In the article, “Greg Ousley Is Sorry for Killing Parents. Is That Enough?” Scott Anderson exemplifies that juveniles may be living in a toxic home environment, which leads to potential murder. In “Juveniles Don’t Deserve Life Sentence,” Garinger speaks about juveniles that are mistreated and were subject to life without parole sentences. Lastly, the article that also justifies that juvenile justice is solidified would be, “Report: Juvenile justice system schools “do more harm than good,” Frey argues that the juvenile system may be harmful, in that some juveniles suffer from disabilities and behavioral issues.
To evaluate reform, let us first evaluate the different trends and themes that were used to provide justice among juveniles; along with their policies and procedures. Understanding some of the policies and ideas will help pave the runway for understanding why reform was and still is necessary in juvenile justice. Different means of punishment can be discussed and evaluated; juvenile boot camps, group homes, and juvenile detention centers. All of these have one main thing in common, out-of-home placement. The problem with home removal is that the family’s and/or environment are not able to utilize the resources for rehabilitation and sometimes the environment is the explanation from crime; but that can be discussed further on.
Some people believe that juveniles shouldn’t get sentenced to life in prison because of brain studies, age, and the way of living. Recent brain studies have suggested that teenagers suffer from brain-tissue loss, this might be the reason why they commit idiotic decisions. In Gail Garingers article “Juveniles Don’t Deserve Life Sentences” she states “Young people are biologically different from adults.” Then she talks about the young adolescents being sentenced to die in prison. Also how there is a myth about the superpredator and how children are hopelessly
Throughout the course of modern history, the views of adolescence have led to them being considered inferior to those older than them. Often times, young adults and children are represented as unknowing, which therefore allows for a measure of control to be had over them; moreover, the ideas of inferiority are also present in regard to race and race relations. In Nancy Lesko 's article, "Denaturalizing Adolescence: The Politics of Contemporary Representations," and in Barry C. Feld 's book Bad Kids: Race and the Transformation of the Juvenile Court, they argue that those in power, be them adults, white individuals, or both, have a measure of control over those considered inferior. During the history of the world, the value of adults has
In the article it states, “The court said that minors who commit terrible crimes are less responsible than adults: They are less mature, more susceptible to peer pressure, and their personalities are not yet fully formed.” In this quote the author is reasoning against life without parole because they are less mature and not fully developed. Although all crimes deserve proper punishment, juveniles should not receive life without parole because they are still developing and this punishment leaves no room for a second chance
There are other alternatives beside adult court for juveniles who commit serious crimes. Many minors who commit serious crimes and are put into adult jails under complete lockdown are driven to insanity, provided not all the children who killed did it just because; for a lot of them it was self-defense, and if you put them in a separate section in juvenile hall with other kids who committed crimes like their own then they can have positive interaction but still be kept under lock and key. Should those youth who were protecting themselves be condemned to living in solitude for the rest of their lives for defending his/her self? There are always alternative choices. There is always a right and a wrong even if the lines are blurred.
Juvenile Justice Essay In the United States, there have been many cases where a juvenile would be found guilty and be tried as an adult. There are other cases where those juveniles are tried as adult forever. I am against charging juveniles as adults when they commit violent crimes, the juveniles lose many educational opportunities and the adult system is far too dangerous for the young juveniles. Juveniles are also young kids but only the fact that they do not get the same amount of education or experience that other teens gain.
Solitary confinement plays a negative toll on the teenage brain. Juveniles are more apt than adults to misbehave due to the fact the prefrontal cortex, which controls judgment, meta-cognition, and rationality is changing, transforming, and developing (Juvenile Justice Center, 2004). Research has shown the growth of the teenage brain is far less developed than before increasing their “germane of criminal capability (Juvenile Justice Center, 2004).” Adolescents depend on the peers and social cues as a mean of survival. Solitary confinement is harmful to juveniles because, it deprives the human mind of psychological stimulus which is needed in order to remain healthy (Smith, 2006).
Since a juvenile’s brain is still forming, many perform reckless acts due to their limited impulse control, decision-making, and judgement. Juveniles who commit crimes and receive life without parole should be able to have a second chance in society because teens make mistakes due to their impulse control and should not be punished for the rest of their lives for one mistake. Juveniles should be rehabilitated for the actions they do instead of
For example, many institutions use treatment models such as individual and family counseling (Bryne, 2010). However, Freud only focused on a subgroup of the general population, so certain approaches to deviant behavior will not work. Traditional methods of approach are hard to evaluate. The reason that therapy is one sought out approach is that many judges will order a psychiatric evaluation on the offender (Carney, 2015). The strength to psychoanalytic theory is that a juvenile will have a higher rate to rehabilitate into
Furthermore, this leaves room for states to implement their own practices and ways to address status offenders. It has also been argued that the Act “fractured the juvenile justice system so that officials in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare handled white, middle-income youth” (Hinton, 2015, p. 816). Programs which labeled white youths as “children in trouble” marked minority youths as “chronic offenders” who were deemed a danger to society, and tried as an adult. The exceptions and revisions that have been made to the Act make it possible for repeat status offenders to be detained in secure
Because this quote states statistics on the U.S.’s convicts of minors in adult courts, one can say that the United States can be proven immoral with the laws of other countries, which state that charging minors as adults is illegal. Thus, allowing for the questioning of how America treats its minors unfairly in the court of
Someone who is suffering from Conduct Disorder (CD) is considered to be a DSM. This particular diagnosis is usually allocated to individuals under the age of 18 years old. This person would consistently violate the rights of others, and will not confirm their behavior to the law or social norms appropriate for their age. Conduct Disorder may be described as juvenile delinquency; behavior patterns that can bring a juvenile into contact with the justice system (De Sanctis, Nomura, Newcorn, & Halperinb, 2012).
There are many victims of unfortunate circumstances in the world today, yet some of these results could have been easily avoided. In the novel, Just Mercy, the author Bryan Stevenson addresses many cases in which children under the age of 18 are incarcerated within the adult criminal justice system. By treating children as adults in the criminal justice system their innocence and undeveloped person, become criminalized. These children become dehumanized and only viewed as full-fledged criminals and as a result society offers no chance sympathy towards them. Stevenson argues that children tried as adults have become damaged and traumatized by this system of injustice.
One way to discipline delinquents or to remove them from society is to incarcerate them. Being surrounded by inmates whom you cannot relate to, not only on a mental level, but on a level of criminal activity is not the ideal setting for a juvenile to be placed in. When this occurs, youth then have to find ways to protect themselves. Which can result to further deviant behavior. "Studies have shown that continuing delinquent youth in correctional facilites will return to the same adverse environment".