Genetic modification proposes an idea such that fruits could be left to ripen on the vine or tree so that they have the flavor, but they will still be firm enough to dispatch without being damaged. Having such fruits would eradicate the need to pick fruits when they are unripe in order to get them to stores before they soften up. This helps to prolong their shelf life in the supermarkets. 4 Negative Consequences of Genetically Modified Food The extensive cultivation of genetically modified food however raises many issues for society and the world as a whole. Some of the issues includes biodiversity issues and the welfare of animals.
However, biodiversity is vital for sustainable development because every livestock and crops are completing the food chain. The vanishing species, caused by subsidy on corn, provoke the imbalance of ecosystem and environmental crisis, like global warming. Eventually, it affects the whole city, or even the
Labeling GMOs The labeling of GMO food is pure common sense, and we should have that information just like we have calorie count. Genetically modified foods are increasingly controversial as they become more widespread. The U.S. manufactures more genetically modified (GM) foods than any other country (Streker). Sixty-one countries, including most developed countries, require labeling of genetically modified foods except for the United States (Burgaard). “In the genetic engineering process, scientists splice a specific gene that exhibits certain traits into a plant to create new artificial characteristics in organisms” (Burgaard; Streker).
Genetic engineering is a potentially and powerful very dangerous tool. To alter the succession of nucleotides of the DNA can have extremely ill. Genetic modification should be banded by law as its future is unknown, genetically modified food in unsafe and it is against humans’ rights (unethically). Nobel Prize winning, George Wald Harvard professor and biologist, wrote in 1976: “Recombinant DNA technology [genetic engineering] faces our society with problems unprecedented not only in the history of science, but of life on the Earth.” According to a study, it is 83% risky. In addition, the consequences problems may not appear for many years, which will make huge health problems. “Germline genome alterations are permanent and heritable, so very, very careful consideration needs to be taken in advance of such applications.” (Carroll, 2015).
In some African countries, rice is the primary source of food and therefore improving the quality of rice means bettering the nutritional intake of the poorer population especially children. Dr Momma and collegues at the University of Kyoto revealed that genetically modified rice contained 20% more protein than normal rice. However studies have shown that genetically modified food expose a threat to our biodiversity since the food has more resistance over the natural wild varieties and be fatal to other organism in the ecosystem. We have skipped the impact of animal health when designing genetically modified food and animals can suffer from nutrient imbalance, insulin problem, and dangerous side effects such as allergies which can even lead to death of certain species of animal like
A genetically modified organism, commonly referred to as a GMO, is an organism whose genetic makeup has been altered using genetic engineering. The general reason that GMOs were created was to attempt to get an organism to display new/different traits. Other reasons include modifications to keep pests and diseases away from the plant, modifications to improve the plant's ability to live in a certain area, as well as modifying an animal, such as chickens, so that they have more meat than they would normally have. These are just a few of many different reasons. One thing that most, if not all, of the reasons for GMOs are for the betterment of the organism as well as the human race.
One important consequence of climate change is decreased food security as severe warming and weather conditions can lead to reduced crop yield, increased dangers to livestock, and the potential for increased invasive species in fisheries. Proponents of genetic engineering argue that genetically modified organisms can help curve the effects of global warming and the environmental impacts of agriculture. Indeed, many crops such as corn, wheat and soybeans have been genetically engineered to withstand droughts and/or frost. Moreover, genetically modified foods are typically more resistant to pests which leads to decreased pesticide and herbicide usage. For example, a farming technique called conservation tillage, made possible by GMO's led to a 5.2-billion-pound reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in 2014; the equivalent of 10 million fewer cars on the road in a year.
Increasing the size of the crop allows it to produce more edible mass, as well as become more profitable. This has the secondary effect of lowering the amount of land needed to farm, and in a world where the population consumes 11,000,000 pounds of food everyday and is increasing exponentially, this is extremely important, as razing forests to build more farm land is harmful to the environment. Another advantage to using GMO crops is the ability to ward off insects which would destroy them. This is done in two ways, either giving the plant the ability to produce pesticide, or by giving the plant immunity to a toxin which will kill everything else around it. GMO crops are also cheaper than their organic counterparts, largely due to their increased size and the fact that they require less management, like pesticide treatment.
Fruits and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet as they provide the human body with nutrients and energy. Without them our bodies may experience digestive and cardiovascular problems, as well as additional chronic diseases and some forms of cancer, thus highlighting their importance (Donvito). When shopping, consumers in search of healthy produce often times pick up contaminated options. They’re contaminated by the very things that aid in their to grow: pesticides and fertilizers. Pesticides are products that are meant to control pest and much like the way we take steps to keep our gardens from pests and disease, farmers use pesticides to save their crops from affliction; this ironically results in crops that aren’t properly suit to be consumed.
The benefits of GMO is that it prevents community from having preventable diseases through fortifying of food. One example would be the golden rice project is to increase the intake of vitamin A in poor communities which eat rice. As the poor intake of vitamin a will lead to blindness and death in children. As vitamin A is not found in rice but in vegetable and animal product. (The Golden Rice Project.