The Pros And Cons Of Genetic Testing

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Introduction Dr. Gress’s view that the results of a genetic test should be withheld from patients if they are positive is paternalistic, immoral, and does not consider the autonomy of the individual. He holds the position that notifying patients of their genetic status is too harmful and that it is a doctor’s duty to withhold information that could be devastating; however, in doing so, he violates many ethical principles that doctors should exercise. This paper will give an overview on the topic of genetic testing and the ethical and moral problems associated with it, an analysis rejecting Dr. Gress’s view, and a response to an objection to the thesis of which this paper is based on. Presentation of Topic Medical professionals have been paying more attention to the morality of medical practices as technology advances in the medical field, such as genetic testing. Genetic testing is controversial because the disease is part of an individual’s genetic composition, and there is no cure for it. For example, those with the gene APOe have as little as two and as much as eight times the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease compared to those who do not have the gene (Munson 246). Therefore, doctors question whether it is ethical to notify a patient that they have a genetic disease, or are at risk, since it is not curable and knowing the information might ultimately cause them stress. Conversely, others question if it is ethical to withhold such information from a patient and
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