The biggest drawback of peacemaking criminology is that there is no concrete way that has been created to apply. Additionally, there is no physical discussion whatsoever of a strategy for inaugurating a system-wide modification or transformation of the existing criminal justice system; in fact, peacemaking criminologists provide imprecise suggestions about what should be done to modernize the justice system. In conclusion, peacemaking criminology ideology sounds astonishing in creating utopian but does not provide concrete evidence on how policymaker can utilize this idea into a policy to combat crime in our society (Klenoswki,
The tensions between the U.S. and the USSR after WWII had gradually increased towards a Cold War period. This period without actual fighting had a significant impact on America’s attitude towards the situation in Vietnam. Losing Vietnam to communism would not only threaten the world it would also, maybe more importantly, expose America’s weakness. Whereas the orthodox interpretation praises America for its bravery in their fight to save the world from communism, revisionist’s historians see the Vietnam War as a futile small factor in the larger Cold War Context and criticize America’s actions as aggressive and acquisitive. (21)6America would have the desire to shape the world in its own ideal image.
The only difference between the two time periods is that in the Cold War era the U.S. tried to contain communism, so democracy could be preserved. In the end the United States formed new alliances that are still going on today, and the U.S. are now on better terms with Russia after the Cold
Eisenhower’s speech addressed the vast amount of money being spent by both the USSR and United States on weapons, and instead believed it should be used for "those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed"("Eisenhower, Dwight"). Eisenhower was trying to show how the United States and USSR are facing similar internal struggles, and if each nation left their past behind, they could improve the quality of each nation. Eisenhower hoped that by using Malenkov’s focus on the USSR’s internal struggles, it would be easier to de-escalate the Cold War. Furthermore, Eisenhower’s State of the Union address also showed his commitment to creating world peace. In the Far East, he described plans for Korea, Japan, and China.
As Truman said in his diary on July 18,1945, Stalin wanted to cooperate with the U.S in peace but it would be harder because Truman was misunderstood in Russia and Stalin was misunderstood in the United States. (Truman, Discussed the Bomb at Potsdam, 56) According to Stimson, he argued that although Truman wanted peace he did not feel that our possession of the atomic bomb would change the way Russia felt towards the United States. (Stimson, Letter of Memorandum from Stimson to Truman, 1945) While the development of nuclear power was an advancement of the United States’ technological and military power it was also a risk for political and economic problems for the future. (Atomic Scientists Urge an Alternative Course, 1945, 52) Since the development of the atomic bomb was kept secret, once other countries learned of this nuclear power the United States would no longer be able to control it and could put the United States in danger that other countries might use it against them. The distrust of other nations could also be provoked making it more difficult to reach agreements.
When the bombs succeeded, Harry S. Truman was very pleased and began to change his demeanor. The bomb allowed Truman to become the aggressor. He no longer wanted to wait for confrontation, he wanted it, Truman switch from pro-Soviet advisors to anti-communist advisors. “President Truman indicates that the US will not recognize future communist governments, since ‘I'm sick of babying the Soviets.’” (academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu) Truman’s actions with the power he was beginning to hold provoked Stalin which drove the United States and NATO allies into the battle with the Soviet Union and their Warsaw Pact allies. As a result of the Cold War, the Soviet Union fell to the United States in 1991.
The Western Allies quickly realized they couldn’t “kick a dog when its already down”, and that Germany was in desperate need of help.” Therefore, the Allies’ aim was to rebuild Germany’s economy. The Soviet Union disagreed with this plan immensely, and instead, they became busy with setting up Communist dictatorships in their conquered areas, such as the zone of East Germany. This major difference among these powers marked the beginning of the Cold War. The war was not of physical battle but of international diplomacy. Germany now became the prize struggle between enemies.
he first chapter of The Cold War: A New History begins by comparing the United States to the U.S.S.R. and talking about the similarities between the two. It also talks about Communism and how Marx deemed it necessary in order to build up the economy. Lenin tried to implement Communism in Russia. They were not quite ready for that kind of system, so Stalin tried to modernize the economy. The U.S.S.R. had more casualties in World War II, but things were not necessarily looking great in America either.
3. Reasons behind the limited democratic reforms in Malaysia 3.1 The Argument of Neo-Wilsonianism trade off for democracy Globally, the level of democracy in Malaysia is poor. This situation is accounted to several reasons practiced by the state. Firstly, the Malaysian state believes that a totalitarian control of the state helps to build the state as it is divided along racial lines. This argument can be further explained using the neo-Wilsonianism argument proposed by contemporary democracy analysts.
The Weimar constitution was another part of the reason why the Weimar Republic collapsed. This was due to the fact that there were flaws that meant government laws couldn’t be passed easily and a law that meant the president could basically have full control in an “emergency”. Propaganda from extreme parties, The Wall Street crash, the rise of the Nazi party and all of the above stated each played a part in why the Weimar Republic collapsed. Although the Weimar constitution seemed well thought out and was a good democracy, there were significant flaws that ended up being important in the collapse of the Weimar Republic. The first flaw was proportional