Hammurabi was born in Babylon which is now modern day Iraq, his father was a king with a lot of power before him. Hammurabi was first only a ruler of a city until he was able to be the king of the Babylonian Empire. Hammurabi divided society to three different classes there were Nobles and rich landowners, Middle and poor social class, and then there were slaves which most of the slaves were P.O.W (Prisoners of War). The code he created separated the
The rate of arrests on account of drunkenness rose 41 percent, and arrests for drunken driving increased 81 percent. Thefts rose 9 percent, and assault and battery incidents rose 13 percent. By the end of Prohibition the number of federal convicts had increased 561 percent and the federal prison population increased by 361 percent from. All American cities experienced increases in crime, with Chicago becoming a prime example of this corruption. Speakeasies, illegal bars that often had their own bootleggers, began popping up all over the city.
Gang Injunctions against Diablos and Westside Gang Throughout the years, communities have been warned and targeted constantly against gangs and their formations. Gangs have expanded in quantity and their influence has expanded in different cities all throughout California. According to the Escondido Police Department, "Gangs can be organized around race or ethnic groups, money-making activities, or territory. Most gang members are male; they range in ages from 8 to 22 years. Young people give various reasons for joining gangs.
Over the last thirty years, the prison population in the United States has increased more than seven-fold to over two million people, including vastly disproportionate numbers of minorities and people with little education. For some racial and educational groups, incarceration has become a depressingly regular experience, and prison culture and influence pervade their communities. Almost 60 percent of black male high school drop-outs in their early thirties have spent time in prison. In Punishment and Inequality in America, sociologist Bruce Western explores the recent era of mass incarceration and the serious social and economic consequences it has wrought.
In, 1899, Al Capone was born, to two poor Italian immigrants, in Brooklyn, New York. Al grew up in Brooklyn, and at an early age began getting involved in crimes. He became an apprentice to John Torrio a notorious gang leader. As prohibition deepened, his involvement in organized crime, became a lot greater. As time went on John Torrio, handed over the reigns to Al Capone himself.
One theory that can explain the topic of Mass Incarceration is that people are being sent to jail more and more for a longer period of time. Also, there is an obvious and high rate imprisonment within the community of color. For many years we have been told that the number one reason for increasing rates of incarceration is due to the war on drugs but in recent years we are learning through statistics that it not just drugs. Legislating has passed many new and tougher sentencing laws over the past 35 years. To explain prison growth, in state prisons 90 percent of prisoners only about 17 percent of incarcerated are due to drug offenses.
Police Brutality is the use of excessive force that is used unnecessarily by police when dealing with civilians. Recently, there has been a widespread of cases involving police brutality. Police brutality cases has been increasing over the years. Every year cases are filed against police: 9.5% city police, 3.5% sheriff officers, 2.9% county police, and 1.3% are state police. A study by the U.S. Department of Justice revealed that in 2002, individuals filled over 26, 000 citizen complaints of excessive force with local law enforcement agencies.
The political debate for and against felon disenfranchisement has compelling arguments on both sides. In the US, over 6 million felons are barred from voting due to laws that prevent felons with a sentence to vote (Chung). The number of imprisoned has been growing over the past 40 years, as the increasing number of imprisoned felons is directly correlated with an increasing number of disenfranchised felons. However, a more jarring statistic reveals that most disenfranchised felons in the United States are of a racial or ethnic minority. Based on information from the 2010 US Census Bureau, about 36 percent of disenfranchised felons are African American.
There are over 2.2 million people incarcerated in the United States. Research by the International Centre for Prison Studies has shown that incarceration percentages increased by more than 500% over the last 40 years. As statistics show increases in incarceration, prison overcrowding has become more of an ever-growing situation in the United States. Prison overcrowding occurs when the rate of people incarcerated exceeds the rate of prisoners released. There are over 17 states that the prison population is higher than the capacity of the facilities designed to hold them.
Immigration has always been a major part of American history. Each year, hundreds of thousands of people travel to the United States in search of a better life. Of the 1.49 million immigrants who traveled to the United States in 2016, 150,400 immigrants were from Mexico. There have also been many people from Mexico who have immigrated illegally to America, with 5.6 million Mexican unauthorized immigrants living in the U.S. in 2015 and 2016. The large scale of immigration, both legal and illegal, has brought up issues such as national security and the U.S. economy.