Diversification is the most important component in reaching long-term financial goals. It is important that investors diversify among different asset classes such as stocks and bonds. This decision is usually made in asset allocation served as the core strategic overlay in providing a benchmark before any further tactical or market timing positioning of securities. Diversification could occur across asset classes and geographically too meaning international stocks, allowing for construction of asset combinations with return and volatility characteristics that are acceptable to many investors with different risk tolerance levels and investment goals. When selecting securities to invest in another way of diversifying is to buy securities in the same asset class that are not affected by the same variables such as grocery stores, airline companies, entertainment companies, technology, they are completely different businesses.
The capital business sector is the business sector for securities, where organizations and the legislature can raise long haul stores. The capital business sector incorporates the stock exchange what 's more, the security market. Money related controllers, for example, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, direct the capital markets in their individual nations to guarantee that financial specialists are ensured against extortion. The capital markets comprise of the essential business sector, where new issues are appropriate to financial specialists, and the optional business sector, where existing securities are exchanged. (n.d.).
If hedge funds managers borrow money from bank, it may lead bank lost a lot of money. However, financial institutions bulid up a system which is Counterparty Credit Risk Management, so this system become the first line defense between unregulated hedge funds and regulated financial institutions (Kambhu 2007). As Kambhu (2007) said ‘In general, a financial institution may be willing to extend credit to the hedge fund against the posting of specific collateral that is valued at no less than the amount of the exposure. This reduction in settlement risk in leveraged trading increases confidence and thereby promotes active financing of leveraged trading’. As a result, this CCRM system could reduce some risks, make hedge funds safer and attract more
GK’s liquidity management process, as carried out within the Group through the ALCOs and treasury departments includes: o Monitoring future cash flows and liquidity on a daily basis o Maintaining a portfolio of highly marketable and diverse assets that can easily be liquidated as protection against any unforeseen interruption to cash flow o Maintaining committed lines of credit Currency Risk Currency risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in foreign exchange rates. GK manages its foreign exchange risk by ensuring that the net exposure in foreign assets and liabilities is kept to an acceptable level by monitoring currency
Goldman Sachs: Power and Peril I am strongly agree with the action of SEC. The main problem of any financial and banking firm is Asymmetric Information (Adverse Selection and Moral Hazard). Adverse Selection is the risk before the money transaction while Moral Hazard is risk after money transaction. But before going directly into subject, we will understand the element involve in the case. The main role of SEC is to ensure that the stock markets operate in such a direction that it will create fair atmosphere for all investors.
The objective of financial statements is to provide information about the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of an entity that is useful to a wide range of users in making economic decisions. The going concern concept is fundamental concept for the preparation of financial statements. Some financial reporting frameworks contain an explicit requirement for management to make a specific assessment of the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern, and standards regarding matters to be considered and disclosures to be made in connection with going concern. For example, International Accounting Standard (IAS) 1, “Presentation of Financial Statements” requires management to make an assessment of an entity’s ability to continue as a going
Do not simply look at the expected yield, but also consider the concentration, quality and lease length of the underlying properties. Some of the risks associated with investing in REITs include: Market Risk: REITs are traded on the stock exchange and the prices are subject to demand and supply conditions, just like other stocks. Investors could receive less than the original investment amount when they sell their units in a REIT. The prices generally reflect investors’ confidence in the economy, the property market and its returns, the REIT management, interest rates, and many other factors. Like other stocks, investors must be able to tolerate such price movements.
Besides, it is a critical tactic in evaluating the company’s economic prospects and risks and also to protect investment considering the fact that its propels investors to craft and implement productive decisions and plans such as investing in equity or debt securities, extending credit through short or long term loans, valuing a business in an initial public offering (IPO), and evaluating restructurings including mergers, acquisitions, and divestitures, all drawn up with respect to the development and sustainability of the firm's operations towards hitting the market waves aimed at detailing colossal profits. Furthermore, Financial analysis determine the level of business operations, continuity or incoherence of the business; level of manufacturing product acquisition, extent of service expansion, purchase or rent/lease of production machinery and equipment, and the issuance of stocks, negotiation for bank loan and investment of capital; thus allowing the management to decide and implement alternatives to enhance business operations. Conclusively, the core rationale of financial statement analysis is
Introduction Banks and other financial institutions plays an active role in meeting the financial needs of individuals and corporate entities. One of the principal activities performed by banks is to serve as intermediary between lenders and borrowers. Indeed, banking can be said to thrive principally on intermediation which is the process of lending money out to borrowers at a relatively high rate compared to the deposit interest rate. However, some conditions subsist that leads to the erosion of this role performed by banks and this is referred to as disintermediation. In the general sense, disintermediation refers to a situation where the activities of middlemen are avoided in the course of a transaction.