I am going to extend Okin’s claims to the institution of arranged marriages, specifically in the Indian culture. It is important to understand arranged marriages because they perpetuate societal and gender injustices through it’s process. Okin describes the asymmetrical aspect of power in the family and the vulnerabilities of marriage. She claims that women are susceptible to the vulnerability with the anticipation of marriage. “The cycle of women’s
The article, “Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critiques of International Human Rights – Friends or Foes?” by Oonagh Reitman seeks to address how cultural relativist and feminist sees the existence of the international human rights, specifically women’s human rights. The research problem being addressed is the similarities between these two critiques of international human rights and how these two critiques have come to defy one another when it comes to the term of women’s international human rights. The author has made it clear that this is a debatable issue. The cultural relativist argued on the universality of human rights, which contradicts with the statement that human rights are those held simply by virtue of being human and whose substance, form and interpretation are not subject to variations in culture (Donnelly 1989: 109-110).
Internal monitoring may be used when external monitoring of the fetal heart rate is inadequate, or closer surveillance is needed. (15) It’s also an ultrasound based technology, the monitoring is done during pregnancy, labor, and delivery to keep track of the heart rate of your baby (fetus) and the strength and duration of the contractions of your uterus. (16) This is not always a benefit for women and their families.
Abstract- Ultrasound is one of the most popular medical imaging technologies that can help a physician evaluate, diagnose and treat medical conditions. Although ultrasound imaging is generally considered good medical tool but the overall detection rate of Congenital Heart Defects (CHD) using ultrasound image remain anomic. Congenital Heart Defects are the heart problem that occurs before birth. Recognizing Congenital Heart Defects at right time is a difficult task for Physicians due to lack of subject specialists or inexperience with the previous cases or even as the children they can’t express their problem in a proper way. In order to improve the diagnosis accuracy and to reduce the diagnosis time, it has become a demanding issue
There are also emergency C sections - ones that are definitely needed. If the infant’s heart rate seems suspicious during the delivery, the doctors will think that the baby cannot last during labor for so long and perform a C section for safety. Another situation is that if the umbilical cord gets out the cervix first; this means that the baby might not have enough oxygen to be delivered through vaginal birth. If the woman has had a C section already, she should get C section for her new birth because her previous scar might open up during vaginal delivery. C section is also used if the woman has had a surgery on her uterus (1).
Pro-Choice vs. Pro-Life Abortion. The word alone has the power to make a room go still. The popular debate topic has a reputation of provoking aggression no matter where it is mentioned due to its strong relation to people’s rights and ethics, but does it really need further deliberation? Abortions should be kept legal across the United States for a multitude of reasons: they allow people to stay in school and work, largely lessen likelihood of would-be-parents falling into economic depressions, prevent overload of responsibilities to the unprepared, protect women’s rights to privacy, help reduce the number of parentless children, conserve resources, give options, decrease maternal injuries, lower crime rates, and maintain the amount of federal spending on welfare.
Reitman began by showing out that there should be refinement of rights between the woman occupants of holding states and who-are-not-all together reveal the obstruction by social relativist. Reitman strengthens the disputes by giving supporting musings that the method for accord in all-inclusive gathering will weaken the demonstration of women 's human rights as the non-sparing countries sees that holding countries can without quite a bit of an extend escape by not in regards to a given right (1997: 103) subsequently social relativism will effectively engage encroachment for women in sparing
Birth Control & Planned Parenthood: The Pros & Cons According to researchers, “Planned parenthood is one of the nation 's leading providers of high quality of affordable health care for women, men, and young people, and the nation’s largest provider of sex education and birth control.” (Planned parenthood) Birth control and planned parenthood is commonly controversial because people think that birth control and planned parenthood helpful, and it prevents young teens and others from becoming pregnant. Also planned parenthood helps people who are planning to have kids plan for the future of the child and educates people on how to take care of the baby.
There is no need to risk a woman’s health and livelihood by taking away her choice; only the mother-to-be can know her own situation thoroughly enough to make the best possible decision about her future. This is further supported by the nation’s judicial system during the Roe vs. Wade case in 1973 where Harry Blackmun stated that the “fundamental right of single women and married persons to choose whether or not to have children is protected by the Ninth Amendment, through the Fourteenth Amendment.” This court ruling made abortions decidedly legal in the United States, but many women are still being denied the right to terminate their pregnancies. When the ability to choose a safe and legal option is taken away, women that still seek an abortion
During the early 1800’s each state had the right to choose if abortion was legal or illegal. Most states made abortion illegal. Then In 1873 the Comstock Laws, created by Anthony Comstock, were passed. The Comstock Laws made it illegal to sell or distribute material that could be used as a contraceptive or abortion. The Comstock Laws were in place until The Roe v. Wade case of 1973.
You mentioned that mostly half of women of color received all the legal abortions. I just want to add some statistic that Davis explains on her article. During several years preceding the decriminalization of abortions in New York state, 80% of the illegal abortions were involved Black and Puerto Rican women. Also, just you said, immediately afterward, women of color received about 50% of the legal abortions. This is not because they have more freedom or reproductive rights than the white women, but it rather shows how miserable living and working condition they were in.
Rachel Roth begins this article by examining the historical components of reproductive rights and fetal rights in this country. She then explains that the history of the two have created the now issue that women face in around the topic of abortion. She explains that the long struggles of abortion have led to fetal rights. “This idea has served to punish women in nontraditional behavior than to protect their children, while reinforcing the idea that women’s bodies are and should be public property” (Roth, 322). Meaning, the concept of fetal rights has begun to take its own course of action, which in the process has decreased the rights of the woman.
Jane Roe was pregnant and unmarried in the state of Texas in which it was illegal to receive an abortion unless her life is at stake. Roe said she has the right decide whether to have an abortion or not to have an abortion. According to the Court, privacy is important and one of the principal values of the Bill of Rights. C. Vote count 7-2. The Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment did not have the intent to protect privacy, and protect the decision-making of a woman.