The Pros And Cons Of Sociology

1411 Words6 Pages
Among the many definitions of sociology that exist, there are two that I find most appealing for this paper. First, sociology has been defined as the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society. It has also been said to be the study of social problems. The sociological thought was in essence a brainchild of eighteenth- century philosophy, history and political economy. This period was known for posing critical sociological issues without the possibility of their resolutions. The afore-mentioned resolutions came about more distinctly in the nineteenth-century. According to Alan, the early nineteenth-century sociological thought sought to define the social both in terms of society as a complex structural whole and in its relation with specific institutions (Swingewood, 1991). The science of sociology began in the search for explanations for social change and this has resulted in mainly three schools of sociology. These include: Early sociological thought, Classical sociological thought and Modern sociological thought. The main focus of this paper lies predominantly in the classical sociological thought that boasts of broad pessimistic themes. In this school of thought were sociological minds such as those of Emile Durkheim, Max Weber and Karl Marx. During the rise of capitalism, there was a great deal of suffering that resulted in a lot of people decrying what the economic machine was doing to the body of society. Karl Marx 's voice was the most
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