The use of drugs causes a juvenile to turn to deviant behavior. Strain theory proves that drug addiction can lead to a criminal way of life, due to the substances becoming addictive and becoming a need. Furthermore, this need makes the adolescent even more susceptible to the negative behavior that comes along with the addiction. Due to the juveniles young mind not being fully developed, early drug abuse gives the addict a higher chance of a life long battle with crime and other
Types of juvenile delinquency Juvenile delinquency, or offending, can be separated into three categories: delinquency, crimes committed by minors which are dealt with by the juvenile courts and justice system; criminal behavior, crimes dealt with by the criminal justice system, and status offenses, offenses which are only classified as such because one is a minor, such as truancy, also dealt with by the juvenile courts. According to the developmental research of Moffitt (2006), there are two different types of offenders that emerge in adolescence. One is the repeat offender, referred to as the life-course-persistent offender, who begins offending or showing antisocial/aggressive behavior in adolescence (or even childhood) and continues into adulthood; and the age specific offender, referred to as the adolescence-limited offender, for whom juvenile offending or delinquency begins and ends during their period of adolescence. Because most teenagers tend to show some form of antisocial, aggressive or delinquent behavior during adolescence, it important to account for these behaviors in childhood, in order to determine whether they will be life-course-persistent offenders, or adolescents-limited offenders. Although adolescent-limited offenders tend to drop all criminal activity once they enter adulthood, and show less pathology than life-course-persistent offenders, they still show more mental health, substance abuse, and finance problems, both in adolescence and adulthood,
Delinquency is a type of deviation. When an individual deviates from the course of usual social life, his behaviour is called “delinquency”. When a juvenile, below an age specified under a statute exhibits behaviour which may prove to be hazardous to society and to him he may be called a “juvenile delinquent”. Each nation has its own specific definition of the age range covered by the word “juvenile” . In new era juvenile delinquency is becoming a global problem.
When abuse has been in the picture, it is very difficult for an adolescence to develop to their full potential and delinquency can occur. Delinquency is when crimes are committed by young persons, under the age of 18. There are many different types of abuse, each with their own characteristics and each can negatively impact an adolescent’s life. The first and usually most obvious is physical abuse. This might involve bruises, scratches, broken burns or welts.
This is a very dangerous situation, especially if they are very young. Many of these juveniles lack the maturity to handle situations such as adult prison . Kids shouldn’t be treated as adults in crimes because they put young offenders at high risk . If they put kids in adults prison , they can be easily abused and harmed. And if they sat and chatted together they may know how to escape and they may miss behave , in a result of that , they can be hardened criminals .
Offenders under 21 years of age cannot be sentenced to detention unless the sentencing judge is of the opinion no other sentence is appropriate. The type of detention applied will depend on the age of the offender and by the procedure by which they were prosecuted. (p.132) Section 208 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 makes provision for the detention of children in certain cases, these may include : Where a chid is convicted on indictment and the court is of the opinion that no other method of dealing with him is appropriate, it may sentence him to be detained for such a period which shall specify in the sentence; and the child during that period be liable to be detained in such a place and on such conditions as the Secretary of State may direct. Where the child is under 16 they can be court ordered to a secure care unit, however in Henrys case he could be court ordered to spend his sentence in a young offenders institute. Under section 49 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 criminal courts have the power to refer children and young people to the childrens hearing for advice and/or disposal of a criminal case.
In Addition the different perspectives presented by the Supreme Court argues that juveniles who commit murder should not be sentenced to life because it violates the 8th amendment. On the other hand the four justice argues that heinous crimes that are committed by juveniles should always be punished and discuss how even juveniles who do the worst crimes still get considered as “poor children”. The issue of juvenile crime is a complex one. Juveniles are still trying to deal with their identity and at their age they still aren’t clear about who they are. They still have confusion about who they want to be.
A mental illness can make the person commit acts they are not aware of or just have no control over. For instance, people say, “Reliance on juvenile justice systems for the care of the mentally ill adolescent has increased”(NCBI). Yea, maybe the system is helping juveniles with mental illnesses but many countries just lock them up instead of helping them. Prison does not help them, in other words, it makes their illness worse and resources are being wasted in keeping them locked up with no chances of getting
Different environmental factors are often overlooked during the sentencing of juveniles resulting in harsh punishments in efforts to control crime. In recent years, changes have occurred in efforts to revert the focal point back to rehabilitate individuals within the juvenile justice system. With a Juris Doctorate, I aspire to continue fighting for a system that is rehabilitative in nature and strives towards successful reentry of our youth into
As an individual lacks a relationship with their parents it could possibly lead in engaging in delinquency. According to previous research, it is revealed that there is a strong connection between the experience of violence and negative behaviours in children (Osofsky, 1999). Negative aspects such as rejection and neglect in a relationship between a child and a parent could result in the need to turn to delinquency. The negative effects of violence can range from an individual being temporary upset, to post traumatic stress disorder, and to increased aggressive and violent behaviour