Reproductive cloning is the production of a genetic duplicate of an existing organism. A human clone is therefore a genetic copy of an existing person. Reproductive cloning of humans was believed to be impossible until the birth of Dolly the sheep. Dolly was the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell. Following this major scientific and technological breakthrough, it raised the possibility that humans can be cloned using the same procedure‒ somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT).
Cloning is an idea that is often portrayed in science fiction as a way to essentially duplicate another living being. It has been making an appearance in the real world as something that could be useful in the medical and scientific fields as a way to bring back animals or to save peoples’ lives. Due to how unique cloning is, it was portrayed in famous parts of the media such as Jurassic Park. Although cloning does sound promising, it does possess a darker side to it, which does raise both moral and ethical issues. There are articles that do discuss cloning in which they either list the benefits of it or tell us about what moral and ethical issues that do come out of cloning. The differences between the articles allow the reader to make their own decisions on how they perceive the notion of cloning.
In recent years, there has been and still is much debate over stem cell cloning and its applications. The topics of embryonic stem cells and human cloning are very large and very controversial issues that have many facets to them, and these also tend to be the issues that overshadow the smaller, less heated topics of therapeutic cloning and animal reproductive cloning. Both therapeutic cloning with its hypothetical use in medicine and animal reproductive cloning with its potential to revive extinct species are gallant undertakings, yet both sides also have their share of fallacies and drawbacks.
Human cloning offers a lot of potential for our society, both positive or negative. Human cloning refers to "producing a cell or organism with the same nuclear genome as another cell or organism"(Perrone, 2001). The most common type of cloning is, therapeutic cloning, it is used in the context of cell replacement therapy and holds a huge potential for the
Wanted embryos were valuable for their parents. Respect for the moral value regarding the feelings of the parents. Individual’s cells were duplicated it was another issue concern on cloning embryonic stem cell. This was a therapeutic cloning and begins using same procedure as reproductive cloning. If the cell in the therapy usage embryonic there were impediment of possible negation, having cell from different
James Joyce once said that “mistakes are the portals of discovery.” However, when it comes to the field of genetic engineering, specifically cloning, mistakes, or even discoveries, could turn out to be disastrous. Victor Frankenstein found this out when, in the book Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, he discovers the secrets to creating life which, some might say, led to a horrifying 8 foot tall creature. Nonetheless, cloning has become a lucrative field in the past twenty years since the first sheep was cloned. The process of cloning is essentially extracting tissue from an organism and growing the tissue within a laboratory by means of asexual reproduction. Bioethics have limited cloning to just animals such as a sheep as well as a monkey, but as technology has advanced, so it seems that humans are closer to being able to clone a human. Genetic engineering, specifically cloning, denies the dignity of human life because it crosses the ethical borders in which mankind is attempting to surpass God as a creator.
Many believe cloning is a perversion of science, and some are even concerned with a real life Frankenstein situation: “Reproductive cloning… could lead to a Dr. Frankenstein’s vision of lab manufactured humans. To me this is a perversion of science” (Ford 1). Furthermore, in Frankenstein, Dr. Frankenstein detached from the world as he became obsessed with his studies, diminishing his health. A similar thing could happen to scientists who clone if they decide that they are “playing god,” which can be dangerous for the scientists and the clones. Cloning is so controversial and causes an overbearing amount of stress for it to be befitting to the human mind, as Victor Frankenstein puts it, “If the study to which you apply yourself has a tendency to weaken your affections, and to destroy… those simple pleasures in which no alloy can possibly mix, then that study is certainly unlawful… not befitting of the human minds” (Shelley 50). That power trip in humans can lead to an unhealthy obsession. Scientist who create clones will have too much power, which will lead to them becoming so obsessed with their work that that is all they care about. In “The Birthmark,” Aylmer became obsessed with just the slightest flaw in a perfect woman, to the point where “when they sat together at the evening hearth his eyes wandered stealthily to her cheek…” (Hawthorne 2). Even when Aylmer was sitting, enjoying time with his wife, he was thinking about the birthmark. Also, the consequences of these obsessions can be fatal, like in “The Birthmark,” proving once again that some science can be unbefitting of
When a loved one passes away it is not the best thing that can happen to anybody but cloning that person so that they can be here again will not ever be the same as if they were here alive. “Parents who have lost children have grieved and sought consultation from family community. Replacing the deceased child by cloning degrades and dehumanizes the child, it’s a replacement, and all of us.” Cloning someone does not necessarily mean it will be the same human being. All it means is that you will clone someone that look like your loved one. Cloning your loved one will just bring back memories from the past. Cloning a genealogy would hurt you because it is just bringing flashbacks. Your clone won 't have the same emotions as your ancestor whom past away.
In the story Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, Victor Frankenstein, the main character and narrator of the story, attempted to re-create a human from the dead for the sake of having done so. Victor did not take a minute to think about the pros and cons of creating it. This situation is like modern day Scientists who are enthralled with the idea of cloning a human being. The ramifications -- both physical and social -- of accomplishing this is where the concern is. Cloning is bad because we don't know what is going to happen in the end, although there are those who are on the opposing side.
Do you know that based on the scientific studies, 90% human cloning tuned out to be unsuccessful. Human cloning(modifying babies) is a process of producing new identical babies by altering their genomes. Some of studies show that scientists successfully cloned animals such as cows, Pigs, and sheep. For the past 3-5 years human cloning have a lot of debates and controversies between peoples. However Human cloning is dangerous for the new engineered baby and their moms, so it should be banned to prevent new disease, to constantly limit the population of dying human beings, and to stop unnecessary fees to modify babies.
According to the Oxford dictionary, a clone is an organism, or cell, produced asexually from one ancestor or stock, to which they are genetically identical.
I’m not sure if I agree with cloning at all. I believe that when it is a person time to die then it is their time and no one should get favors. Cloning can create genetical defects and nowhere does it specify that the diseases you already have wont transfer over to your clone.
Cloning means ‘replicating a fragment of DNA placed in an organism so that there is enough to analyze or use in protein production’. This means to create a copy of some existing organism from already matured cells. There are many moral complexities that can be derived from the concept of cloning such as the manufacturing or the evolving of animals, humans, or plant material. There’s a conflict within society with the basic idea of manipulating cells in such a way that you create something. All in all, cloning seems to be a broad field with many varying opinions. For the sake of this essay, we will be concentrating on human cloning for reproductive reasons. I will be analyzing the views of David B. Hershenov in An Argument for Limited Human Cloning and presenting objections brought to us by the Presidential Panel for Bioethics. Hershenov will be taking the affirmative stance against the Presidential Panel who provides the objections to the question “Is human Cloning
Not only are there many ways in which human cloning can be misused, such as, creating clones for organ donors or replacement children, but cloning has also proved to be rather dangerous (Hoskins). It takes scientists many attempts and many failures before they successfully clone animals and there is no reason to think it would be different with humans (Harrison). Many human embryos would need to be sacrificed in order to protect this practice and many of these children clones who did survive would
Cloning is the processes that are used in order to generate exact genetic makeup of a cell, tissue, or organism. The term clone refers to the copied material with the same genetic makeup of the original. According to the definition by National Genome Research Institute (NIH) cloning can be differentiated into three types, those are: