The private sector provides 80 percent of the health care services and only 20 percent are provided by the government (www.buyusa.gov/india). The private health sector predominates in the provisioning of curative services. India’s private health sector accounts for about 80 per cent outpatient treatments for both rich and poor, more than 55 percent of all in-patient admissions or hospitalization i.e. curative services, 40 per cent of prenatal care, 55 per cent of institutional deliveries and as low as 10 per cent of immunizations delivered. It provides 40 per cent of hospitalizations for the poor and 60 per cent for the privileged (Mukhopadhayay Debes, 2006).
As Bernie Sanders once said, “Health care must be recognized as a right, not a privilege.” Most developed countries choose to live by this quote while the United States of America chooses to go against it. Universal health care has benefits on multiple levels, whether it’s a single individual or the people in a whole. The U.S is one of the few developed countries that doesn’t offer universal health care to their people, yet the U.S spends more than seventeen percent of their GDP on health insurance. Many people believe that universal health care is a simple one solution problem, but the truth is that there are multiple forms of universal health care that provide all citizens with the health insurance they need. The first type of universal health care is a single-payer system.
Due to the complex nature of health and quality, there have been various variable indicators proposed by multiple committees, organizations and individuals. For the purpose and context of this paper the components of quality healthcare that will be taken under consideration are; Access, Technical Competence and Equity. Access to service refers to the ability of health consumers to obtain health services. This is influenced by finances, geography and culture. In terms of financial access, the national Health insurance scheme is in place to ensure the poor can have access to healthcare.
Health is a human right, which is mentioned in most of constitutes. Also many conferences and committees are organized to approve that health is a right that must be regarded to reach the other human rights as dignity. And to get the health, a health insurance must be existed. Medical insurance is available at the most of the countries. Furthermore, It is an insurance coverage that covers the cost of an insured individual's medical and surgical expenses.
There are 207 RMRS has been established till December 2001. A management committee comprised of official and non-official members is empowered to decide on the use of funds without referring to the government. This independence in autonomy helps expedite local decision-making. Free service is provided to “poor patients (BPL), senior citizens, widows, handicapped persons, accident & emergency cases, etc”. According to the guidelines 25% percent of the revenues to be spent directly on the BPL patients.
Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and education are also key nursing roles. The importance of epidemiology is that Epidemiologists identify and measure the health events within the population. This scientific field develops a variety of models of how an event may occur, in order to recognize and understand those events on a higher level. Epidemiology is really a community health, problem solving process, which is similar to other processes used in healthcare.
This is the fourth major component of health care system. Government Support: There can be situations where there is a need of government interventions in the health care system. This can be due to various reasons like providing technology support, organizing health awareness programs for people, care management, etc. There many Determinants of health care which affect the market in a big way. Some of them are explained as a part of this project.
Samantha Renee B. Balboa 120387 A Reflection on the Challenges that Decentralization brings to the Public Health Sector Decentralization in the Philippines is when the state is represented by national offices and LGUs or local government units, with provincial, city, municipal, and barangay or village offices. In regards to the public health sector, the Department of Health, LGUs, and the private sector participate, and to some extent, cooperate and collaborate in the care of the population. (Romualdez A, et.al., 2011). Decentralization for public health, in its most positive sense, is tailor-making health services that is specifically needed by a certain region. As defined in Decentralization and Health in the Philippines and Indonesia:
The presence of different actors in health care is a universal phenomenon and the actual framework of the health sector in terms of relationships, responsibilities and payment mechanisms varies across countries, e.g. direct provision by the well-financed public sector (NHS, Sweden, UK) or public sector purchasing health services from public and private providers alike (SHI, Canada, Germany) (cf. 2.3) (11,28). In LMIC, a fragmentation of the health system is common, e.g. mix of public insurance schemes, direct public provision, private insurers, private providers, and OOP (Mexico, South Africa).
Health Care Services: The main providers The Malaysian health care system mostly is characterized by tax-funded universal services ran by the government and by private sector services. The public sector provides 82% of inpatient cares and 35% of ambulatory care, and the private sector supply the 18% of the former care and 62% of the latter. The Ministry of Health (MOH) regulates and runs most of the public sector health services. It offers a wide and complete range of services up to health promotion and disease