1. Introduction Slavery did not end with abolition in the 19th century; the practice of slavery continues to exist today in various forms. Despite being illegal in every country in this globalized world, men, women and children are forced to work with their freedom taken by employers of different backgrounds; dehumanized and regarded as property that can be traded. Modern day slavery is driven by the need of inexpensive workforce and the pursuing for higher profit. The ILO estimates that modern-day slavery is a $150 Billion per year business, and more than 20.9 million people are working as modern-day slaves, victims of forced labor, or are trapped in jobs into which they were coerced into and from which they cannot leave.
To begin, it is very imperative and paramount to address the problem of slavery and what it is. Someone is in slavery if they are being forced into something that they do not want to do, and many people do not realize this. “There are tens of millions of people trapped in various forms of slavery throughout the world today. Researchers estimate that 40 million are
Modern day slaves Was slavery really ever stopped? To most people it is but, human trafficking has become the modern day slave trade. Happening every single day and not only in third world-countries. The U.S has become both a supplier and buyer in this world wide crime. What are the stats?
The captains of the ships were greedy as they packed on hundreds of slaves into dense ships and carried them on voyages to the new world. The captains wanted to maximize their profits, putting in as many slaves in the ship as possible. According to Zamba Zembola in her The Life and Adventures of Zamba and African Slave in 1847, she states that “it was found that 15 of them were smothered or crushed to death. The captain seemed considerably vexed; but the only grievance to him was the sudden loss of some five or six thousand dollars”. The captains valued their profits more than the human lives on the ships.
This makes widespread human trafficking issue, as well as the lack of progress to curb it very disheartening, especially for human rights activists. the International Labor Organization, there are still more than 20 million slaves around the world today—about double the number of people in bondage during the transatlantic slave trade. 2. Reason for existing human
According to Suevon Lee’s article, “By the Numbers: The U.S.’s Growing For-Profit Detention Industry”, 128,195 prisoners were held in privately managed facilities as of December 2010. Though this may not seem like a massive number compared to the 2 million+ Americans in jail/prison, the second largest private detention company, The Geo Group, Inc., made around $1.6 billion total revenue in 2011. This much money was made by the 65 correctional facilities that The Geo Group, Inc. owns. Like slaves, prisoners are sent to these private prisons where they are seen as less than human while an outside source profits off of their struggles. Private prisons should be abolished from society.
It’s happening right under your noses. It’s important to note that human trafficking is a very prevalent illegal omission against basic human rights, a crime that has spiraled out of control. Human trafficking has chained many people, forcing them into slavery. Approximately 20 to 30 million drudge who works very hard without proper remuneration or appreciation in the world today. Based on the research done by the U.S. State Department, 600,000 to 800,000 people are traded illegally across intercontinentally every year.
Although human trafficking is often a hidden crime and accurate stats are difficult to obtain, researchers estimate that more than 80 percent of trafficking victims are females and over 50 percent of human trafficking victims are children. Human trafficking is the only area of transnational crime in which women are significantly represented as victims, as perpetrators, and as activists fighting this crime. Sever natural disaster has left millions homeless and impoverished, which have created desperate people easily exploited by human traffickers. After sex, the most common form of human trafficking is forced labor. Researchers argue that as the economic crisis deepens, the number of people trafficked for forced labor will increase.
Chapter 1. Historical and Sociocultural Background of Slavery in The United States of America 1. What is slavery According to Wikipedia, slavery is a system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals as a form of property (''Slavery''). The individuals who are bought as a property are called slaves, and they are people forced to work against their will and without any form of remuneration. Although nowadays slavery is considered as illegal in all countries, the number of slaves around the world has reached 45 million – more than in any other time in the history.
The illicit activity of “Trafficking in Persons” (TIP), often deemed as “modern day slavery,” makes its profits on the exploitation of human rights regarding people as commodities. Enslavement and bondage are still African realities. To be more precise, they are realities around the world. Hundreds of thousands of Africans still suffer in silence in dire situations of forced labor and commercial sexual mistreatment from which they cannot free themselves. People who are vulnerable to trafficking are growing in Africa, which leads to a rise in victims for