Firstly, the questions in the numeracy test rely heavily on the student’s prior experiences in mathematics. So, instead of testing the mathematical understanding of the student, it tests how well the student has been taught mathematics. This became apparent to me when I was completing the test, because I found the questions that I had previously been exposed to at school a lot easier to answer. In comparison, I found the questions that I had never come across a lot more difficult, even if the actual mathematics involved was at a similar complexity level. This notion reduces the validity of NAPLAN due to the fact that it assesses how well the students have been directly taught for the test, rather than the mathematical ability of the students.
In Alfie Kohn’s argument, “Who’s Cheating Whom?” he explains that cheating happens because students are not engaged in class because of a few different factors, like a lack of interest in a subject, or the pressures of getting good grades instead of learning. He states evidence from different experiments, allowing him to appear more credible, showing that students are more likely to cheat because their school puts more emphasis on how well students do on tests and homework versus how much is being learned in class. Kohn effectively argues that if students were truly engaged in what is being taught, and learning was more encouraged than memorizing and passing a test, cheating would be less of a problem. In simplest terms, cheating is wrong because teachers cannot accurately assess how much is being learned in class, and what they need to improve on the next time they teach that lesson.
Now that I’ve described to you the basic arguments against standardized tests do you want students sitting in a room filling in millions of bubbles taking a test that is supposed to prove how smart you or when it really only proves how well you can take a standardized test or do you want to eliminate standardized testing and focus on truly educating our youth? A lot of people think that standardized test are good because they can show a student’s performance. “Up to date on the latest in educational studies, he summarizes research on multiple intelligences,” The test may show the students’ performance, but it may not be on a subject the student really shines in, considering people learn in their own way. Albert Einstein said something that really puts this into a perspective that’s easy to understand, “Everybody is a genius, but if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it 'll spend it 's whole life thinking that it is stupid.” What he means by this is that if a smart student takes a test he knows nothing about, then they will think that they are stupid,
But by the help of good people, he was inspired and has dreams. And also he reached his goal. Will’s condition is so different from normal people and it may some people to think that he has mental disorder. But many people are surprised by his math skill especially when he solved the math problems that an MIT professor writes on a hallway chalkboard. For the students, these problems are too difficult to solve, but for Will, they 're easy.
Providing student-written examples would help other students perfect their own writing. Proven in multiple studies, teaching by example is clearly the most effective method. Education professionals John Sweller, Paul Kirschner, and Richard Clark discovered that “exploration practice (a discovery technique) caused a much larger cognitive load and led to poorer learning than worked-examples practice. (Clark)” In previous studies, Sweller showed that learning from examples led to better outcomes: “Algebra students learned more studying algebra worked examples than solving the equivalent problems.
According to John Bishop, “School and homework show students the important life lessons, such as how to read and communicate with others, that they will use as an adult.” Students can learn how important planning, staying organized and taking action is just from doing homework. Homework gives the students an opportunity to learn how to work independently. Although I understand that assigning homework is not beneficial at times, I still believe that assigning homework can teach students many skills and even help teachers. Assigning homework to students is constructive, therefore teachers should assign homework because it allows students to gain responsibility, time-management, perseverance, self-esteem, homework also gives students a chance to review the class material, and it also helps teachers determine how well the lessons and materials are being understood by their students.
Therefore, studies show that grades serve as being a positive incentive in the lives of students. Students are motivated by the incentive of receiving a good grade before handing in any assignment or while writing a test. Grades are so powerful that they judge a student’s standpoint academically and function as whether or not a student can get scholarship. A questionnaire done by Emil Stan for International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology, concluded that 60% teachers said that students were motivated by grades so that they learn. Whereas, 38% [of teachers] said no students are not motivated by grades and the other 2% had answers such as often no and sometimes yes (Educational Leadership: New Roles, New Relationships: Where).
If we don't do anything to identify students who are struggling and have difficulties, then it will play a part in their education for the rest of their academic careers and potentially their lives outside of academics such as in their careers and/or personal life. Currently, there are a few ways to see if children and students are struggling with mathematics and numeracy. These methods include, screenings, tests, activities that test mathematical knowledge or a combination of them. The most easiest method to administrate, but not always the most reliable method is testing (Jordan et al. 182).
This gradual increase in gaining knowledge is also what occurs while being educated in school. For instance, what I learnt in IGSCE Maths was much simpler and inaccurate in comparison to what I’m learning now IB Maths. However, what I had previously learnt was crucial for developing my understanding in this subject despite being rather inaccurate compared to now. This indicates, that as a first step we can partially sacrifice accuracy so that we can be simple for being capable of gaining
1 It helps people who have disabilities to be able to write their own papers , and even sometimes it helps them be able to speak a little. It helps children with disabilities be able to do their homework too. 2 It demonstrate that they are not just labeled with the disability they have , but instead it shows them that they can easily do just as much and as good as the other children can do.
Michael Oakeshott, an English Philosopher, was a conservative thinker who wrote on the topic of rationalism and its effects on political life. In his essay “Rationalism in Politics” Oakeshott is fast to characterize rationalists, stating that they are “...thought free from obligation to any authority...” and that they have “...no opinion, no habit, no belief, nothing so widely held that he hesitates to question it and to judge it by what he calls his ‘reason’.” (Oakeshott pg.6) Moreover, Oakeshott continues throughout his article to characterize rationalists by explaining two types of knowledge. The first type of knowledge he coins is technical while the second type of knowledge is practical.