Genetically Modified Organisms or GMOs are basically organisms that have been altered for the betterment of the consumer. Creations such as man-made insulin, seedless watermelon and iodine-enriched salt are all possible because of genetic engineering. Furthermore, this technology has allowed the creation of larger animals and crops. This allows produce and poultry to be cheaper. Scientists known as Agri-Scientists create GMOs.
What was once an unrealistic idea has slowly started to become a reality; genetic engineering. To have the ability to decide what your future child’s eye color, height, hair color, or if it will have any life changing diseases is an absurd thought that has come possible. Genetic engineering is the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material. Although Genetic engineering is becoming a reality it should not be allowed because it will be extremely expensive allowing only the wealthy to obtain it giving them an even greater advantage, people will become less unique and a possibility of eugenics crisis. The biggest concern about genetic engineering is the risks.
Powerful technology such as genetic engineering arouses both hope and fear in humanity. Genetic engineering is the modification of genetic material by taking genes from one species and putting it into another. Genetic engineering was first introduced in animals and plants with the intention of enhancing humanity by creating improved food with medicinal properties, known as genetically modified (GM) food or genetically modified organism (GMO). However, scientists are now taking a great leap to create GM babies, known as Human Genetic Modification (HGM). Concerns on eugenics and treatment of human embryos as a property sparked all around the world, fearing that HGM may have the ability to alter human evolution, opening Pandora’s Box.
Technological advancements in the scientific field have led to the advent of genetic engineering, including the genetic modification (GM) of food that may hold the key to the solution of many existing problems like food shortage, world hunger and genetic diseases. Uzogara (2000) state that the intentional attempt to alter the genetic make-up of plants or animals is known as genetic modification. Scientists have shown the potential benefits that those genetically engineered crops can bring about such as increased shelf-life in Flavr Savr Tomato and pest-resistant Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn, which are said to benefit the producers. From the consumers’ point of view, what matters most is the health benefits that genetically engineered crops will bring about, which wild-type food crops may not be able to do.
Genetically modifying organism (GMO) refers to the act of changing the organism gene according to the way humans desire it and in the process changing its characteristics. Humans have been modifying organisms for thousands of years. For example cabbage, kale and broccoli have the same scientific name; Brassica oleracea as they came from the same original plant that have been domesticated and been selectively bred for different characteristic until it becomes the vegetables that we recognise today. But most of the time when we discuss about GMO it refers to the act of modifying the DNA of an organism in the lab. The benefits of GMO is that it prevents community from having preventable diseases through fortifying of food.
One of the ethical issues of today that the medical field is facing is about genetic engineering. A genetic engineering technology also known as genetic modification is a way in which the organism’s genetic genome, a complete set of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), is being directly manipulated using biotechnology. You can customize your offspring by having the opportunity to choose which genetic trait your unborn child should posses, best examples are gender, eyes and the color of the hair. Genetic engineering in lay man’s term is designer baby. The idea of genetic modification has started to cure illnesses by replacing an unhealthy DNA of an unborn child to a healthy one to eliminate the occurrence of diseases that can be carried out hereditarily
Each of these has its root in the same basic technology, but comes with a unique set of pros and cons. As complicated as it may be, we should know the ins and outs of each type of genetic engineering since they could become, and, in some cases, have become a large part of our lives. Genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, are easily the most well-researched and well-documented form of genetic manipulation. During the genetic modification process, DNA is manually inserted into an organism with the purpose of altering a trait. First, we extract DNA from an organism with the desired trait
Genetic Modifications Genetic Modification is a change or substitution caused by human activity in the DNA (the substance that responsible about the appearance of the organism). Genetic modification was accomplished for the first time in 1973 by Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer. Some scientists in countries around the world aspire applying this technology on plants and humans. Now some countries like USA, Argentina, Brazil, Canada and China allow their scientists to make researches on genetic modification; which will allow unpredictable effects occur by this technology. Genetic engineering is a potentially and powerful very dangerous tool.
Genetic engineering is the changing of characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material, or genome. Scientists have been genetically modifying basically everything from plants to animal and to humans. Genetic engineering, while it does have benefits to help the human race, has the possibility to go out of control and must not be pursued due to the harm it can cause to society. Understanding the goals of genetic engineering and
According to Wikipedia, Transgenic organisms can be defined as, “an organism that has been genetically altered by adding genes into, and out of, the organism to achieve the desired outcome, this process is called genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is made possible through certain techniques within biotechnology and bioengineering”. More and more organisms, including plants and animals, are being modified today. These processes are justified based on their supposed “endless benefits”, but at what cost? This leaves us with concerns about whether these processes are ethically correct and whether it is appropriate to use these organisms as a means of producing things such as pharmaceuticals.