According to Ottaviano and Peri it is a broad concept that has captivated the interest of both economists and social scientist (2006). In order to understand cultural diversity one has to first understand culture and diversity. Culture is described by Lequerica and Krch as a learned system, of attitudes, values and beliefs shared by a group of people which can include race, religion, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, disability status and age (2014). Whereas Ely and Thomas describes diversity as a trait of groups of two or more people and normally refers to demographic differences of one sort or the other among group members (2001). The focus of this paper will be the social and economic benefits of cultural diversity in the society today as a result of immigration.
In other words, immigrants bring with them high levels of human capital, and as such, they can more easily employ that human capital in the labour market compared to other countries. On this point of view, the presence of the multiculturalism policy contributes nothing to the successful integration of immigrants and minorities in Canada, and may in fact impede it (e.g., Goodhart 2008). However, there has been new research which has helped to clarify the role that the multiculturalism policy plays in the broader processes of minority and immigrant integration. This research on the effects that are brought by multiculturalism has evolved at two broad levels:
Many a nation has been built upon diversity, a shining example being the relatively small island country of Malaysia. Within the small confines of this piece of land, varying individuals, all from different walks of life, go through their daily lives interacting with one another, getting acquainted with one another, and being intimate with one another. These interpersonal and intercultural relationships shape and mould the mindset of a person for the better, typically causing the individual to be more tolerant and accepting of others which makes the basis for social harmony to be established. Thus, there is no doubt that harmony within diversity must be nurtured and cherished. However, what does this statement actually mean?
The multiplicity of cultures in a multicultural society enriches the cultural space, but it can also cause controversy, and even a violent conflict. Understanding other cultures helps people to easily adapt to a new environment to live and work with people from distinct cultures. A very positive attitude towards people from different cultures and entering into relations with their representatives is significant because
In this age where technology is at its highest point in human history, the world has never been so connected yet separated before. As the result of the segregation of cultures and people, the world as of now stands divided. Countless wars have been waged over the clash of ideas and methodologies, and all of this stems from the inability of humanity to accept that we are all, simply put, just humans in flesh and blood. The effects of cultural diversity have long been observed and recorded, given that they are very beneficial. Firstly and most importantly, diversity enriches a nation with a melting pot of multiple cultures, which give the country its own identity.
Introduction Our cultural environment is changing and becoming more and more diversified. Cultural diversity is a key requirement for human society, caused by cross-border migration, claims of national and other minorities to a distinct cultural identity, cultural effect of globalization, growing interdependence between all regions of the world and the advancement of information and communication media. More and more individuals living in normality ' multicultural ' and must manage multiple affiliates their own culture. Cultural diversity is also economic, social and political plus, which needs to be developed and well regulated. On the other hand, increasing cultural diversity brings about social and political challenges.
Cultural encounters occur in a society that has been over crowded with people from different countries due to migration, war, economic recession. The most important part has been played by colonization because of which people from different cultures has flocked Europe and America. Due to which most of the European countries have become a home of immense variety of minority cultures. The reason to this is because when certain group of people settles in a new culture they try to adopt it and also attracts the host nation to adopt a bit of theirs. We can see many multicultural societies in Britain, France, and Belgium etc.
Transculturalism takes a step ahead of the traditional theories of multiculturalism and interculturalism, as it transcends the constraints of the conventional conception of culture. It is characterized by cross cultural associations, fusions and convolution leading to the formulation of a novel cosmopolitan culture. Transculturalism transcends cultural borders and emphasises the unification of varied cultures; it acts as a unifying force of cultural diversity, which not only brings together, different cultures but also creates a new common culture. Instead of emphasising the differences between cultures, transculturalism brings out the similarities and the common aspects that cultures
The policy objectives for multiculturalism program focus on building an integrated, socially cohesive society and making institutions more responsive to the needs of Canada’s diverse population. Finally, inclusive citizenship is emerging as 21th century goal not only for multiculturalism policy but also for Canadian social policy as a whole (Richmond, 2005). The positive impact of multiculturalism policy Multiculturalism policy supporters counted that it stimulates integration through mitigating obstacles to participation in Canadian life . when compared to many other countries that do not possess an official Multiculturalism policy , it is evident that Multiculturalism policy has placed an indispensable role in the successful integration of ethnic and religious minorities and immigrants in Canada ( kymlicka,2008; kymlicka,2010) . From the example of success provided by kymlicka, ( 1998;2010) that are worth ******** : The high level of acceptance and reciprocal idealifieaion between native Canadians and immigrants .
This means that countries with wide range of languages, cultures and knowledge have access to more varied ones than countries with the opposite features. So, such «rich» societies have more creativity, divergent thinking and cognitive flexibility. Furthermore, education leading to high levels of plurilingualism produces and increases not only local linguistic and cultural capital but also knowledge capital that will be exchangeable to other types of capital in the information society (Skutnabb-Kangas, 2002). The pros of diversity (considering migration) can be traced in the context of the labor force. In one of the case studies throughout Holland, improper management of diversity caused the negative impact on communication between and inside business teams.