For instance, we have treatments for asthma, high blood pressure, and diabetes which were all discovered using animal testing. We also have antibiotics and vaccines to prevent infections (Understanding Animal Research, 2014). According to studies, breast cancer is the most common cancer after non-melanoma skin cancer. The wide range of breast cancer treatments was all discovered and developed through animal testing. Those treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, high-dose x-rays, and hormones such as tamoxifen, Herceptin and aromatase inhibitors (Understanding Animal Research, 2014).
The development of resistance to all kinds of antibiotics in the sensitive bacterial pathogens is a major challenge to infectious disease medicine. The astonishing effects of antibiotics and origin of the genes associated with resistance has been a long mystery. There is growing evidence that the genes that make up this environmental resistome have the potential to be transformed to pathogens and indeed there is some evidence that clinically relevant resistance genes have originated in environmental microbes. Understanding the extent of environmental resistome and its mobilization into pathogenic bacteria is essential for the management and discovery of antibiotics. INTRODUCTION Antibiotics are organic substances produced by microorganisms, capable of inhibiting the growth or destroying another microorganism at low concentrations .
However, everyday biologists discover new medical treatments and medications using animals to prevent people from dying. Drug testing using animals became essential in the twentieth century. Animal testing plays a major role in the improvement of effective medical treatments. Is it important to help a person in need or to save rats that can easily reproduce? Also, researches intent on finding new treatments to improve human life.
The host can be effected by the consumption of contaminated water or food, or having contact with the animals or people. Penicillin, is the first antibiotic that is medically used to fight off a large range of bacterial infection. For this experiment, we will be using ampicillin, it is a part of the penicillin drug group. The ampicillin inhibits the bacteria with the result of killing the bacterium or prevents it from multiplying. “When a bacterium multiplies, small holes open up in their cell walls as the daughter cells divide.
This review summarises the most relevant recent studies on vaccine and plant based development and new treatments using natural resources such as plants, probiotics and nutraceuticals. In addition, novel alternatives based on microorganisms, peptides, polysaccharides, and intragastric violet light irradiation are presented. Alternative therapies have not been effective in eradicating the bacteria but have been shown to maintain low bacterial levels. Keywords: Helicobacter pylori; Treatment; Natural products; Probiotics; Nutraceuticals 1. Introduction Gastric cancer was once considered a single entity.
Both of these cells come from bone marrow. It is also important to note that there are two different type of T cells: CD4 and CD8. After HIV enters the immune system, the first step is infection. This is the step where people can take medication to prevent the HIV from maturing. The second step is when the viruses and their proteins land on infected cells and stimulate the macrophages.
Vaccinations can help prevent future diseases or viruses in the upcoming life of a child. According to an article from vaccines.gov, “Because of advances in medical science, your child can be protected against more diseases than ever before. Some diseases that once injured or killed thousands of children, have been eliminated completely and others are close to extinction- primarily due to stay safe and effective vaccinations.” Throughout the years more viruses have been prevented due to vaccinations in children. There has also been an increase in the amount of children that get vaccinations at a young age. Also stated in the article from vaccines.gov, “ Vaccines are only given to children after a long and careful review by scientists, doctors, and healthcare professionals.
Not only can vaccinated mothers prevent their offspring from developing disease, but making vaccines mandatory can help eradicate them from our future generations. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the leading national public health institute of the United States, Pertussis, Hepatitis B, and Flu vaccines are all vaccines available to pregnant women to prevent their unborn baby from developing these diseases. If these Vaccines were to be made mandatory, there would not be any more babies born with damaging diseases. Beginning the future generations off without disease will prevent deaths and save millions of people. To further this argument, if everyone were to be vaccinated, certain viruses could be eradicated and no longer pose a threat.
Is animal testing vital to human life? Throughout history, many diseases have plagued humanity. Luckily, early scientists implemented an experimental method known as animal testing. “Animal testing allows for the creation of vaccines and as a result provides many benefits to humans” (Sun 84). This approach would allow researchers to test possible cures on animals before administering them to humans.
Based on a study published by Forensic Science International journal, it is clearly revealed that researchers who are experimenting try to minimize animal suffering whenever it is possible. In fact, 60.8% of animal experiments were using anesthetic to reduce the pain involved (Cattaneo, Maderna, Rendinelli, & Gibelli, 2015). Furthermore, animal experiments have been valuable to human beings owing to discoveries that have assisted cure diseases. For this reason, the author Shany Sun (2012), who is in favor of animal testing notifies that human life increase by 23.5 years after using animals in experiments, as stated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. This is another fact that people who are against animal testing agree on.