created a need for further examination of this subject matter. The next chapter will look into theories involving the likelihood a person/law officer can become corrupt. Factoring in PTSD in with theories creates a phenomenon that police work creates the foundation for corruption. Although the upcoming appendix will show police stressors, many researchers have agreed that police stressors and corruption are methodological errors and no directly a result of the job demands. Police stress research has offered a diverse look into personality characteristics.
Bail is a fundamental issue in administration of criminal justice system. An accused is said to be admitted to bail when he is released from the custody of police or court. In turn, the sureties accept the responsibilities to produce the accused to answer, at a specified time and place, the charge against him. Although bail ensures avoidance of unnecessary sufferings of presumably innocent person, it may conversely hamper administration of justice by enabling the accused person to abscond or to threaten the victims and witnesses. Granting or rejection of bail may also result into economic and social difficulty for the families of victim and witnesses.
When a crime is committed and an individual is caught in the act, there is a set process that one follows to adhere to the rules of the criminal justice system. This method can be simplified by looking at the common flow of events: (1) an individual is arrested, (2) individual is brought to court, (3) individual receives a punishment. Though it may appear that the way in which the criminal justice system functions is sufficient, many voice the concern that there are certain key players affected by crimes that are consistently disregarded. These players are otherwise known as the victims and the community. As a result, many have hypothesized a new approach to justice that incorporate all aspects of crime.
The law is becoming more flexible with criminals in a way that there is not enough punishment against them, with the exact punishment a criminal could understand about his mistakes. The law should be applied strict according to the grade of the crime a criminal commit, if the law continues with flexibility of punishment, criminals will commit crime since the moment they get out of jail. Some of the changes created for a more flexible way to evade punishment are the incorporation of rehabilitation for criminals, the creation of parole, the creation of probation, the use of “parens patriae”, the
Yi Ding BUSN201-86N Ms. Richards 19 June 2016 Tort reform Nowadays, tort reform is a controversial problem in the United States. By comparing the pros and cons of tort reform from different aspects, I think that tort reform is necessary. The textbook, “Business law today” (2014), clarifies that tort is a wrongful act that results in harm or injury to another and leads to civil liability. Tort law is designed to compensate those who have suffered a loss or injury due to another person 's wrongful act. Many people are in favor of tort law because the purpose of the tort law is to “provide remedies for the invasion of various protected interests (Miller & Jentz, 2014)”.
Question Presented Q-1) Is there the requirement of parity of default rules in case of incomplete contracts? Q-2) Is there a need of default rules? ANSWERS RELATED TO THE FACTS Ans-1) The default rules for incomplete contracts can be similar to the same type of cases. As we know there is too much burden on judiciary and so many cases are also pending in the court so by applying similar default rules on the similar cases it will save the time of judges and can also fill the gaps more effectively. Ans-2) Yes, default rules are very important for the incomplete contracts to save the other party from loss in case of default of another party.
This assignment will attempt to shed more light on the use of coercion in interrogations, give scenarios when this type of interrogations should be used as well as giving examples of techniques used in coerce interrogation. Relentless persuasion of a suspect as guilty without concrete evidence, coercing a suspect to confess under immense pressure and containing a suspect’s perspective by feeding them with a factual statement about a crime they did not commit is not ethical. Often criminal confessions obtained through the use of physical force are considered coerced, and in most cases, they cannot be used against the accused in a court of law. Scientists believe that police coercion may have an even more powerful impact and influence on venerable people such as juveniles, the mentally disabled and the mentally ill who admit to the crime to escape the long,
The professional or reform era ascended due to the impact of the steps taken to separate police works from the influence of local politicians (Kelling & Moore, 1989). Even though time has carried us to the community era of policing, still corruption is a serious challenge for effective policing. Some police officers do not even understand what an act of corruption is, while others rationalize their act of corruption. In this article police corruption and ways to reduce corruption is critically examined. Furthermore, some common and serious forms of corruption are discussed in this article.
There are quite a few things I am not allowed to discuss, due to confidentiality, but the things that I can discuss are the observations of court hearings, pre-trials, and revocation hearings. I found it to be very interesting how the judge informs the offender of his or her rights under the United States Constitution before the offender states whether guilty or not and that if the offender pleads guilty that his or her rights are then taken and would rest in the federal courts hands. Usually when the offender pleads guilty, they are under oath, being recorded, and tend to get the lesser sentence, but that is not always the case. It just depends on the case and what all is involved as far as the crime committed and the offender’s history. If the offender pleads not guilty, then there will be a trial that forms on a later date.
The question whether poverty breed violent conflict or violent conflict cause poverty is very complex and difficult to answer. Many scholars have different views. Some are in the favor of poverty led violence other having different opinion. This phenomenon is interlinked. In some situations, poverty and under development is caused by violence and on the other hand violence is been the main source of destruction of poverty and underdevelopment .It is observed that those people who live in poverty and belong to poor class are more prone to violence.