The Pros And Cons Of Space Law

1987 Words8 Pages
During the years preceding the World War I, exponential progress in space technology was made in countries like Germany, the USSR and the USA. Unsurprisingly, their activities received an enormous boost during the war and afterwards, leading eventually to the great breakthrough of 1957, when Sputnik I became the first satellite to orbit the Earth in outer space. In April 1961, Yuri Gagarin completed the first manned space flight and in 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human being to set foot on the moon. It had, by then, already become apparent that legal rules were indispensable, if confusion and undesirable practises in the use of outer space were to be avoided. While on the subject of history, it is worth going through the evolutionary…show more content…
This UN Treaty which entered into force on the 10th of October 1967 is the foundation on which a number of space law treaties have been based. B) PRINCIPLES AND DEFINITIONS The fundamental question however here is whether it is necessary to create a special set of rules to govern man’s activities and consequential matters in outer space? While the pros and cons surrounding the proper place for space law within the context of International law were being debated, a search was on for analogies and older structures in that sphere. The most tempting touchstone was the Antarctic Treaty of 1959 which laid down the foundation that Air law and Space law are to be treated differently. To start with Air law, the following has been said by Kolossov- ‘Recognition of complete and exclusive sovereignty of each state over the airspace of its territory, recognition of the nationality of aircraft in accordance with its…show more content…
2) CONTRIBUTION OF ROCKET TECHNOLOGY TOWARDS POLLUTION IN OUTER SPACE. A) Damage caused by nuclear and radioactive space activities. The launch of the soviet satellite Sputnik I in 1957 triggered mankind’s journey to outer space. Though the first ever initiative returned within three months, it kicked off a massive never- ending race among the superpowers of the world to explore the unexplored. As apparent from the case of the Cosmos-954 satellite , contamination may be caused by parts of a satellite carrying a nuclear charge coming down. In the cosmos-994 case, parts of that satellite came down in Canada in January 1978. But with satellites being used more and more frequently, there might well be other potentially harmful accidents. The main source of pollution in outer space are the inactive satellites, upper stages of launch vehicles, frozen clouds of water remain in the orbit above Earth’s atmosphere which when collide, release tons of
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