The fear of losing one’s own job could be associated to Quantitative job security and the concern about certain valued aspects of a job such as insufficient/inadequate salary prospects could be associated to Qualitative job insecurity. The author of the article claims that if the employees are bullied there is a high likelihood that these workers may feel that their job is at stake and shall exhibit higher and higher levels of job insecurity. The study invariably looks upon the longitudinal relationship between bullying and job insecurity. The study actually revolves around the Leymann hypothesis and attempts to address the same. This particular proposition points out that bullying in the work place is linked with the rejection in working life.
Workplace bullying is something that we get familiar with starting from elementary or middle school and it goes on in the life of people who are weak to strong ones. According to the 2010 survey done in the United States by the Workplace Bullying Institute, more than half the population suffers from being bullied at their job place. The question is that whether the workplace bullying is because of pressure to get ahead of other employees or its just mere jealousy of seeing others getting ahead at work? The actual bullying takes place out of jealously or if someone is doing much better than the other person whether he/she is a student or an employee. Bullying is a non-physical form of violence as it shows traits of abusive behavior and disturb
1. INTRODUCTION The purpose of submitting this report is that a critical review have been done on the journal ' The impact of employee motivation on organizational performance (A study of some selected firms in Anambara State Nigeria), which is using primary data for the research. Employee motivation is a widely researched area. This is due to the positive effects motivation has on organizations and their performance. Research shows that motivated employees tend to display more positive work attitudes than employees who are not motivated.
In our survey, 14.3% of bullies say that they get a sense of thrill from bullying a certain person. They are jealous of the victim Bullies could also bully a particular person because they are jealous of the person’s talents, abilities or possessions. Bullies often target those who they are afraid off and try to put them down. They find this person annoying as they are jealous of him. In our survey, 42.9% of the bullies feel that they bully a certain person because they find him
After much study Cooper and Swanson concluded that workplace bullying is a significant, under-reported, and under-recognized occupational safety and health problem. The nurse is in a work relationship with a more experienced nurse that is not mentoring, guiding or supporting the new nurse. According to Weaver (9), nurses who bully are those who feel the power imbalance associated with restricted autonomy and autocratic leadership. The nurses are expressing negative behaviors toward the next in line in due to the nurse’s power disparity from the dominant control by physicians and administrators. Other factors pointed out by Rocker 2008 may have their origin in individual mental illnesses and drug and alcohol habits.
No harm was done to the participants during either of the studies which allowed for the principle of beneficence to be fulfilled. The studies were both congruent when explaining that the study would help design plans to not only determined the causes to workplace bullying, but also explaining the importance of having family and friends to help support those affected by bullying. This satisfied the principle of justice. Respect for person was achieved by allowing the participants to choose whether or not they would like to participate and all results were anonymous. The data was able to find major contributors to workplace bullying and lateral violence.
An employee quits his job whenever he faces problems at the workplace and is not satisfied with his work. Members are contented with their work and share a good rapport amongst themselves. The team members must be assigned responsibilities as per their specialization, qualification, interests as well as experience. The team members must find their job interesting for them to enjoy and work hard to achieve the organization goals. An overburdened worker never finds his job interesting and would always be eager for a change.
Positive work relationships, effective nurse-physician collaboration, and high levels of work group cohesion have been found to contribute to higher job satisfaction and have been found to be significant determinants of nurses’ intentions to remain employed (Chan & Morrison; Ingersoll et al. ; Shader, Broome, Broome, West, & Nash, 2001). Nurse burnout has been found to be inversely associated with both job satisfaction and nurses’ intentions to remain employed (Aiken et al., 2002; Shader et al., 2001). Aiken, et al. found that 43% of nurses who reported high levels of burnout and dissatisfaction also intended to leave their jobs within one year.
The aforementioned phenomena results in material social and economic costs to both employers and individuals. Serious risks include psychological harm and physical injuries, increased stress levels and an overall significant impact to the safety and well-being of the individual. Workplace bullying is the situation whereby an employee is treated with negative acts for a long period of time by his peers, supervisors or bosses. Usually the employee is unable to defend or retaliate due to the recognition of a formal or informal power imbalance. These advices will help employees in successfully dealing with or in managing bullying.
“Bullying can result in physical injury, social and emotional distress, and even death. Victimized youth are at increased risk for depression, anxiety, sleep difficulties, and poor school adjustment.” (CDC, 2015) It can result to injuries, both mental and physical, low self-esteem, death due to injuries and even suicide. It can also cause the victim too much sadness, too much worrying, difficulty in sleeping because they become scared, and their grades in school might suffer. A person can become suicidal depending on how he/she is being bullied; the more bullying occur, the higher the chances of suicide. Bullying also has a huge impact to the school and its environment.