40, 000 new cases per year for 28 million people in this country while for number of CAD cases for young people which is below 45 years old is increased every year. 95 % of the cases involved men. In general, younger subjects with coronary artery disease have multiple risk factors that tradition to this disease. They also have a different risk profile from the profile of older patients (Chouhan et al. 1993; Hoit et
Each year, an estimated 1.5 million Americans sustain a TBI. As a result of these injuries, 50,000 people die, 230,000 people are hospitalized and survive, and an estimated 80,000-90,000 people experience the onset of long-term disability.17 Population based studies in the United States suggested that incidence of traumatic brain injury is between 180-250/100,000 population per year.12 In Europe, from studies in six countries, an aggregate hospitalized plus fatal TBI incidence rate of about 235 per 100,000 was
Actually, a survey by The New York Times found that about 132,000 of the nation's prisoners, or almost 1 in 10, are suffering life sentences. The number of lifers has almost doubled in the last decade, far outpacing the overall growth in the prison population. This upward phenomenon commenced from the idea of death penalty’s abolition. People who protest applying capital punishment all promote life sentences as an alternative
Over the last thirty years, the prison population in the United States has increased more than seven-fold to over two million people, including vastly disproportionate numbers of minorities and people with little education. For some racial and educational groups, incarceration has become a depressingly regular experience, and prison culture and influence pervade their communities. Almost 60 percent of black male high school drop-outs in their early thirties have spent time in prison. In Punishment and Inequality in America, sociologist Bruce Western explores the recent era of mass incarceration and the serious social and economic consequences it has wrought.
Today in America the homeless account for almost 1.8 million with nearly 44 % of them being men. Disease and mortality are greatest in the homeless, there has “been a 51% increase in the number of patients age 50 or older between 2008 and 2014 (Healthcare).” With these increasing numbers, the growing need for advanced care planning in the homeless is becoming more relevant. The case study that was examined was Paul: No Surrogate. For Paul his situation is becoming more common in healthcare today. Paul does not have a living will or an advanced care plan for his end of life needs.
Over twenty thousand people come to live in Hackney every year and a similar number leave; one third of the population was born outside the UK. Although deprived, the borough has enormous assets in both its physical and community resources. The rate of mental health problems and depression in Hackney is amongst the highest in London. In 2010/11, Hackney Council provided social care services to adults with mental health issues a third of whom were aged over 65. Four out of five of these received community-based services, others were supported in nursing or residential care.
The death rate of patients diagnosed with ventilator associated pneumonia is up to 33%(Halyard, 2015), and higher than the rate of death due to central line infections, sepsis and respiratory tract infections. Furthermore, for each case of ventilator associated pneumonia, the cost of care for each patient increases by $40,000 to $57,000(Sedwick, 2012) and they stay an estimated 4 to 6 days longer in the ICU (Halyard, 2015) as compared to intubated patients not infected with pneumonia. Ventilator associated pneumonia is one of the leading problems amongst intensive care units worldwide and the implementation of a VAP prophylaxis bundle protocol can improve the outcome for mechanically ventilated patients. Throughout this paper, three evidence-based research articles aimed at improving the outcome of ventilated patients are explored.
In 1997 a little less than half of prisoners had committed a part 1 crime (murder, assault, and robbery). An average of “60% of Federal prisoners were serving time for drug crimes serving around 40 months in prison” (Pettit 152). This number seems very high but people in the 1900’s did not commit as many crimes because it was unlawful and people were more respectful. The thought of murder was so rare and did not occur as often as it does today. In the 1980’s there was a drug epidemic of cocaine distribution and that is when the rate of drug crimes increased in the prison system.
This problem is getting worse and worse by the years and even former president Barrack Obama commented- “Over the last few decades, we’ve locked up more and more nonviolent offenders than ever before. Longer than ever before and that is the real reason our prison population is so high.” The United States has imprisoned more than 25 percent of all the prisoners in the world, even though we only have about 5 percent of the world’s population.
In 2013 sleep deprived drivers were responsible for 800 deaths in America. This number is underestimated though. There are up to 1,600 deaths per year caused by drowsy driving. Drowsy driving can be compared to drunk drivers who cause about 11,000 deaths a year. Everybody in here either has their license, has their permit, or is in the process of getting their permit.
This new law caused an increase from an estimated 300,000 to 2 million prison inmates over the course of the last two decades. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) According to Rebecca C. Hatey and Jennifer L. Eberhdt of Stanford University, California holds only 7% of African American population but 45% of California’s prison inmates are African American under the three strikes law. (Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies 2014) Michelle Alexander writes that the mass incarceration of the 1990’s created a new “racial caste system” and extreme funding for the criminal system. (Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos.
Quick Write Essay Mass incarceration is a horrible failure. America has the highest incarceration rate in the world. Even though America is home to about one-twentieth of the population , America has half of the world as prisoners. Incarceration is still high and not lowering no time soon. “ We are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration… Over 2 million Americans live caged… a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years.
There are approximately 350 million individuals living with DM worldwide. In the United States, the rate of T2DM has increased in individuals of AA descent with the prevalence rate escalating in the past 30 years and has quadrupled. AAs above 20 years of age are 1.7 times more likely to be diagnosed with DM than the Caucasians. They accounted for 10.8% of all individual with diabetes (CDC, 2015). A comparison of rates of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus by ethnicity and race disclosed that in 2010 the AAs diagnosed for diabetes were 13.2% of 29.1 million Americans (ADA, 2014).
In the last thirty years, incarceration rates have skyrocketed to four times of that in 1980, with 1 in every 31 adults being under some form of correctional control. (“Criminal Justice Fact Sheet”) The US now houses 25% of the world’s prisoners, despite containing only 5% of the world’s population. (Khalek) Many factors have contributed to this sharp increase in incarcerations, including zero-tolerance policies, and the school-to-prison pipeline and the War on Drugs (“Criminal Justice Fact Sheet”). However, the largest contributors are the prison industrial complex, which targets and criminalizes minority groups, and the dependence of for-profit prisons on inmate count and prison labor. Privatized prisons made a comeback during the 1980s,
In America currently there are about 2.3 million people that are incarcerated. The U.S. accounts for only 5 percent of the entire world’s population yet it holds around 25 percent of those people as the world’s prisoners. That is an astonishing number. Crime rates have grown over the years and don’t seem to be slowing down very much. This alone is a big cause to the debt in America as money gets poured into these prisons in order to maintain them; it is a nightmare.