Additionally, in that period workforce involved in agriculture dropped from 75% to 43% in England, while in France and Germany dropped from 75% to 61-64%. Because of the relation between productivity and urbanisation, England is the leader in terms of the agricultural productivity, with levels twice as high as those in Europe. It is evident that the most important factors in the process are increased productivity on farms and the growth of urban population. However; a question is: which one
The number of low birth weight babies is concentrated in two regions of the developing world: Asia and Africa. Seventy-two per cent of low birth weight infants in developing countries are born in Asia where most births also take place, and 22 per cent are born in Africa. India alone accounts for 40 per cent of low birth weight births in the developing world and more than half of those in Asia. There are more than 1 million infants born with low birth weight in China and nearly 8 million in India (2004). Latin America and the Caribbean, and Oceania have the lowest number of low birth weight infants, with 1.2 million and 27,000, respectively.10 According to a study by the Ministry of Health of the Union Government, 30 per cent of the infants born in India were Low Birth Weight Babies, 10 per cent were less than 2 kg, three per cent weighed less than 1.5 kg, and 0.7 per cent weighed less than one kg.
The prevalence of low birth weight is highest in the South Asian region. India, the most populous country in South Asia accounts for 40 percent of low birth weight babies in the overall developing world (UNICEF 2004). In most cases, the birth-weight of babies is not measured in India because majority of births taking place outside the
At the very least, the average proportion of women in parliament increased by nearly 100 percent during the last 20 years, yet this still translates to one woman for every five men. There is a forty five percent reduction in the maternity mortality ratio worldwide since 1990, though most of the reduction occurred since 2000. A 64 percent reduction in maternal mortality ratio in Southern Asia between 1990 and 2013, and 49 percent in sub-Saharan Africa. A 12 percent increase in the number of births assisted by skilled health personnel globally in 2014 compared to 1990 – 59 percent to 71 percent which reveals that more people are trained on do the appropriate things during pregnancy delivery and to call for help as the need arise. An increase in the percentage of pregnant women getting four or more antenatal visits in North Africa from 50 percent in 1990 to 89 percent in 2014.
Demographics is the most important. In terms of age, young people are much less likely to vote than older ones. From 1972 to 2012, citizens of 18-29 years of age turned out with a rate of 15-20% less of turnout that citizens 30 years and older. In terms of ethnicity, in 2012, only 48% and 47% of eligible Latino and Asian American voters respectively voted, compared to 64% and 66% of eligible white and black voters respectively. Regarding socioeconomic status, research has shown that wealthy Americans vote at much higher rate than lower socioeconomic status citizens.
D). The observed life expectancy for the U.S in 2016 was 76.5 and 81.2 for males and females, respectively, and their infant mortality rate in 2016 was at a very low 5.8 deaths per 1000 births (UNDP, 2016). In contrast, India has a population size much closer to that of China, at 1.3 billion people, and has a GNI per capita of 1,670 dollars (World Bank, n.d. C). Although India is of a lower economical rank, China and India are much closer together in economic status than compared to the extremely high GNI per capita of the US. However, China’s life expectancy and infant mortality rates are significantly better than that of India.
In this year’s Africa’s Transformation forum in Kigali, it was stated “Almost half of the 10 million graduates churned out of the over 668 universities in Africa yearly do not get jobs,” so with Africa’s youth population growing significantly, hopefully to increase by 45% by 2030, imagine the increasing number with no jobs and even more, meaning low income, resulting in poverty. Also, this can be considered as a waste of Africa’s greatest resource, hence Africa is working way below it’s production possibility. The African rising narrative suggests, that Africa is growing, and is basing this growth mainly on statistical figures like the GDP, however this is not an adequate measure because they are developmental problems like poor access to health facilities, poverty , income inequality and high unemployment levels. I believe for Africa to really rise we must focus on economic development whiles experiencing our economic growth. Lastly, we must find our identity and learn to take ownership of what we own, in order to unleash our fullest
As indicated by the United Nations' Human Development Report 1996, the average per capita income of the poorest one-fifth of Americans was $5,814 per year in 1993.While in Tanzania, average per capita income was 580$ per year which is ten time less than that of the Americans . By Tanzanian measures, Americans in that last 20 percent
The Sierra Leone Health and Demographic Survey 2008 reported that 87% of pregnant women had attended antenatal care at least once, only 25% of births were institutional deliveries and 43% were supervised by skilled attendants. This is a surprising result and can only be true if a significant number were attended at home by professionals. The health management information system cannot provide such data. However, approximately 73% of births occurred in rural areas and many of these institutional deliveries were attended by maternal and child health aides who lack the competencies to qualify as skilled attendants. There was an increase in antenatal care visits immediately after the introduction of the Free Health Care Initiative in April 2010.
This is just the official statistics and the actual remittances that take place through both official and unofficial channels are much higher than the official remittances. Remittances through informal channels could add at least 590 % to the globally recorded flows ( World Bank). There is growing evidence that there exists a link between remittances sent to home countries by migrants and child labor. According to the United Nations Population Division’s estimation, in 2010 3 about 214 million people, or roughly 3.1 percent of the world’s population, lived outside their country of birth of citizenship. Neoclassical theory states that people migrate because of poor governance and limited job opportunity in their country and for the search of better job opportunities.
Evidence from 2013 and 2014 minimum wage increase shows that an average minimum wage worker brings home more than a moiety of his or her family 's weekly earnings. In 2013 one million single mothers with children under 18 would have benefited from a minimum wage increase to $10.15. Single mothers are 10% of workers affected by an incrementation but they make up only 5.7 of the overall work force. More than two million espoused men and women with children under age 18 would additionally benefit from an
Women and ethnic minorities make up the largest group earning less than a $15 wage. According to NELP, Women workers make up about 54.7 percent of minimum wage workers. African Americans represent nearly 12 percent of the aggregate workforce, accounting for about 15 percent of the under-$15-wage workforce. Also, Latinos make up 16.5 percent of the workforce, however represent very nearly 23 percent of workers making under $15 an hour. With the workforce so disproportionally represented, these workers with the lowest paying job will greatly benefit from the change.
The working conditions were much better than the working conditions in the South, where they were paid far less in comparison to the North. Salary given to Northern African Americans was on average 50% of the pay of white workers. This is another reason as to why African Americans remained second class citizens. Although their lives were reasonably better in the North, there was still an element of discrimination among the industrial
This also means that since more people will become educated, there will be an increase in home ownership. At a debate about college education, President Emeritus of Northwestern University, Henry Bienan, explains that college will yield a lower crime rate, as well as better health for graduates (Intelligence). The benefits go on and on, and even to the point of stronger, more disciplined communities. All of this because of a higher education. Even if taxes were not cut somewhere else, if the government made it possible to pay for all tuitions, there would be far more stable and healthy communities in the United States of
Poverty does not affect elderly men and women equally. 11.5 percent of elderly women live at or below the poverty line, while only 6.6 percent of elderly men live in poverty. The risk for elderly women to go into poverty only increases as they age. In addition, women ages 75 and up are three times more likely to be in poverty. Elderly people of color are more likely to experience poverty, too, though Social Security does play a role in raising