The Critical Ways in Which Ethnocentrism, Stereotyping, Prejudice, And Discrimination Act As Barriers to Effective Intercultural Communication Ethnocentrism refers to the belief of considering one 's culture as better than the culture of another ethnic group. Stereotyping refers to the various assumptions created by people concerning the characteristics of members of a particular cultural group. Prejudice refers to the judgment made by individuals over past experiences rather than an evaluation of present circumstances.
The cultures which are mistreated are ones that have been abused in the past as well. This distortion of culture is often harmful and offensive, and it a problem that needs a solution. In modern society, culture is an issue that is debated often, as people argue whether the misrepresentation of minorities in media is really a problem that needs to be addressed because many do not realize the harm of it. Erich Hatala Matthes, professor of moral philosophy, says, “Cultural appropriation can often seem morally problematic.
For example if a supervisor discriminates an care worker due to race, religion etc. This can make one gain a low self esteem and self worth. Especially when an individual is too shy or scared to speak up for themselves. Another example of the effect is if a individual is being discriminated against by its client due to one of the many various reasons.
Ethnocentrism occurs when one culture comes into contact with another. It the evaluation of one culture based on preconceived ideas that have derived from the customs and traditions from one’s own culture. William Summer, an American sociologist, believes that an ethnocentrism is “A view of things in which one’s own group is the centre of everything and all others are scaled and rated in reference to it” (Sorrells 2013). This phenomenon can have detrimental outcomes; such as stereotyping and prejudice both of which may hinder intercultural relations and assimilation therefore impacting on societal cohesion.
they can be contained when people are held accountable for their decisions. “(Fact Sheet). Racial profiling dehumanizes societies and is a bias act made by authorities. Using Racial profiling creates tension, especially when people are treated differently because of the way they look. An opposing argument would say that Racial Profiling is needed
Having self-interest is part of being human and “the purpose of morality, she argues, is to teach us what is in our self-interest, what produces happiness”, this sentence also ties with the words “self” and “ego”. Having an ego or being an egoist has its limits, though. People should care for themselves, but also care for others because ego is more of a balance in which one can’t work without the other. The beneficial side of ego is that it “constitutes the essential identity of a human being” (Rand Introduction) but the detrimental side, according to visionlaunch.com, is that it can “completely eliminate objectivity”.
At one moment or the other we have either stereotyped a group of persons (oversimplified ideas about groups of people) or be prejudice in our thinking (thoughts and feelings about those groups), worst still discriminatory toward them (through actions). As mentioned, Stereotypes can be based on race, ethnicity, age, gender, sexual orientation almost any characteristic, such as when members of a dominant racial group suggest that a subordinate racial group is stupid or lazy. In either case, the stereotype is a generalization that doesn’t take individual differences into
This can be imposed by the majority as in the case of laws against miscegenation. This is also problematic to our society because people of the majority can begin to look at the minority groups as even more inferior. This is because as people we do not like people who try to be different then us. Further, this could cause more violence and radicals against both the majority and minorities in
Misconceptions are usually formed from having stereotypes. Everybody has a stereotype that is associated with them, whether they like it or not. Male probation officers is a group that is misunderstood to society. They have multiple stereotypes and misconceptions that are associated with them; theses associations are made up by the offenders or individuals in general. Individuals need a better understanding of male probation officers because not all of them are intimidating.
Throughout this essay, cultural relativism will be questioned, but also supported in some ways. The idea of cultural relativism reminds me of a sociological term--ethnocentrism--that essentially means the opposite. Ethnocentrism is essentially a bias about your own culture against other cultures. One can only see their culture (usually as dominant to the others), rather than attempting to see the perspective of whatever culture is in question. An example of real-life cultural relativism is female circumsition or clitordectomy.
It is the way that we asses and judge ourselves, even though others may not see why we think this way about our own looks or thoughts. This may even be where low or high self esteem comes into play. Having very low or very high self esteem can cause many problems for some people, and can even affect others around them. A negative impact of self esteem that is too high is narcissism According to Life-Span development, narcissism is a self-centered approach towards others. Narcissists do not realize how they are acting or how others see them, which causes even more issues for the person that is a narcissist because they cannot see where they are doing wrong.
It is called a subjective norm, subjective for the individual, the individuals are perceiving that most of your significant others want you to do this or doesn 't want you to. Now you have your own initial opinion about this action and you have the subjective norm (push to or push from), you have own attitude and subjective norm, how does you integrate two things, individuals do that by assigning
Furthermore, stereotyping is a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image and idea of a particular type of person or thing. It is used to categorize a group, in particular a group that one might not understand a certain type of people. Furthermore they classify and categorize this group of people based on race, religion, ethnicity, culture etc. to be fixated on a certain idea. This type of thinking is wrong because you are prejudging someone.
Williams-forson situates her work in the intersection of race; gender and identity arguing that the kinds of food people eat are the key aspects of the cultural identities they are associated with. She draws a comparison in his work regarding the black people’s food preferences and argues that they have been engaged in ideological wars concerning food and race for so long. Williams-forson presents her idea that the cultural aspects of African American people is the key reason why a man should take a big piece of chicken since in most families they are the sole bread winners and are therefore entitled to a large portion of any delicacy cooked in such family. She associates her work on African American food ways with the African cultural heritage