monarchy, tyranny, aristocracy, oligarchy and democracy are all forms of government the ruled the different polies in Ancient Greece. Monarchy as a form of government in Ancient Greece was the idea that a successor from a line of leaders and men in power could rule over the land. In the Greek world, however, monarchies were rare and were often only distinguished from a tyranny when the hereditary ruler was more benevolent and ruled in the genuine interest of his people
So, the question is, how did democracy in ancient Greek look like? Beck (p. 147) explained that democracy can stand for a constitution which is opposed to tyranny, or in the sense of modern scholarship, “a constitution which is based on a very high degree of popular participation”. Rabb and Suleiman, in their research, mentioned that democracy means “a political constitution based on rules that confer the power to take collective decisions to a (more or less) large number of the members of the group and respect basic liberal rights” (Rabb & Suleiman, 2003, p.23). Therefore, it can be understood that democracy is a government ruled collectively by the citizens, in this sense, those who are empowered with the rights to citizens in the city
There are other forms of political systems apart from democracy that have been used before and others that are in play till today. They
Monarchy Monarchy which is a system of governing that power is sovereignty held by a single person was not very popular in Ancient Greek but was practice by some city-states. The most popular monarchies were those of Mecedonia and Epeiros and the