In this article, ''Computer-assisted reminiscence therapy: developing practice,''(December 2013) Alan Pringle and Sharlotte Somerville explain an experimental project in which the use of new technology helps to recover the patient with dementia. According to the authors reminiscence therapy works very well for the patients with short-term memory loss . As the Dementia starts becoming chronic it can lead the patient to physical and mental behavior disorders. Pringle and Somerville discusses in the article that reminiscence therapy helps to cure Dementia by making a connection with a patient ,so patients can trust nurses and response to reminiscence therapy.
He argued that humans can receive pleasure from any number of objects. He further argued that, as humans develop, they become fixated on different and specific objects through their stages of development—first in the oral stage, exemplified by an infant's pleasure in nursing, then in the anal stage, exemplified by a toddler's pleasure in evacuating his or her bowels, then in the phallic stage; focus on genitals. In the latency period, Freud contended, male infants become fixated on the mother as a sexual object. This is known as the Oedipus complex, a phase brought to an end by threats of castration, resulting in the Castration anxiety.
It is crucial for a therapist to present a safe, peaceful and nonjudgmental environment to gain the trust of the client. When working with a crisis client, the therapist may have more of a challenge to obtain eye contact whereas a client that is not in crisis may feel ashamed. There is always a level of uncertainty with both the therapist and client in the first few initial meetings. The client may be wondering if they will be judged or accepted. Vulnerability is
A physician has an unenviable position. He is closest to man approaching a god-like stature and when that god stumbles, the consequences can be disastrous. This is even more so in the field of psychiatry where the fact that mental illness exists is not disputed, but the diagnoses and treatment is often suspect. However, despite the demise of 'doctor knows best ', we still need to trust a psychiatrist since diagnosis is based on a patient 's expressed thoughts and overt behaviours rather than solely on biological phenomena. This requires not only that the patient trust the doctor, but even before that, the doctor appreciates and understands the context of those behaviours; behaviours that are influenced by the patient 's environment.
It is all about the amount of empathy the therapist contains.
During this roundtable discussion, I realized that the relationship between a therapist and a client can become very complicated; especially when a client becomes defensive. I think that as a therapist, it would be difficult to react appropriately to challenging statements made by a client. Personally, I would feel the need to become defensive when responding to a client. Although through this exercise, I learned that the client will challenge the therapist in attempt to reflect the attention on the therapist.
Previous problems might still be in effect. Likewise, any negative experience associated with the mental health specialist or the negative outcome of the treatment is most likely to influence the client’s attitude and cooperation toward both treatment and the therapist. Moreover, previous diagnosis and medication are essential data for the counseling process. Sometimes clients cannot name their previous diagnosis, and give details about past and current problems. Nevertheless, therapists can gain insight into the client’s mental health history by considering his/her medications and mental health report.
There have been many cases that were held based on repressed memories and most cases are of child abuse. Researchers say that children have repressed memories of traumatizing events is due to that so they can continue having a normal life. (Psychology, n.d., pg.274, para.1) One of the most high-profiled legal case regarding repressed memories is the one against Paul R. Shanley, a Roman Catholic priest, that was convicted of child abuse after over a decade of the incident. The accuser recollected his memories at the age of 25, when his girlfriend gave him a phone call and told him about a newspaper article about clergy sexual abuse and Mr. Shanley.
Psychoanalysis was first introduced by Sigmund Freud and is now known as classical psychoanalysis. The theory, as defined by Sigmund Freud, is the dynamic between underlying forces that determine behavior and personality. He stressed the importance of human sexuality, childhood experiences, and the unconscious processes. However, his theory was seen as misogynistic and narrow focused. Consequently, classical psychoanalysis was criticized and rejected by many scholars.
DISCUSSION From the beginning, the therapist had to deal with own doubts and anxiety. The therapist had heard a lot about the psychodynamic psychotherapy but this was the first time he conduct the sessions by himself. Unlike pharmacotherapy, there is no standard clinical practice guideline or recommendation for the therapist to refer to or follow. The therapist was worried that he was unable to conduct the therapy effectively and his patient would not benefit from the therapy.
Freud also drove a strong movement that sex drive is the most important motivating force. “He went on to identify that at times in our lives we find different areas on our bodies pleasurable and today these are known as erogenous zones. These ideas mixed together to form Freud’s Psychosexual Stage Theory which is still taught in textbooks today”. This theory consisted of five different stages. The first is the oral stage, in it a newborns to eighteen month old infants find pleasure from the mouth, specifically, sucking.
These are coping ways adopted by the EGO when it cannot deal realistically with the development of personality which occurs in different phases of a person’s development period. These stages are called the psychosexual stages of development. Techniques Used In Psychoanalytic Theory Psychoanalytic therapy contains several therapeutic techniques. These techniques are aimed at assisting create an awareness and bring an insight into the client's behavior.
Psychoanalytic Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) is reflected as the forefathers of psychology and founder of psychoanalysis. Based on Freud’s theories, psychoanalytic therapy is a type of treatment that tends to observe at the background from early childhood to perceive if these situations have affected the individual’s life, or to current issues. (Counselling Directory, 2014) This therapy discovers how the unconscious mind empowers thoughts and behaviors, with the purpose of offering insight and resolution to the person seeking therapy. This form of therapy is a long-term treatment whereby it can take duration up to weeks, months or even years depending on the complexity of the patient being explored.