One specific gene is located and copied from thousands of genes, this is called gene cloning. The specific gene may be slightly modified to work in a more favorable way once inside the organism. (AgBiosafety, 2005). Genetically modified wheat is wheat that has an added DNA structure that makes it stronger and able to tolerate herbicides, hostile weather conditions. Wheat is known to be more complex to genetically modify compared to rice or cotton hence the reason why it has a lot of debate around it and not on the market yet.
The damage done by GMOs to the environment might result in the death of these living creatures; due to such effects genetically modified crops should be banned. Some people may argue that the technology used in the production of genetically modified crops helped the farmers when the use chemicals such as pesticides and insecticides when they work. In addition, such chemicals also affect the animals present in farms not just the farmers, so the new technology of GMOs helped living creatures to survive in farms. According to Phipps and park, “In the 1970’s the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimated that there were globally 500,000-pesticide poisonings/year, resulting in 5,000 deaths” (2002, p.2). This shows clearly the danger of the usage of poisonous pesticides or insecticides that the farming of genetically modified crops helps in avoiding the usage of such chemicals, therefore GMOs are considered to be ecofriendly.
The first genetically modified plants – antibiotic resistant tobacco and petunias – were produced by three independent research groups in 1983 (Zhang, et al., 2016). For this reason, the genetically modified foods are agricultural products that are dominant worldwide because of their productivity.
I feel like you should know what a GMO is. I feel this way because of the world around us. GMO’s are the future, and the fact is they might be eating GMO’s every day and not knowing it worries me. In my opinion the company who made it should put a big label on the GM (Genetically modified) food. Because if you don't know and your doctor tells you that you should stay off a GM diet because of a health concern you could be in trouble with heath.
That this process might sometimes provokes allergic reactions, or high level of toxin naturally found it, other people think it is morally wrong to move genes between different species and it won’t be a good choice of vegetarian people and people with religious beliefs. GM maize is the only commercial crop used in the EU, and was grown for the first time in the US and Canada, About 80% of the maize produced in the US is genetically modified. Maize is used for feeding livestock and as raw material for the starch industry, Popcorn, and Cornstarch etc.
But the sprays which were deemed an organic route lasted in higher concentrations within the soil for approximately two-thirds of a year with recommendations of frequent application to the plants. This shocked me! How could you deem something organic when you were using something that had toxins within it at a high concentration? Another commonality within this article is that the non-GMO supporters would literally skew data or use certain research reports that supported their data. Of course, this made GMOs look bad because the data was a form of selective biased.
Genetic engineering is much more precise than conventional hybridization and so is less likely to produce unexpected results. Nowadays the market demands only excellent quality plants even though most of these goods will not be seen while being consumed (vegetables in soup). This trend forced farmers to apply genetic engineering on all crops. Since GMOs are now protected against threats to strong yields, they are now more resistant especially when it comes to having longer life and so on. According to Cornell University in the article “what is Agricultural Biotechnology?” An example for the effectiveness of GMOs are the Papayas that were hit with papaya ring spot virus which devastated the crops by 40 percentage reduction in only five years.
Soybeans are one of the most widely cultivated and consumed crops in the world. Native to East Asia, soybeans have been cultivated for over 5000 years (Wang et al., 2012) and are presently found in every continent except Antarctica. This versatile bean is rich in nutrients and is a suitable soil fertiliser, perfect for human consumption, animal feed and non-food items. Eventually, the emergence of modern biotechnology led to the creation of the first genetically-modified (GM) soybeans in 1996 by inserting a foreign gene into cells to improve quantity and quality (Skogstad, 2011). While proponents hailed GM soybeans as a paradigm-shifting discovery that can combat malnutrition, world hunger and boost farmers’ incomes, critics warned about potential
The Public Broadcasting Service (2001), quoted a paediatric neurologist Dr. Martha R. Herbert who said, “Today the vast majority of foods in supermarkets contain genetically modified substances whose effects on our health are unknown. As a medical doctor, I can assure you that no one in the medical profession would attempt to perform experiments on human subjects without their consent. Such conduct is illegal and unethical. Yet manufacturers of genetically altered foods are exposing us to one of the largest uncontrolled experiments in modern history” Many people also feel that the process of genetically modifying organisms goes against nature and Public Broadcasting Service (2001) considers it as, “To play God”. Arguments posed are that anything that goes against nature is immoral as nature “takes millions of years to effect genetic change.
Genetic engineering can be used to introduce new traits and also have more control over the genetic structure of the food. Genetically modified food was first introduced to the public market in 1994. The first GM food that was on sale was the “Flavr Savr” delayed ripening tomato by Calgene. As of November 2013 no genetically modified livestock products have been introduced into the consumer market, although it has been experimentally developed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetically_modified_food Genetic engineering techniques allow scientists to insert or exchange specific desired genes into an organism much more rapidly.