The Pros And Cons Of Sociology

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Sociologists: – Study the influence that society has on people’s attitudes and behavior – Seek to understand ways in which people interact and shape society Sociologists do not accept something as fact because “everyone knows it” Findings are tested by researchers, analyzed in relation to other data, and evaluated with sociological theory What Good Is Sociological Theory? Theory: set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior ¥ Effective theories have explanatory and predictive power ¥ Durkheim’s work on suicide provides a classic case of sociological theory at work Sociological Research Method and Ethics The scientific method includes selecting a researchable problem, reviewing the literature, formulating a hypothesis, creating an operational definition, choosing a research design, collecting the data, analyzing the data, and stating conclusions. It is important that sociologists observe the ethics of their discipline in carrying out research. They have an obligation to protect their research subjects from risk and harm and to protect these subjects’ rights and dignity. Sociology and Science ● Sociology is a type of science, a logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation. - Scientific sociology is the study of society based on systematic observation of social behavior. - Scientific knowledge is based on empirical evidence, information we can verify with our data, not common sense. ● Scientific evidence
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