Although slavery was declared over after the passing of the thirteenth amendment, African Americans were not being treated with the respect or equality they deserved. Socially, politically and economically, African American people were not being given equal opportunities as white people. They had certain laws directed at them, which held them back from being equal to their white peers. They also had certain requirements, making it difficult for many African Americans to participate in the opportunity to vote for government leaders. Although they were freed from slavery, there was still a long way to go for equality through America’s reconstruction plan.
They have the best luck with farming and since it is in such great demand in Europe it is a multi-million pound industry. But the indentured servants from Britain are not coming as much because Britain has already sent the poor people out as indentured servants (unlike any of the other colonies). So the Portuguese see opportunity. They go to Africa and they find the Africans who are already being held as slaves in their own country. They pay the African tribal leaders for slaves.
Slavery was allowed in New England but very few people owned slaves. The Northern Colonies decided to take the weakling way out. The Northerners slowly emancipated the slaves once America became a nation. Since the problem was down South they treated slavery as a peculiar institution. They tried to do their best to ignore it but unfortunately, it was impossible to ignore.
The way in which the colonies made enough money to support England was based off as the geography of the land and how conducive the use of agriculture and cash-crops would be. The different climates of the New England and Chesapeake created different economies for each. In New England, the economy was based on shipbuilding and fishing because of long winters and the rocky soil that was not fertile. New England colonies, founded by primarily large families, only had small family farms as a result of the climate and turned to trade and industry rather than agriculture. The lack of need for farming for the economy led to the abolishment of slavery, as it was seen as unnecessary based off the economy.
Although not every African American was a slave, slavery came to only be limited to people of African descent. Throughout the time of slavery, white people were worried that the slaves were going to rebel. Fearing that the slaves were gonna cause more trouble colonial authorities wrote slave codes. These slave codes prohibited slaves to own their own weapons, leave the plantation without permission and even meet in large groups. The slave rebelled up until slavery ended in 1865.
While Reconstruction after the Civil War seemed to have promise for former slaves, there were still many hardships. President Andrew Johnson’s leniency with the south during this decisive period allowed for there to be debate over what the fate of freed slaves should be. Some believed that continuing to work in the fields they were once slaves in was the best option for blacks because of their past as field workers, while others believed that there were more options for blacks than just farm work as seen in the schools built in the south for the black population by the Freedman’s Bureau. However, the question still remained as to what freedom for blacks truly meant. People’s opinions on what freedom for ex-slaves needed to be depended exclusively on their race and their socioeconomic status.
Slavery was a predominant factor in the South’s way of life. Notably, slaves provided free labor for plantation owners. Many colonists that remained loyal to Britain when the idea of independence first made its round, known as Loyalists, typically were members of the wealthy class in the Deep South. In other words, Loyalists supported Britain, and did not want to become independent from Britain. The British encouraged slaves of rebel masters to escape to British lines, though they were sometimes equivocal on whether the runaways would actually be freed (Frank, 2008).
The ratification of civil rights legislation created only a beginning of a change because the Emancipation Proclamation failed to free all slaves, Whites did not view Blacks as social equals, and most Southern Whites would not cooperate with the new laws. Despite the hardship and the tortures of the American slave system, Blacks continued to move forward, innovate, and trailblaze a new path to make America more
There existed reasons other than slavery on behalf of the South 's breakaway. The demonstrations of division in America coexisted many: utopian societies, clashes over public space, backlash alongside immigrants, urban rebellions, black demonstration, and Indian oppositions. America was a separated land in need of change with the South in the biggest demand. The South trusted heavily on agriculture, equally opposed to the North, which was vastly populated and an industrialized union. The South produced cotton, which remained its main cash crop and countless Southerners knew that hefty reliance on slave labor would damage the South ultimately, but their forewarnings were not regarded.
The American Revolution had an impact on slavery. The Revolution had conflicting Effects on slavery. The northern states abolished the institution outright. In the South, the Revolution severely disturbed slavery, but ultimately white Southerners succeeded in supporting the institution . The Revolution also inspired African-American resistance against slavery.
Another issue is that almost all African people had to become slaves. White people had a choice rather they wanted to or not, but African people had no choice. Most of the time they would not free after their term was up. It wasn’t fair to them because white immigrants got to be free after their contract was over and they were on their feet again. A final issue with indentured servitude was
The farming industry also prospered outdoing local people and needed other resources to work these growing farms. Indentured servants were the way to go, but these young men wanted more and ended up rebelling for their rights. After the rebel masters were precocious with who they wanted to which they resorted to African Americans. African American were treated cruelly, but some colonies had started to realize that, Northern colonies that thrived in merchant businesses stood up to slavery and wanted it abolished compared to the south who strived for more slavery. In result of the animosity the Mason-Dixon line was created to split the states of slavery rights.
Unsurprisingly, the colonist’s urge to move westward intensified and they repaid the Natives by throwing them out of their homes, slaughtering and taking over their lands. That started Native/Colonist tension, and other notable war between these two was the Yamasee War (fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717). Later on the colonists went on to abuse of another group of people, this time the Africans. The first Africans were brought to Jamestown in 1619 (as slaves) but slavery didn’t really boom until the mid 1680’s when black slaves outnumbered white servants. Black slaves helped build the economic foundations of this nation of ours, and without them the colonists may have not flourished as they did.
It didn’t help that the slave duty was at a whopping twenty percent. This only brought the farmers into more debt with which their tobacco could not render enough profit to get them out of. According to William Allason, the poor farmers were dedicated to lowering the duty on slaves as low as possible as opposed to shutting down the slave trade altogether, for the farmers needed hands to cultivate their product. (Holton, 71) Britain sided with the gentry’s opponents which were the poor farmers. This example of camaraderie between the British and the poor Virginians establishes the farmers’ stance on independence; despite the troubles they have had with the economy, the poor farmers are so bad off that they would rather turn to Britain (home of the Parliament that imposed sanctions negatively affecting the economy) for aide in lowering the duty on slaves.
When blacks in the North were freed, they were given the right to own property and pay taxes. However, according to the Voting and Jury Rights of Blacks in the North: 1860 chart, the were denied the right to serve on jury duty unless the black male was in Massachusetts after 1860 (Doc A). This example shows that even though slaves were free, the feeling of white superiority and power over blacks still remained. The whites felt that blacks could not represent the United States in court cases, so most states denied the right of jury duty to blacks. Another example of how free blacks in the North were not truly free is also shown in the Voting and Jury Rights of Blacks in the North: 1860 chart.