Industrial Waste Pytoremediation

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As time goes by, people are racing to develop technologies in order to help solving problems, such as building the industries and all of its machines. However the industrial itself has several drawbacks such as the industrial waste. Sludge soil that contaminated by heavy metal is one of the examples of industrial waste. Heavy metals have a negative effect on human’s health, such as mental disorder. Exploration, transportation, and exploitation of crude oil can cause marine and terrestrial oil pollution. Oil spill is harmfull for marine environment. Lead (Pb) and Cadmium (Cd) in gasoline are the examples of heavy metal that are usually contained in gasoline and it can be stick and make soil is contaminant. Thus, the industrial waste needs a…show more content…
The plant that usually used as mediator is Amarath plant (Amaranthus spinosus)(Terry, N., Banuelos, 2010). Basically, every plant can adsorb the pollutans to the roots and extract contaminant from soil or water and concentrate them in their tissue, and then degrade pollutants by biotic and abiotic process. The Phytoremediation plant is mainly used for extracting heavy metals and organic contaminant from soil,such as Amaran. There are three categories of plants that can grow in contaminated area: Tolerant, indicator, and hyper accumulator. Amarant has a hyper accumulator that capable to uptake high concentration of contaminant without damaging its growth. (Khoramnejadian, S.,2014). The mechanism involved in phytoremediation is plant could take up heavy metal, solvent, aromatic carbon, and other contaminants from soil, sludge and water. However phytoremediation is not suitable for high contaminated sites, limited to the surface area. the purpose of this study is to evaluate the precise concentration of Amaranth in order to give the best result in degrading the polutant level in soil that contaminate…show more content…
There is no specific differences between every sample, however it was observed that the leaves of Amaranth plant were darker in sample 1 and sample 2, because it was contain high nickel and cadmium concentration in the soil (Ziaranti, P. , Somaye, 2014). By determining characteristic heavy metals especially Nickel and cadmium, they are still important because it contain micronutrients for the plants, but the higher amount of it could be have toxicity. High level in cadmium, have a negative effect for food chain of microorganism, it will damage the living tissue (Ziaranti, P. , Somaye,

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