Statistics show that men and women who work more than 40 hours a week, women make 88 cents for every dollar men earn. But for men and women who work for 30 to 35 hours a week, the pay gap is actually negative, i.e. women make 1.09 dollars for every dollar men earn. Does that still mean that the wage gap is a result of sex
Women working full-time, year-round earn a median salary of $41,554 compared to men 's median salary of $51,640 (Semega). The disparity is $10,086 per year and when calculating over the course of their career the difference is almost half a million dollars. This reduces women’s lifetime earnings and affects their pension, retirement, and social security. Although the wage gap has existed since the 1800’s, the increased participation of women in the labor force correlates with the decrease of the wage gap. The wage gap has dwindled over the years; however, the progress has slowed down in the past two decades.
Discrimination against women at work is still a reality and more in rich countries. Women must work almost 80 days more than a man so they can possibly earn the same, and still don’t have the same salary. It’s probably one of the worst problems that women are facing right now. Ironically, in XXI century the problem persists and it is even worse. While a lot of education is a useful tool for increasing earnings, it is not effective against the gender pay gap.
Equal work for equal pay has being the slogan for many equality marches around the world. Meanwhile some denounce that there is even a wage gap at all. “Women make 78 cents for every dollar a man makes,” is the most commonly heard statistic whenever the topic of the wage gap arises. While this statistic is factually correct, there is also a lot that is not being said. This only compares the medium wages for men and women that work full time.
According to a survey carried out by the United States Census Bureau in 2015 on gender pay gap, for every dollar a man earns, woman only earns 79 cents for finishing the same task. This situation is an exiting problem in almost every industries. Take the case of the female movies star “ Jennifer Lawrence” for instance, Lawrence was paid a sufficiently less compared to her male co-star “ Bradley Cooper “ for screening on the movie “ American Hustle “. The money gap is not really the main problem but people
Second, when women have kids their employers assume they will work less so they pay them less. Even when women show up to work often after they have kids, they still get paid less. As you get older the pay gap increases. According to statistics people within the ages of 55-64 have a 74% pay gap (Miller). Women also get sexually harassed at work and when they try to speak up, they face unfair consequences.
Married women and single women wanted to work together but people did not let them. Women in the 1930s were expected to do housework and could not find jobs easily outside of the home, but women organized into volunteers groups devoted to improving the living and working conditions of other women. Women were having a hard time getting a job. Women worked long hours for low wages in the 1930s. The depression caused wages to drop lower so more women can join and not meet the basic expenses (Working Women in the 1930s).
Across the UK, men earned 18.4% more than women, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).The gap between men and women 's earnings for both full and part-time work has fallen from 27.5% in 1997 to 18.4% in 2017. Reasons for the gender pay gap : 1. Men are proportionally more likely to work full-time than women. At younger ages (16 to 21) men’s jobs are split almost equally between full-time (51.2%) and part-time (49.8%) but, between the ages of 30 to 39 (91.3%) and 40 to 49 (91.3%) more than 90% of men’s jobs are full-time. Women however, are less likely to work full-time, with only 61.1% and 57.6% of women’s jobs being full-time for ages 30 to 39 and 40 to 49 respectively.
Gender pay gap are divided into two components, explained and unexplained components. The pay gap has reduced 16.3 percent since 1998 which has come to a halt since the last decade. Occupational and industrial segregation (where women are overrepresented in a female dominated occupation) and educational factors (studying for women friendly occupations such as food and beverage services, childcare and old age care jobs) are known to be the contributing factors in the differences between the male and female wage gap. The gap is estimated to be 20 percent of the explained contributing factors and 80 percent of the unexplained contributors as “these are the harder to measure factors, like conscious and unconscious bias – impacting negatively on women’s recruitment and pay advancement – and differences in men’s and women’s choices and behaviours” (Ministry for Women, 2017). These factors lead to glass ceiling effect which works as an invisible barrier that disadvantages women in rising to attain the position if authority in workplaces and organisations in New Zealand and in countries around the world (Nugent,
Since the 1900’s there has been an ongoing problem with the difference men and women are paid while doing the same job. Men and women need to get paid equally to eliminate the gender wage gap and sex discrimination because it causes women to not get the chance at all the opportunities that men reserve. It also causes some to slip into poverty, and most women motherly figures so the need the money to provide for their children. Most women and men that work in the same fields do the same amount of work. On top of that they also have the same education.