For queer theory, there is no such thing—gender identity is a fiction, an artificial performative product. But the lived experience of many transsexuals of having a fixed, ahistorical self-conception of being a man or a woman presents a challenge to gender performativity’s theorizations. If transsexuals are socialized like everyone else to be normatively gendered according to the sex they were assigned with at birth, then why is it that they keep on affirming another gender, even if they have not been taught to perform it? This is most evident in cases of young transgender
Gender is not associated with one’s physical constructive, then again, it is far more confounding. It is characterised as “the complex interrelationship between an individual’s sex (gender biology) and one’s internal sense of self as male, female, both or neither (gender identity) as well as one’s outward presentations and behaviour (gender expression), related to that perception, including their gender roles.” Freud pointed out that when we meet a person, the first thing that we notice and establish is that person’s gender. Most of the times, if we are not able to place or establish a person’s gender, it will cause inconvenience to us. Perhaps, this ‘establishment’ is interlinked with the way we behave with the person, which is explained by the gender system, predominant in one’s culture. A gender system incorporates “processes that define males and females as different in socially significant ways and justify inequality on the basis of that difference.” This gender system lays down the guidelines about what behaviour a particular society expects of males and females.
Gay marriage is a controversial topic in the world, 94 out o 196 countries have signed a General Assembly declaration of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender rights or sponsored the Humans Rights Council 2011 resolution on LGBT rights however, only 18 countries have approved the same-sex marriages, this is extremely preoccupying because this shows how terribly unequal we are. People fight for everyone’s right to vote, to study, to have a religious belief or to not have it, etc. However if people have been able to gain this rights, then why is it so different to fight for the right to marry whoever you like? Thomas Paine once said “Whatever is my right as a man is also the
Healthcare is an important access we hold, but an issue is that not everyone can have that access to the healthcare they need. There are many arguments regarding the United States adopting a universal healthcare system. Although the universal system may reduce the quality of care the people receive, there are too many people not able to get any kind of care. Therefore a universal healthcare system would be more beneficial to the citizens of the United States than the limited access of care we have today. The first editorial is in favor of the universal healthcare system.
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW Sexual fluidity and gender fluidity are relatively unfamiliar terms, therefore in this review the author will summarize some of the main studies on the fluidity of sexual and gender identity. This literature review aims to highlight some of the common misunderstandings in relation to sexuality and gender identity. The justification against doing this is to show that identity is not binary or fixed but can include multiplicities and individuals can experience fluidity in attractions or in their self-identity. 2.1 What is Gender Fluidity? Queer theory has defined the differences between sex, gender and desire (Seidman, J., 2005).
Dewey (1995) claims that men’s being more dominant and aggressive than women are not directly connected with biology. According to Dewey (1995), it is mainly because of the gender differences in upbringing. The way a mother treats her
It is striking that complications from unsafe abortion are estimated to result in 13 per cent of maternal deaths worldwide.” The ban of abortion can put many women at risk. The suppression of these services is extremely unfair, and in many ways diminishing the rights of women. Women have been treated as inferior for many generations, with society pushing aside their ideas, allowing them to only act a certain “ladylike” way, and denying them certain, yet important rights. Oscar Wilde, a famous play writer once said “Women are meant to be loved, not to be understood.” Women want to be understood,
This study is trying to find out how Canton-pop act as a social mirror that portrays gender stereotype of women from its product through lyrics. But firstly we have to identify what is gender stereotype; ‘Gender’ is the process of dividing up people and behaviors by their reproductive biological or sexual identities (Chris Beasley, 2005) and stereotypes are the characteristics that widely shared by the general public or socially shared beliefs of what female and male should behave. (Greenwald & Banaji, 1995) It can be recreational, educational, social, emotional, therapeutic, and spiritual (Hays, Bright, & Minichiello, 2002).Identity formation is a key part of human development to set up beliefs, desires and ideas of distinguishing people from others. (Fearon, 1999) Generally gender stereotype has been diverging into two categories --- Feminist and Masculinity, which feminist mostly describes women and masculinity mostly describes men, but now there are more and more neutral stereotypes that available for both men and women. As my studies mainly focus on women, I’ll further elaborate on femininity.
Moreover if these individuals get access to the treatment, because they are poor, they might not have access to a balanced diet which needs to be taken with the pills and this ultimately worsens their health (Sen & Östlin, 2008). The criminalization of behaviour of people can actually limit access to public health services when this should not be the reality. For example with sex work there is a lot of stigma around it, and when women in this industry go to clinic to seek HIV treatment or any kind of contraception, they are usually rejected. When they fall pregnant, they are denied access to clinics that provide abortions and end up going into spaces that carry out unsafe abortions. In many different countries abortions and high maternal and child mortality rates constitute a serious public health problem.
Today many Americans are concern about health care. This includes individuals that have health care coverage and those who cannot afford health insurance. Unfortunately, health care premiums are rising, and coverage is limited. The care and coverage we are receiving as individuals is poor and it has become a sensitive topic in our country today. While the Affordable Act was meant to increase the quality of care individuals receive and to increase the number of individuals insured, today healthcare is not what it was meant to accomplish.
Reno she states how the different bathroom bills were rejected and put to vote. “The bill would allow transgender people to use the restroom which they would identify themselves as.” For it to come down as a law or bill shows how much the members of the LGBT community are seen as aliens to others. There was also a thought of having paperwork to use the restroom as well. Agreeing with Edith if it was an emergency to use the restroom and the paperwork wasn’t on the person they would have to “try to prove it or hold it,” which is ridiculous. Gender neutral bathrooms are a hot and cold situation meaning that because someone trans can’t use the restroom they identify as they have no choice but to use a gender neutral restroom.
Society has a very black and white view of gender. If you have male genitalia you are a man and if you have female genitalia you are a girl. This view was harder on transgender people because they were either not accepted as whom they identified as or were degraded because of their sexuality. However, there are some transmen who transition after giving birth or are in the process and these views are the hardest on them. In Transparent Rosskam shows two different viewpoints of transmen that give birth: some who are completely unhappy and uncomfortable during their pregnancy and some who form a motherly bond with their children.
The civil rights movement and the right for the LGBT to marry one another are similar but also extremely different. Often we try to relate one event to another to try to heighten the importance of the current topic of debate. Doing this can often devalue the importance of a past event making it harder for the newer generations to relate to it and understand it. The reason why they are similar is because it is a group of people seeking equality that the majority of society already has. They are also similar because the group they hold ties to had no previous rights.
For compulsory sterilization women by color did not focus as much about sterilization of people than with physical disabilities. It was a reproductive justice issue for white people and feminist in the U.S. for abortion. According to the podcast, it said the U.S. had to fight to bear children rather than abortion access where only white people would want to do so. The causes of sterilization was because of sectomy, suturectomy, and hysterectomy which was the surgical removal of the Fallopian tubes. Furthermore, United States, Puerto Rico, Canada, Denmark, Japan, Iceland, and Finland have faced this problem.
I also feel as though guy on guy (gays) should stop for the same reasoning I stated for lesbians. Transsexuals are another thing I hate as far as sexuality. I do not think one should change their sex, and should stay what they were born as, male or female. Some are born with the predisposition to being transgender formed prenatally, but generally gender identity seems to be fully formed before the age of 7, and becomes difficult to change and influence later. Although there are major factors in the development of being a transgender, one should not put self through the process.