The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Intelligence Testing

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Standardized intelligence testing has been one of psychology’s ultimate achievements. “Intelligence tests are psychological tests that are designed to measure a variety of mental functions, such as reasoning, comprehension, and judgment.” ("Intelligence tests," n.d.) They can help diagnose knowledgeable disabilities or measures a person’s knowledgeable potential. Alfred Binet was the first French Psychologist who created the first intelligence test in the 1900s. Then after, in the late 1800s, Henry Herbert Goddard, Psychologist, translated the Binet test from French to English. Originally, the tests were to measure basic knowledge of children in the United States to assist with support of mental health diagnosis.

There has been debates in the history of psychology about Goddard argument on how adults with lows IQs shouldn’t reproduce. It is grateful that now, society see the viewpoints a lot differently. Today, there are different IQ tests that are used for different purposes and to help diagnose individual’s learning disabilities. Psychologists have developed
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There are two Wechsler test: The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Adults (WISA). Dr. David Wechsler viewed intelligence in the terms of intellectual performance. The reason for reasoning the intelligence matters how much intelligence one has and if they are able to able to the environment; what also matters is how well they uses their intelligence. Individual’s performance is measured by how well they can focus. The Wechsler Intelligence Scales tests five areas of cognitive ability: Verbal Comprehension, Nonverbal and Fluid Reasoning, Working Memory and Processing Speed. “The Wechsler scales, like the Binet and other tests, measure intellectual performance as a multidimensional construct.” ("Wechsler Intelligence Scales,"
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