This is biased-based policing and not permitted to happen in any of the states in America. Many of the areas that individuals yell racial profiling are destitute high crime areas, which typically have a large African American community. This would make it seem as though the police harassing African Americans, even though they are not. According to Dempsey and Forst, “biased-based policing is a form of discrimination that singles out people of racial or ethnic group due to the belief that these groups are more likely than others to commit certain types of crimes” (335). If one wants to look at this closer than one would need to go back to the UCR that shows that it is not African
For millions of Americans, the presents of a uniformed police officer bring comfort and assurance that order in being kept amongst our society. For others, the feeling of being stopped because they look or act a certain way bring frustration and fear amongst minorities. Criminal profiling is a high-profile issue facing law enforcement, due to criticisms about how profiling’s were carried out. Difference in police exists. Whether profiling is the exception or the rule, it is highly debated across the United States.
Several law enforcement agencies have gone through expensive litigation over civil rights concerns. Police-citizen relations in those communities have been strained, making policing more challenging. Most importantly, racial profiling is unlikely to be an effective policing strategy as criminals can simply shift their activities outside the profile (e.g., if racial profiling begins with police stopping black males in their teens and twenties for being drug carriers, criminals may start using other demographic groups — such as Hispanics, children or the elderly — to move drugs). Despite training to avoid discrimination, officers may still rely on cultural stereotypes and act on their perceptions of a person 's characteristics (such as age, race or gender)” (National Institute of Justice, 2013). Either way, there must be adequate training to prevent certain actions from occurring by the police.
Most of these incidents go unreported or unnoticed. Recently the alarming amount of unarmed minorities that have been killed by the police has created an outrage across the U.S. and hatred and distrust towards police. Police Brutality has been going on for countless years, but now with communication media the country sees it more often and people react faster. Many people believe it 's a race issue and that is one of the reasons and one important factor that leads to police brutality. When that act of violence does occur, most police officers aren 't liable.
Sure, there are surveys and statistics all over the internet, are these really true? “Not so fast” says the Manhattan Institute, “the charge is police have ‘too many’ interactions with minorities, but this leaves the questions’ too many’ compared to what”? This is exactly the problem we are facing against the opposing opinion. An officer only does a “stop and frisk” if they see something that looks suspicious. This also leads an officer to suspicion by behavioral tensions such as nervousness, threatening behavior, and of course absence of license plate.
Throughout history, disputes and tensions between law enforcement officials and communities of minorities have endured hostility and violence between each other. Racial profiling has become a “hot topic” for researchers as well as for politicians and by now it is likely that most citizens are at least aware of the common accusations of racial bias pitted against law enforcement (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Communities of color are being discriminated against and racially profiled by white police officers for any suspicion of criminal activities. It has been widely assumed by policy makers and citizens alike that allegations of racial profiling are mostly associated with the policing practices of white officers and their treatment of racial and ethnic minorities (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Also, individuals of minority descent will certainly recognize that they are being racially profiled during a stop that is being conducted by a white police officer.
But what people call racism has always occurred even in recent days. In addition, racism today is becoming too complicated to solve, compared to that of the past. During the Civil Rights movement, what racist did was easy enough to distinguish. For example, black people were not allowed to enter certain restaurants only because they are black people. But today, police officers can justify their killing as proper law enforcements.
The United states and their police forces are doing the best they can to help keep the peace, but from bad publicity and less community policing they can barely hold on. Also anti-police movements of citizens who disagree with the force officer's use during arrests makes the officer's concern for safety even greater. However,the media will only report the negative sides of police and their duties they do everyday. Next the police are targeted by people and have been in the 60s and more recently in the past couple months. In the 1960s Police were targeted by the Black Panther party and had at least 13 planned killings of police that the authorities know of.
In some cases, police harassment simply meant people of African descent were more likely to be stopped and questioned by the police, while at the other extreme, they have suffered beatings, and even murder, at the hands of White police. Questions still arise today about the disproportionately high numbers of people of African descent killed, beaten, and arrested by police in major urban cities of America. Since the mid-1900s the words law enforcement and policing have been used interchangeably. In order to understand the present, one must understand the past relationships between law-enforcement and African-Americans. The Webster’s Unabridged Deluxe defines black as of the darkest color; opposite of white ; a Negro; dirty; evil; wicked; without hope.
It’s evident that America has racial problems. There have been many shouts and speeches that silenced racism, however, did it silence it for good or just long enough? In the twenty-first century, racism has disguise itself in a new form; systematic racism. “Rooted in a racist foundation, systemic racism today is composed of intersecting, overlapping, and codependent racist institutions, policies, practices, ideas, and behaviors that give an unjust amount of resources, rights, and power to white people while denying them to people of color” (Jay,200). In 2014, an unarmed eighteen-year-old African American man, Michael Brown was gunned down by a white Ferguson police officer.
Race has assumed a major part is these inquiries also. Out of the 114 police stops, a shocking 96 were African-American residents, and 30% of those 96 stops were more than liable to be illegal, contrasted with 22% of whites that were ceased. Ruthlessness has likewise been an issue connected with these unlawful movement stops. It 's so basic between cops that there 's an inclination for rehashed misuse of force and it 's fundamentally transformed into the "standard". This isn 't great on the grounds that with cops speculation like that it gives them to some degree a need to overstep the law.
Racial profiling by law enforcement is an overwhelmingly useless and prevalent expression of hate and ignorance to this day. Internationally, a wide variation of races are unrightfully discriminated against by the enforcements who are supposedly there to protect them. Jim Crow policing is an issue that undoubtedly continues, no matter the amount of riots or unjustly arrested/ murdered civilians. Cases like Trayvon Martin, and Mike Brown, as well as Bob Herbert 's article Jim Crow Policing published in the New York Times, February 2nd 2010, explain first hand accounts and statistics to give examples of the fact that racial profiling from the police force consistently takes place. Jim Crow Policing is written by one out of the many men, women,
Stop question and frisk has created a lot of controversy because of the misuse police officer are giving it. Evidence provided by the Huffington Post and the New York Times suggest that many of these stops can be attributed to racial. in a 2011 Statistic given by the Center for Constitutional Rights, show that black and Latinos are disproportionately stopped, black make the 51% of the people being stop and frisk and Latinos/Hispanic make the 33%. But, this not enough to say that stop question and frisk is not a useful tactic and that is not a good tool for officer and community safety. Journalists have mentioned about an increase in murder in New York City, and one of the reasons to this is that the city has settled the practice of stop question and frisk because "the department 's stop and frisk tactics were unconstitutional" said the judge Shira A. Scheindlin of Federal District Court.
"It has been reported that some police officers stop motorists of certain racial or ethnic groups because the officers believe that these groups are more likely than others to commit certain types of crimes. Do you believe that this practice, known as "racial profiling," is widespread or not?" What happened to Michael Brown Jr. in Ferguson, Missouri has resonated across the country with African Americans because all of us feel that it could have easily happened to anyone of us. Every incident involving a police officer and African male could’ve been avoided if the officers wanted them to. In Eric Garner’s case, for example, police targeted him for the petty crime of selling loose cigarettes, the types of crimes black people are targeted for
The abuse violates the Fifth and Fourteenth amendments of the United States Constitution because brutality is directed against minority groups and otherwise powerless populations. “African Americans across the country, the CERD explained in a press conference, bear a disproportionate amount of the burden associated with economic and social disparity” (Charles Pulliam-Moore, 2014, para. 2). Officers who engage in brutality rationalize their use of extra legal force, they claim they are punishing those groups that threaten to disrupt the social order. The importance of understanding racism in the context of police brutality cannot be underestimated.