base on Tinian Island carrying the massive bomb, Fat Man, which will later be dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. “The Kokura arsenal was the primary target, but it was covered by a heavy ground haze and the bombers couldn’t see the target” (Hiroshima and Nagasaki: 60-years later). The secondary target was the Mitsubishi Torpedo Plant in Nagasaki, Japan. Seventy-four thousand people were killed and seventy-five thousand suffered severe injuries. Nagasaki’s damage was less extensive because the bomb was dropped about two miles off-target.
The use of the atomic bomb have been questioned for the past 73 years. Although the United States’ decision to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki resulted in the social and economic destruction of Japan, ultimately the bombings were justified as this action led to a quick end to the war and displayed the military might of the United States to other threatening and powerful countries. The creation and use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II was imminent as intense weapons were needed to end the war and coerce an immediate Japanese surrender. The progression towards the decision to drop the atomic bombs is extremely important here. The Allies had been battling a massive war with Japan since 1941.
America’s Choice to End the War August 6, 1945, America dropped the world’s first atomic bomb. The atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima was called Little Boy. The dropping of the atomic bomb helped end the war. Some people believe that dropping the atomic bomb was the wrong thing to do. Had American not dropped the bomb, then who knows what the world would be like today.
According to Geoff Brumfiel, there was two main reasons for bombing the cities: to scare the Japanese into surrendering and to test the power of the bomb (“Why did the U.S choose Hiroshima”). The reason Hiroshima was chosen explained by historian, Alex Wellerstein, written by Brumfiel is "Hiroshima is compact," Wellerstein says. "’If you put a bomb like this in the middle of it, you end up destroying almost the entirety of the city.’” (“Why did the U.S choose Hiroshima”). Nagasaki on the other hand is a little more complicated considering it was not the original target. In an article by Alex Wellerstein, it is stated “ The initial
Hiroshima, the bomb named after the city that was demolished by the United States during the final stages of world war two. Harry S. Truman, former president of the United States of America, was in peace negotiations with the United Kingdom, China, and Japan trying to end World War II. “The Potsdam Declaration which called for Japan’s immediate surrender and peace terms was rejected by Japan ”. “Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson felt that it was appropriate to use the United States’ new atomic bomb to end the war quickly and secure the US’s dominant place in the world ”. Whether or not, the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were justified remains in debate up to today.
The bomb was released 15,000 feet above the ground for the maximum destruction. The bomb had many lasting effects. One effect was Leukemia. Leukemia was the deadliest out of the lasting effects. Leukemia started to rise 2 years after the bomb dropped.
The counter-arguments were that the Japanese were already defeated and so ‘why was it necessary to drop the bomb?”. Especially the second type, as evidence suggests that the Japanese were already defeated. Bombing and killing the innocent people shouldn’t ever be justified, however, it was a war and the American government did warn the Japanese about the consequences of continuing the fight. On August 6, 1945, the atomic bomb enriched with uranium, coded “Little boy”, was dropped over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The project was coded ‘Trinity’ when the first and only testing of ‘Little boy’ was on July 16th, 1945, near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
The atomic bomb, also known as the Little Boy, was dropped from the B-29 aircraft Enola Gay and had the equivalence to 15 tons of TNT or about thirteen kilotons of force. Hiroshima was home to about 290,000 citizens and around 49,000 soldiers, about half of which were killed in the physical bombing and exposure to radiation over a 4 month period. The idea for bombing of Hiroshima, also code named Operation Centerboard, was put into idea by the United States during after the defeat of Nazi Germany, while the Japanese Pacific war continued on. The United States wanted to force Japan to surrender as soon as
No one was safe after this invention came to life. Albert Einstein made a comment after the atomic bomb came to life and it states, “We appeal, as human beings, to human beings: Remember your humanity and forget the rest. If you can do so, the way lies open to a new paradise; if you cannot, there lies before you the risk of universal death” (Claypool 100). Oppenheimer will forever live on to be known as the father of the atomic bomb and creator of the most destructive weapon known to
Although an ultimatum was indeed given to Japan at Potsdam, they were not informed of the weapon of mass destruction the United States possessed. It will never be known for sure, but the knowledge that America had an atomic bomb might have caused the Japanese to surrender once and for all. Even if they did not surrender, the Japanese authorities would have at least had a chance to evacuate their citizens from the cities that were the intended targets. Instead, Truman kept the atomic bomb a secret, so that he could try it out. Also, the bomb could have been dropped in a much less populated city, in an effort to save lives.
He became the first President to use the atomic bomb when he ordered the attack of Japan`s two cities Hiroshima, and Nagasaki. The weight of his decision, debated as reasonable or otherwise, understandably troubled him, and influenced his choices leaning toward the reduction of arms; for both the United States and the Soviet Union. He took actions similar to Carl von Clausewitz`s ideas on limited warfare and force in his attempts to resolve Cold War problems, though there was never proof to that he was directly inspired by Clausewitz. Limited warfare would require the nations to withhold their power to a degree in order to maintain the health of society, and assure that the world would not receive any damage that it could not possibly recover from. The Soviets` did not agree to most of Truman`s suggestions to ease the tension, however.
After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands, President Truman dropped two atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Since then, there has been arguments whether the bombs should have been dropped or not. President Truman’s choice to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was really the only option he had back then. Today, the bombs that President Truman dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is thought as a horrible event, but Truman dropped the bombs to save American and Japanese lives, and in the end, shortened the war. Before President Truman decidecd to drop the two atomic bombs, the war with the Japanese had no end insight.
The atomic bomb has a background rich with blood of the innocent and guilty alike, but it also has links to freedom and victory. In August of 1945 President Harry S. Truman placed the okay to drop the atomic bomb on Japan, ultimately ending WWII in the Pacific. The atomic bomb made a devastating impact in Japan, but it lead to V-J Day in WWII. Behind the tragedy put on Japan the bomb created an end to suffrage in European countries, Russia, and America. If I had the chance to convince President Truman I would implore he search for other alternative routes than the extremity of the atomic bomb, but if it was the only way I would say he should use the bomb.
German scientists like Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, and Ernest Rutherford were the first to aid in splitting the uranium atom that was necessary in creating the atomic bomb. These scientist were Jews, therefore during the Holocaust, they had to flee from Germany to America. The American scientists, many of whom came from fascist regimes in Europe, organized a project to exploit the new fission process for military purposes. This took place in 1939 when a conference between Enrico Fermi and the Navy Department was arranged. By the summer of 1939, Albert Einstein presented to Pres.
The atomic bomb is the most destructive weapon of mass destruction mankind currently posses. The Manhattan Project was the research of these bombs by the Americans before and during World War II. The Manhattan Project produced to the bombs that were to hit Hiroshima and Nagasaki. One of the deadliest events ever is when the United States used atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Before World War II even started the Americans started their nuclear weapons project.