In addition, the Department of State stated that these reported terrorist attacks were aimed at attaining an economic or religious goal. The Department of State conducted further research and found that the terrorist groups that committed the most attacks were the Taliban, Boko Haram, and Al-Qaeda/ ISIS. These terrorist groups were bred in impoverished parts of the world and accounted for approximately 16% of all terrorist attacks committed in 2012 (Department of State). Based on the evidence presented it is clear that economic deprivation and terrorism have a correlation. The third cause of terrorism is a result of globalization.
Terrorism is usually understood as the use or threat of violence to further a political cause. by Max Roser, Mohamed Nagdy and Hannah Ritchie There is no universally agreed definition of terrorism making it a difficult object to quantify. While acts of terrorism across the globe have increased markedly in recent decades, in most parts of the world it continues to be a relatively rare event and is instead focused in particular countries or regions of instability. I. Empirical View I.1 Historical Terrorism Terrorism is not a 21st century phenomenon and has its roots in early resistance and political movements. The Sicarii were an early Jewish terrorist organisation founded in the first century A.D. with the goal of overthrowing the Romans in
www.economicandpeace.org/wp.../2015/11/global-terrorism-index-2015.pdf measuring and understanding the impact of terrorism 2.  NSWSC 317  NSWSC 358 3. First non Muslim related terrorist charges1 In this case three Melbourne men were charged for supporting the liberation tiger of Tamil Eelam in Sri Lanka. 4. Belal Khazaal2 Belal Khazaal was charged for inciting terrorism by launching a book named jihad.
They rival the government in order to bring about radical changes in political and social conditions through forcefully changing government decisions and policies hence achieving their political goals. Terrorist weigh the benefits they will accrue and the costs of carrying various action before doing them as the other non state organization does (Hermann 1990, Sick 1990, Crenshaw 1990). After the estimation of the probability they then involve in those action that they see they are going to be victorious and refrain or revise on those they feel that they are going to loose. Crenshaw (1988) suggests instrumental approach in understanding terrorism simply because the intentions of actors are inferred from their behavior according to logical rules. It gives easier contextual duty due to relaxed secretive terrorism information.
Various legal systems and government agencies use different definitions of terrorism in their national legislation. Moreover, the international community has been slow to formulate a universally agreed, legally binding definition of this crime. These difficulties arise from the fact that the term "terrorism" is politically and emotionally charged. In this regard, Angus Martyn, briefing the Australian Parliament, stated, “The international community has never succeeded in developing an accepted comprehensive definition of terrorism. During the 1970s and 1980s, the United Nations attempts to define the term floundered mainly due to differences of opinion between various members about the use of violence in the context of conflicts over national liberation and self-determination” .
(The global terrorism index, 2016) highlights that countries including; Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan and Syria have seen the highest impact of terrorism in 2015; accounting almost Seventy-Two percent deaths from terrorism alone. ISIL has been considered as the deadliest terrorist organization in 2015 carrying out 252 terrorist attacks in multiple cities, causing 6,141 deaths in just a year. Root causes of terrorism are multi-dimensional and does not involve around psychological, political and socio economic conditions only but it also includes situational and circumstantial factors that are global or indigenous, specific or general, dynamic or static, activating or enabling which fundamentally overlap one another (Sinai,
Sorel stated that terrorism could be defined as an illicit act (irrespective of its perpetrator or its purpose) which creates a disturbance in the public order as defined by the international community, by using serious and indiscriminate violence (in whatever form, whether against people or public or private property) in order to generate an atmosphere of terror with the aim of influencing political action. By defining domestic terrorism this way, the Law enforcement and the department of Homeland security have achieved in understanding domestic
Many woke up that Tuesday morning expecting to carry on with their daily lives, only to have it pulled out from underneath their feet. Over the course of that morning, four terrorist attacks were orchestrated by the Islamic terrorist group Al-Qaeda, killing a total of 2,977 people and wounding 6,000 more. Life in every corner of America was shaken. Where Americans once felt safe, they now felt vulnerable. Many wondered what was going to happen next, but no one knew.
Defining the concept of terrorism has lead to many debates that have yet to reach an agreed upon universal definition. Throughout the study of political science and psychology many scholars have pioneered definitions for this term, yet none have emerged as universal. The most commonly used definition of terrorism can simply be defined as, a vicious act of violence domestic or foreign. Bruce Hoffman defines terrorism as the deliberate creation and exploitation of fear through violence or the threat of violence in the attainment of political objectives. Hoffman like many other scholars studying terrorism asserts the act of violence is carried out in attempt to reach political agendas.
Current public issues and debates about violence and extremism have seen increasing tension towards communities especially Muslims. Muslim populations have been poured with negative perception on terrorism, war on terror and violence attack (Staub E., 2007). There is violence in most parts of the world and people often conclude that Muslim is violent based on wars in countries such as Palestine, Pakistan and Philippines that involves Muslim people in which they simply believe and put the offense on Islam believers. This misconception towards Muslim on the aggressive and extremist on violent has spread all over the globe. Issues on violence and extremism have the widest attention worldwide.