For example, if a hedge fund manager generates a 20% return per year, after management fee, the hedge fund manager will collect 4% of those profits, leaving the investor with a 16% net return. In many cases, this is an attractive return despite the high incentive fee, but with more mediocre managers entering the industry in search of fortune, investors have more often than not been disappointed with net returns on many
The average daily turnover in currency derivatives in India which includes (forward and option market) was 25,500 crore in April 2012 and slowly rises up to 41,000 crore in February 2013. Further increase in volume is expected since the foreign institutional investors are allowed to participate in the exchange-traded derivatives segment. The Indian Forex is expected to grow further with positive developments and one can become a positive stakeholder in the world currencies market. Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM): Exchange Rate Mechanism is designed to control the foreign exchange rate with respect of other currencies. Also to normalize the currency exchange rates within a range and to avoid any problem in the market.
The ratio refers to the amount of total net income of a company relative to the dividends paid to shareholders. The dividend payout ratio for Nestlé Company as shown in Graph is quite stable. Nestlé Company is paying a constant percentage of net income in the form of dividend to their shareholders each year under constant dividend payout ratio policy. As the percentage of earnings paid out each year is fixed, it implies that the dividend payout ratio will become more stable. Since the dividend payout ratio in Nestlé Company is over 100 percent, it can be said that Nestlé Company pay more money to its shareholders rather than keep the earnings for other financing purpose.
The diversified products in the year 2012 were ¥4,856 hundred million, kept growing to be ¥6,220 hundred million, in 2015 by the year 2016 the sales revenues were -12% around ¥5,777 hundred million, accordingly the profitability of the company are declining. Again According to Bridgestone business report that “The Japanese yen kept strong in the domestic economy. Notwithstanding, in the overseas there was declining in the tire demand in the mining industry due to the slump in mineral prices, overall many overseas economic remained weak, then showed recovery in the midst of continued political and economic industry, mainly due to the unpredictable circumstance following the United Kingdom`s decision to withdraw from the European Union” (Bridgestone 2016 Business Report for the 98th Fiscal, n.d.). Even under these condition the company keeping its goal to be truly global company and achieving the “Dan-Totsu” in all their Business Aspect. Bridgestone decided to stop producing lower-grade of tires in Japan and switching to producing more of the larger and more high quality expensive tires.
where they can spend a few dollars a day but produce goods worth millions of dollars. Establishment of transnational corporations in developing countries has its own benefits and drawbacks for the host countries Transnational Corporation and Drawbacks In simple terms, globalization is a phenomenon in which companies operate or produces goods and provides services from other countries rather than their own. The concept globalization has created a huge market under the same roof where opportunities and threats lie. In my opinion, the globalization concept was arisen from the human wants, need and scarcity of the resources. Due to globalization, it has made possible of free movement of goods, services, human resources, information, and technologies.
Authors adds threshold values of total credit to the private sector and deposit money bank assets, above which the total effect of remittance on growth is positive. Azam and khan (2011) Running the linear regression of two remittance receiving and same features countries i.e. Azerbaijan and Arminia. They empirically proves that workers remittance are significant for the acceleration of growth in the field of study. Recommending to formulate the policies and encouraging to utilize more efficiently in order to improve society living standard.
The profits after taxation at 1,062 million were declined by 20% (a decrease of Rs. 264 million) from previous year. The reduction in net profits was mainly attributed to an increase of selling, marketing and distribution expenses and increase in administrative expenses. Selling, marketing and distribution expenses were increased by 20% from 3,028 million in year 2012 to 3,635 million in year 2013 (Annual Reports, 2013). The increase was due to significant marketing investment in the Nutritional and Oral categories of the Consumer Healthcare segment, increase of freight costs due to rising sales volume and escalating fuel prices (CEO Report, 2013).
However, import collections grew by 12.9 percent. Using these numbers, one estimate is that the smuggling rate has decreased from 35 percent in 2013 to less than 30 percent in 2014. How did this success happen? In 2013, the National Competitiveness Council created a public-private sector Anti-smuggling Committee that mirrored the Cocas but at much lower levels. Instead of a secretary and undersecretaries as members, an assistant secretary and representatives with position of director or assistant division chief levels came from the DOF, DTI and DOJ.
This rapid growth in the economy has translated into accelerated poverty reduction. According to the World Bank, the poverty rate of Ghana fell by more than half between 1991 and 2012, from 52.7 percent to 21.4 percent. This remarkable reduction in poverty rate places the country on track to reduce the poverty rate in accordance with Sustainable Development Goal 1. Ghana’s performance however compares well with that of other African countries. In the year 2012, the poverty rate in Ghana was less than half the African average of 43 percent, while in 1991, it had been only 10 percent lower than the African rate (Molini and Paci, 2015).
I. INTRODUCTION Africa currently holds the world’s second place in terms of growth with a growth’s rate in the increase of 5% compared to the last twenty years (Triki and Faye, 2013). However, according to the World Bank, although the population living under the threshold of ' $ 1.9 per day’s rate has decreased from 57% to 43% between 1990 and 2012, the number of poor people has increased by nearly 100 million, ranging from 288 to 389 million during the same period (Beegle et al., 2016). Financial Inclusion, defined as the fact of making accessible at lower cost financial services to the more deprived segments of the population, is regarded today as essential to poverty alleviation and achievement of inclusive economic growth. Various studies show that when the individual has access to many financial services, he is able to participate more actively in the economic life by investing in education or businesses creation for instance.