And even though some physicians recommend its use, they could still be arrested and prosecuted for “aiding and abetting” (Hoffman & Weber, 2010) against the federal law. But for those states that have legalized it, patients could qualify, with or without a card, and be able to use marijuana for certain medical conditions. Many physicians do not know what stance to take on this issue because even if it is legal within the state, they do not want to risk getting their license taken away
Recently the use of medical marijuana has become a very controversial topic among the community and government. Marijuana has a stereotype with hippies and drug offences, often leading to its medical benefits being overlooked consequently marijuana is only rarely given to patients with extreme conditions. It is not being used efficiently as well as not being used to its potential. Several states in Australia still consider the use of medical marijuana a prohibited act and the few states and territories that don’t prohibit the drug only allow the use for medical conditions. However, it is very restricted regarding who can access the medicine.
In 1619 the Virginia Assembly passed legislation requiring every farmer to grow hemp. Hemp was allowed be exchanged as legal tender in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Maryland. Domestic production flourished until after the Civil War, when imports and other domestic materials replaced hemp for many purposes. In the late nineteenth century, marijuana became a popular ingredient in many medicinal products and was sold openly in public pharmacies (Dionne 2013). Concern about the rising use of marijuana and research linking its use with crime and other social problems created pressure on the federal government to take action.
Marijuana, also known as Cannabis, is derived from the Cannabis plant and is used commonly for either recreational or medical purposes. Marijuana is composed of chemicals such as tetrahydrocannabinol (HTC, and over eighty cannabinoids. Marijuana is acknowledged for providing smokers with a “high” feeling. Since the twentieth century, this illicit drug has been banned across the world. However, over the past few years studies have been conducted on marijuana and the results show that it can actually be helpful in many different areas of society.
Firstly, there is a controversy about lack of the number of support for marijuana medical claim. As we all know, marijuana has already put on use as a medical treatment in hospital for a long time. Accordingly, there is low and moderate-quality evidence supporting the effectiveness of marijuana for medical use. There is a research illustrate that
On January 16th of 1919, the American congress passed the Eighteenth Amendment, making all importing, exporting, transporting, selling, and manufacturing of alcohol illegal. It was not until 1920 that the Amendment was enforced. During the era of progressive reform, 1900-1919 it took much convincing to get congress to pass the Amendment. You have a majority of the population against prohibition because saloons were a social hangout for them where they hosted parties, weddings, etc. Then you have the rest of the population for prohibition because of economic, religious, and health reasons.
The Netherlands did not only make prostitution one of the most profitable, and allowable industries in the country, but also allowed the sale of weed in 1976. At this point, there is over 1,200 authorized shops that sell weed every day. A completely different type of legalization is the one done in Holland. In Holland, dealers who sell illegally are criminally charged, while all drug use is expected to people over the age of 18.
PROS OF MEDICAL MARIJUANA Not too long ago, the United States Congress considered marijuana to have no acceptable medical use and consequent upon this fact, marijuana was placed in Schedule 1 of the Controlled Substances Act. Fast-forward some 48 years later, 29 of the 50 US states and the District of Columbia have legalized the use of marijuana, albeit for medicinal purposes. This is similar trajectory in many countries around the world too. Once considered a harmful substance, research, new science, and irrefutable evidence has proven otherwise, making states and governments adopt its usage in many countries worldwide.
Soon laws were being conceived that would keep people from drinking. But the liquor business was a huge part of the economy, and many people still opposed prohibition. By 1919, 33 states had already enacted their own form of prohibition. And that same year, the Eighteenth Amendment was passed, banning
Even though Nixon started the war on drugs and focused on law enforcement, his administration still allocated some money to treatment and prevention, whereas the Reagan administration focused only on law, order, and punishment. In Ronald Reagan’s radio address to the nation on October 2nd of 1982 he declares, that the battle flag is up, and the United States is going to win the “War on Drugs”. Drug enforcement had seen major increases to their budget, while money for treatment was almost non-existent. Since then, the war on drugs has only caused more racial tension between majority groups and minorities. One major cause of added tension is the practice of racial profiling by law enforcement which increased significantly in the 80’s, when “the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) developed profiling of drug couriers to intercept and reduce interstate drug trafficking” (Sirin 4).
Prohibition increased the amount of crime taking place in american cities, murder, burglary and assault rates increased with the creation of the black market for illegal then substances. Creation of prohibition “helped” in creation of more potent alcohol, young people were exposed to harder liquors that were harmful to their health, due to the fact there was none legal labeling on the alcohol bottles. The current war on drugs had even more drastic results, government started to put more people in jail for not violent crimes, jails started to be filled with inmates that have used the drugs. The drug use policy that is enforced now and the method it uses consist of three parts; first is prevention intervention, second is treatment, and the third one enforcement interventions. The war on drugs in United States limited the tax revenue for the country, and it makes our country looks bad when to compare with other nations; US has the highest incarceration rates on this planet, even though its the country to promote
Baron first introduces cannabis with its early frequent use for medicinal purpose. However, driven by political and social factors rather than scientific factors, this plant has shifted its status from legal to illegal during past decades. Still, Baron points out the fact that cannabis used in medicinal field shows its efficiency in treating a multitude of diseases, especially chronic pain disorders including headache. Students in particular should find this article useful for summarizing the early history of marijuana and answering the question how it became illegal. The political movements mentioned provide social perspective to explain the illegal status of cannabis with details.