The Pros And Cons Of Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis

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Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) internal

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis or PGD is a procedure which is used before implantation to help identify genetic defects in embryos which are created through in vitro fertilisation or IVF, in order to prevent certain diseases or disorders being passed on to the child. In vitro fertilisation is process in which the egg is fertilised by the sperm outside the body and in a glass dish.

A socio-scientific issue is a controversial social issue which relates to science. It usually has multiple solutions and are open-ended problems. Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is a socio-scientific issue because due to different individuals perspectives, morals and opinions it is questioned when a human actually becomes a human. Is it when the zygote is formed, or after
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When it is decided what is a ‘human’ then at whatever stage the embryo or baby is at then the treatment is considered to be under human rights. During the process of PGD instead of being implanted into the mother some embryos are often discarded due to them have inheritable disorders or abnormalities which could affect the offspring. For an individual who believes that a human starts when it is an embryo, the discarding of the unfavourable embryos after the results of PGD could be suggested that it is murder. This is where PGD becomes an ethical issue because is it morally acceptable to terminate a fertilised embryo which could otherwise if implanted live a happy and healthy life? Where is the fine between a human and an embryo and what is the limitation in which the process of PGD should not happen?

The main purpose of PGD is to test for inheritable disorders or
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