The Pros And Cons Of Health Care Systems

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A “system” may be described as a complex of interacting components together with the relationships among them that permit the identification of a boundary-maintaining entity or process, (Laszlo & Krippner, 1998). What sets apart a health system is that its purpose is concerned with people’s health. A health system has many components. It includes Ministries of Health; healthcare professionals; patients, families, and communities; healthcare facilities; pharmaceutical companies, and other organizations that each play an important role in the promotion, restoration and maintenance of health, (The World Health Report, 2000). Countries all over the world use different types of healthcare systems based on their economic state and the level of organization. The health care systems also differ based on their source of funding, whether private, public or a combination of…show more content…
The United States of America (U.S.A.) health care system is funded by both public and private insurers. In the U.S.A. the government and private insurer companies serve two functions in terms of funding. These functions are the collection of money for health care and the reimbursement of health service providers. The unique feature of the U.S.A. system is that it is funded mostly by private insurers and not public insurers. According to a study by Chua (2006), “in 2003, 62% of non-elderly Americans received private employer-sponsored insurance, and 5% purchased insurance on the private non group (individual) market. 15% were enrolled in public insurance programs like Medicaid and 18% were uninsured. Elderly individuals aged 65 or over are almost uniformly enrolled in

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